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23Luke

1 With that the whole assembly rose, and they brought him before Pilate. Jesus Brought Before Pilate Lk.23.1-5 (Jerusalem) - Passover, c.30ce[ Lk.23.1-5 → ] - Mt.27.1-14, Mk.15.1-5, Jn.18.28-38
2 They opened the case against him by saying, 'We found this man subverting our nation, opposing the payment of taxes to Caesar, and claiming to be Messiah, a king.' Or: to be an anointed king.

 
3 Pilate asked him, 'Are you the king of the Jews?' He replied, 'The words are yours.' Or: It is as you say.

 
4 Pilate then said to the chief priests and the crowd, 'I find no case for this man to answer.'  
5 But they insisted: 'His teaching is causing disaffection among the people all through Judaea. It started from Galilee and has spread as far as this city.'
 
6 When Pilate heard this, he asked if the man was a Galilean, Jesus before Herod Lk.23.6-12
7 and on learning that he belonged to Herod's jurisdiction he remitted the case to him, for Herod was also in Jerusalem at that time.  
8 When Herod saw Jesus he was greatly pleased; having heard about him, he had long been wanting to see him, and had been hoping to see some miracle performed by him.

 
9 He questioned him at some length without getting any reply;  
10 but the chief priests and lawyers appeared and pressed the case against him vigorously.  
11 Then Herod and his troops treated him with contempt and ridicule, and sent him back to Pilate dressed in a gorgeous robe.  
12 That same day Herod and Pilate became friends: till then there had been a standing feud between them.
 
13 Pilate now called together the chief priests, councillors, and people, Jesus Sentenced to Die Lk.23.13-25 (Jerusalem) -[ Lk.23.13-25 → ] - Mt.27.15-26, Mk.15.6-15, Jn.18.39-19.16
14 and said to them, 'You brought this man before me on a charge of subversion. But, as you see, I have myself examined him in your presence and found nothing in him to support your charges.  
15 No more did Herod, for he has referred him back to us. Clearly he has done nothing to deserve death.

 
16 I therefore propose to let him off with a flogging.'  
17 Some manuscripts read: At festival time he was obliged to release one person for them; 18 and now ...

 
18 But there is was a general outcry, 'Away with him! Give us Barabbas.'

 
19 (This man had been put in prison for a rising that had taken place in the city, and for murder.)  
20 Pilate addressed them again, in his desire to release Jesus,

 
21 but they shouted back, 'Crucify him, crucify him!'  
22 For the third time he spoke to them: 'Why, what wrong has he done? I have not found him guilty of any capital offence. I will therefore let him off with a flogging.'  
23 But they insisted on their demand, shouting that Jesus should be crucified. Their shouts prevailed  
24 and Pilate decided that they should have their way.

 
25 He released the man they asked for, the man who had been put in prison for insurrection and murder, and gave Jesus up to their will.
 
26 AS THEY LED HIM AWAY to execution they seized upon a man called Simon, from Cyrene, on his way in from the country, put the cross on his back, and made him walk behind Jesus carrying it.
The Crucifixion of Jesus Lk.23.26-43 (Golgotha) -[ Lk.23.26-43 → ] - Mt.27.32-44, Mk.15.21-32, Jn.19.17-27
27 Great numbers of people followed, many women among them, who mourned and lamented over him.  
28 Jesus turned to them and said, 'Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; no, weep for yourselves and your children.  
29 For the days are surely coming when they will say, "Happy are the barren, the wombs that never bore a child, the breasts that never fed one."  
30 Then they will start saying to the mountains, "Fall on us", and to the hills, "Cover us."

- Then they will begin to say to the mountains Lk.23.30 - Hs.10.8
31 For if these things are done when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?'
 
32 There were two others with him, criminals who were being led away to execution;  
33 and when they reached the place called The Skull, they crucified him there, and the criminals with him, one on his right and the other on his left.

 
34 Jesus said, 'Father, forgive them; they do not know what they are doing.' Some witnesses omit: Jesus said, 'Father ... doing.'

They divided his clothes among them by casting lots.

- Father, forgive them  Lk.23.34 - Is.53.12, Ps.22.18
35 The people stood looking on, and their rulers jeered at him: 'He saved others: now let him save himself, if this is God's Messiah, his Chosen.'

- scoffed at him, saying, He saved others Lk.23.35 - Ps.22.7
36 The soldiers joined in the mockery and came forward offering him their sour wine.  
37 'If you are the king of the Jews,' they said, 'save yourself.'  
38 There was an inscription above his head which ran: 'This is the king of the Jews.'

 
39 One of the criminals who hung there with him taunted him: 'Are not you the Messiah? Save yourself, and us.'  
40 But the other rebuked him: 'Have you no fear of God? You are under the same sentence as he.

 
41 For us it is plain justice; we are paying the price for our misdeeds; but this man has done nothing wrong.'  
42 And he said, 'Jesus, remember me when you come to your throne.' Some witnesses read: come in royal power.

 
43 He answered, 'I tell you this: today you shall be with me in Paradise.'
 
44 By now it was about midday and a darkness fell over the whole land, which lasted until three in the afternoon; the sun's light failed

The Death of Jesus Lk.23.44-49[ Lk.23.44-49 → ] - Mt.27.45-56, Mk.15.33-41, Jn.19.28-30
45 And the curtain of the temple was torn in two.

 
46 Then Jesus gave a loud cry and said, 'Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit'; and with these words he died.

- Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit! Lk.23.46 - Ps.31.5
47 The centurion saw it all, and gave praise to God. 'Beyond all doubt', he said, 'this man was innocent.'

 
48 The crowd who had assembled for the spectacle, when they saw what had happened, went home beating their breasts.
 
49 HIS FRIENDS had all been standing at a distance; the women who had accompanied him from Galilee stood with them and watched it all.
 
50 Now there was a man called Joseph, a member of so the Council, a good, upright man, The Burial of Jesus Lk.23.50-56 (the garden) -[ Lk.23.50-56 → ] - Mt.27.57-61, Mk.15.42-47, Jn.19.38-42
51 who had dissented from their policy and the action they had taken. He came from the Judaean town of Arimathaea, and he was one who looked forward to the kingdom of God.

 
52 This man now approached Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.  
53 Taking it down from the cross, he wrapped it in a linen sheet, and laid it in a tomb cut out of the rock, in which no one had been laid before.  
54 It was Friday, and the Sabbath was about to begin.

 
55 The women who had accompanied him from Galilee followed; they took note of the tomb and observed how his body was laid.  
56 Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes; and on the Sabbath they rested in obedience to the commandment.  
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