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Ninevah (See also wiki article Ninevah.)

NINEVEH (Assyr. Nina, Ninua) is said in Gn.10.11 to have been founded by Nimrod in Assyria. There was a village here in the 5th millennium BC. At the close of the 3rd millennium kings of Ur dominated Urbilum (i.e. Arbela) and probably Nineveh. Nineveh was included in the dominions of Hammurabi, who restored the temple of Ishtar there. It was early an important city, and is frequently referred to in the royal inscriptions, but Sennacherib first raised it to the position of capital of Assyria. It lay on the E. of the Tigris, opposite the modern Mosul. Ninevah. The reconstructed walls.Its chief remains are buried beneath the mounds of Kuyunjik and Nebi Yunus, but the outline of the old walls can be traced. They enclosed some 1800 acres, with a circumference of about 8 miles. The mound of Kuyunjik is separated from the mound of Nebi Yunus by the Khoser, and overlies the palaces of Sennacherib to the N., and Ashurbanipal to the S. The southern mound, Nebi Yunus, covers palaces of Sennacherib and Esarhaddon. The Nineveh of Sennacherib's day lay largely outside this area, and included the Rebit Ninua, or Rehoboth-ir, which extended as far as Khorsabad, where Sargon built a great city, Dur-Sharrukin. The traditions of its great size may be due to a reminiscence of this outer girdle of inhabited country. The fall of Nineveh (612 BC) is referred to by Nahum and Zephaniah (2.13-15). 2 K.19.36 and Is.37.37 know it as the city of Sennacherib. For Jonah's mission, see JONAH. Later, Tobit (1.10,17 etc.) and Judith (1.1) refer to it, and the Ninevites are named in Mt.12.41, Lk.11.30, 32. [Article: Dictionary of the Bible, J.Hastings, 2nd Ed., T&T.Clark, 1963 - C.H.W.J. - T.F.]