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25 Revised Standard Version BHS Hebrew Text Reference
Abraham took another wife, whose name was Ketu'rah. וַיֹּסֶף אַבְרָהָם וַיִּקַּח אִשָּׁה וּשְׁמָהּ קְטוּרָה׃ E source Gn.25.1-6
Generations - Abraham. Gn.25.1-6
She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Mid'ian, Ishbak, and Shuah. וַתֵּלֶד לֹו אֶת־זִמְרָן וְאֶת־יָקְשָׁן וְאֶת־מְדָן וְאֶת־מִדְיָן וְאֶת־יִשְׁבָּק וְאֶת־שׁוּחַ׃  
Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. The sons of Dedan were Asshu'rim, Letu'shim, and Le-um'mim. וְיָקְשָׁן יָלַד אֶת־שְׁבָא וְאֶת־דְּדָן וּבְנֵי דְדָן הָיוּ אַשּׁוּרִם וּלְטוּשִׁים וּלְאֻמִּים׃  
The sons of Mid'ian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abi'da, and Elda'ah. All these were the children of Ketu'rah. וּבְנֵי מִדְיָן עֵיפָה וָעֵפֶר וַחֲנֹךְ וַאֲבִידָע וְאֶלְדָּעָה כָּל־אֵלֶּה בְּנֵי קְטוּרָה׃  
Abraham gave all he had to Isaac. וַיִּתֵּן אַבְרָהָם אֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־לֹו לְיִצְחָק׃  
But to the sons of his concubines Abraham gave gifts, and while he was still living he sent them away from his son Isaac, eastward to the east country. וְלִבְנֵי הַפִּילַגְשִׁים אֲשֶׁר לְאַבְרָהָם נָתַן אַבְרָהָם מַתָּנֹת וַיְשַׁלְּחֵם מֵעַל יִצְחָק בְּנֹו בְּעֹודֶנּוּ חַי קֵדְמָה אֶל־אֶרֶץ קֶדֶם׃  
These are the days of the years of Abraham's life, a hundred and seventy-five years. וְאֵלֶּה יְמֵי שְׁנֵי־חַיֵּי אַבְרָהָם אֲשֶׁר־חָי מְאַת שָׁנָה וְשִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנִים׃ P source Gn.25.7-11a
The death of Abraham. Gn.25.7-11
Abraham breathed his last and died in a good old age, an old man and full of years, and was gathered to his people. וַיִּגְוַע וַיָּמָת אַבְרָהָם בְּשֵׂיבָה טֹובָה זָקֵן וְשָׂבֵעַ וַיֵּאָסֶף אֶל־עַמָּיו׃  
Isaac and Ish'mael his sons buried him in the cave of Mach-pe'lah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, east of Mamre, וַיִּקְבְּרוּ אֹתֹו יִצְחָק וְיִשְׁמָעֵאל בָּנָיו אֶל־מְעָרַת הַמַּכְפֵּלָה אֶל־שְׂדֵה עֶפְרֹן בֶּן־צֹחַר הַחִתִּי אֲשֶׁר עַל־פְּנֵי מַמְרֵא׃  
the field which Abraham purchased from the Hittites. There Abraham was buried, with Sarah his wife. הַשָּׂדֶה אֲשֶׁר־קָנָה אַבְרָהָם מֵאֵת בְּנֵי־חֵת שָׁמָּה קֻבַּר אַבְרָהָם וְשָׂרָה אִשְׁתֹּו׃  
After the death of Abraham God blessed Isaac his son. And Isaac dwelt at Beer-la'hai-roi. וַיְהִי אַחֲרֵי מֹות אַבְרָהָם וַיְבָרֶךְ אֱלֹהִים אֶת־יִצְחָק בְּנֹו וַיֵּשֶׁב יִצְחָק עִם־בְּאֵר לַחַי רֹאִי׃ ס J source Gn.25.11b
 
These are the descendants of Ish'mael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's maid, bore to Abraham. וְאֵלֶּה תֹּלְדֹת יִשְׁמָעֵאל בֶּן־אַבְרָהָם אֲשֶׁר יָלְדָה הָגָר הַמִּצְרִית שִׁפְחַת שָׂרָה לְאַבְרָהָם׃ P source Gn.25.12-17
Generations - Ishmael. Gn.25.12-18
These are the names of the sons of Ish'mael, named in the order of their birth: Neba'ioth, the first-born of Ish'mael; and Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמֹות בְּנֵי יִשְׁמָעֵאל בִּשְׁמֹתָם לְתֹולְדֹתָם בְּכֹר יִשְׁמָעֵאל נְבָיֹת וְקֵדָר וְאַדְבְּאֵל וּמִבְשָׂם׃  
Mishma, Dumah, Massa, וּמִשְׁמָע וְדוּמָה וּמַשָּׂא׃  
Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Ked'emah. חֲדַד וְתֵימָא יְטוּר נָפִישׁ וָקֵדְמָה׃  
These are the sons of Ish'mael and these are their names, by their villages and by their encampments, twelve princes according to their tribes. אֵלֶּה הֵם בְּנֵי יִשְׁמָעֵאל וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמֹתָם בְּחַצְרֵיהֶם וּבְטִירֹתָם שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂר נְשִׂיאִם לְאֻמֹּתָם׃  
(These are the years of the life of Ish'mael, a hundred and thirty-seven years; he breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his kindred.) וְאֵלֶּה שְׁנֵי חַיֵּי יִשְׁמָעֵאל מְאַת שָׁנָה וּשְׁלֹשִׁים שָׁנָה וְשֶׁבַע שָׁנִים וַיִּגְוַע וַיָּמָת וַיֵּאָסֶף אֶל־עַמָּיו׃  
They dwelt from Hav'ilah to Shur, which is opposite Egypt in the direction of Assyria; he settled over against all his people. וַיִּשְׁכְּנוּ מֵחֲוִילָה עַד־שׁוּר אֲשֶׁר עַל־פְּנֵי מִצְרַיִם בֹּאֲכָה אַשּׁוּרָה עַל־פְּנֵי כָל־אֶחָיו נָפָל׃ ף J source Gn.25.18
 
These are the descendants of Isaac, Abraham's son: Abraham was the father of Isaac, וְאֵלֶּה תֹּולְדֹת יִצְחָק בֶּן־אַבְרָהָם אַבְרָהָם הֹולִיד אֶת־יִצְחָק׃ P source Gn.25.19-20
The birth of Esau and Jacob. Gn.25.19-26
and Isaac was forty years old when he took to wife Rebekah, the daughter of Bethu'el the Aramean of Paddan-aram, the sister of Laban the Aramean. וַיְהִי יִצְחָק בֶּן־אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה בְּקַחְתֹּו אֶת־רִבְקָה בַּת־בְּתוּאֵל הָאֲרַמִּי מִפַּדַּן אֲרָם אֲחֹות לָבָן הָאֲרַמִּי לֹו לְאִשָּׁה׃  
And Isaac prayed to the LORD for his wife, because she was barren; and the LORD granted his prayer, and Rebekah his wife conceived. וַיֶּעְתַּר יִצְחָק לַיהוָה לְנֹכַח אִשְׁתֹּו כִּי עֲקָרָה הִוא וַיֵּעָתֶר לֹו יְהוָה וַתַּהַר רִבְקָה אִשְׁתֹּו׃ J source Gn.25.21-26a
 
The children struggled together within her; and she said, "If it is thus, why do I live?" So she went to inquire of the LORD. וַיִּתְרֹצֲצוּ הַבָּנִים בְּקִרְבָּהּ וַתֹּאמֶר אִם־כֵּן לָמָּה זֶּה אָנֹכִי וַתֵּלֶךְ לִדְרֹשׁ אֶת־יְהוָה׃  
And the LORD said to her,
"Two nations are in your womb,
and two peoples, born of you, shall be divided;
the one shall be stronger than the other,
the elder shall serve the younger."
וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה לָהּ
    שְׁנֵי [כ= גֹיִים] [ק= גֹויִם] בְּבִטְנֵךְ וּשְׁנֵי לְאֻמִּים מִמֵּעַיִךְ יִפָּרֵדוּ
    וּלְאֹם מִלְאֹם יֶאֱמָץ וְרַב יַעֲבֹד צָעִיר׃
 
When her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb. וַיִּמְלְאוּ יָמֶיהָ לָלֶדֶת וְהִנֵּה תֹוםִם בְּבִטְנָהּ׃  
The first came forth red, all his body like a hairy mantle; so they called his name Esau. וַיֵּצֵא הָרִאשֹׁון אַדְמֹונִי כֻּלֹּו כְּאַדֶּרֶת שֵׂעָר וַיִּקְרְאוּ שְׁמֹו עֵשָׂו׃  
Afterward his brother came forth, and his hand had taken hold of Esau's heel; so his name was called Jacob. Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them. וְאַחֲרֵי־כֵן יָצָא אָחִיו וְיָדֹו אֹחֶזֶת בַּעֲקֵב עֵשָׂו וַיִּקְרָא שְׁמֹו יַעֲקֹב וְיִצְחָק בֶּן־שִׁשִּׁים שָׁנָה בְּלֶדֶת אֹתָם׃ P source Gn.25.26b
 
When the boys grew up, Esau was a skilful hunter, a man of the field, while Jacob was a quiet man, dwelling in tents. וַיִּגְדְּלוּ הַנְּעָרִים וַיְהִי עֵשָׂו אִישׁ יֹדֵעַ צַיִד אִישׁ שָׂדֶה וְיַעֲקֹב אִישׁ תָּם יֹשֵׁב אֹהָלִים׃ J source Gn.25.27-28
Esau sells his birthright. Gn.25.27-34
Isaac loved Esau, because he ate of his game; but Rebekah loved Jacob. וַיֶּאֱהַב יִצְחָק אֶת־עֵשָׂו כִּי־צַיִד בְּפִיו וְרִבְקָה אֹהֶבֶת אֶת־יַעֲקֹב׃  
Once when Jacob was boiling pottage, Esau came in from the field, and he was famished. וַיָּזֶד יַעֲקֹב נָזִיד וַיָּבֹא עֵשָׂו מִן־הַשָּׂדֶה וְהוּא עָיֵף׃ E source Gn.25.29-34
 
And Esau said to Jacob, "Let me eat some of that red pottage, for I am famished!" (Therefore his name was called Edom.) וַיֹּאמֶר עֵשָׂו אֶל־יַעֲקֹב הַלְעִיטֵנִי נָא מִן־הָאָדֹם הָאָדֹם הַזֶּה כִּי עָיֵף אָנֹכִי עַל־כֵּן קָרָא־שְׁמֹו אֱדֹום׃  
Jacob said, "First sell me your birthright." וַיֹּאמֶר יַעֲקֹב מִכְרָה כַיֹּום אֶת־בְּכֹרָתְךָ לִי׃  
Esau said, "I am about to die; of what use is a birthright to me?" וַיֹּאמֶר עֵשָׂו הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי הֹולֵךְ לָמוּת וְלָמָּה־זֶּה לִי בְּכֹרָה׃  
Jacob said, "Swear to me first." So he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob. וַיֹּאמֶר יַעֲקֹב הִשָּׁבְעָה לִּי כַּיֹּומ וַיִּשָּׁבַע לֹו וַיִּמְכֹּר אֶת־בְּכֹרָתֹו לְיַעֲקֹב׃ 
Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils, and he ate and drank, and rose and went his way. Thus Esau despised his birthright. וְיַעֲקֹב נָתַן לְעֵשָׂו לֶחֶם וּנְזִיד עֲדָשִׁים וַיֹּאכַל וַיֵּשְׁתְּ וַיָּקָם וַיֵּלַךְ וַיִּבֶז עֵשָׂו אֶת־הַבְּכֹרָה׃ ס  
      << | Genesis: 25 | >>

Notes: Documentary sources have been extracted from (1) "An Introduction to the Old Testament " by Oesterley & Robinson (1955 ed.), & (2) "Who Wrote the Bible" © Richard Friedman, 1987, Jonathan Cape Ltd.
© Paul Ingram 2006.
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