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MACEDONIA (See also wiki article Macedonia_(country).)

MACEDONIA - The Macedonians were a part of the Hellenic race who settled early in history in the region round the river Axius at the NW. corner of the Aegean. When they first came into Greek politics they had dominion from the mountains N. of Thessaly to the river Strymon, except where the Greek colonies of the peninsula of Chalcidice kept them back. Their race was probably much mixed with Illyrian and Thracian elements; they did not advance in culture with Southern Greece, but kept their primitive government under a king, and were regarded by the Greeks as aliens. Down to the time of Philip (359 BC) they played a minor part as allies of various Greek cities having interests in the N. Aegean. Under Philip, through his organization of an army and his diplomatic skill, they became masters of Greece, and under his son Alexander conquered the East. The dynasties which they established in Syria and Egypt were Macedonian, but in the subsequent Hellenization of the East they took no larger part than other Greek tribes. In their original dominions they remained a hardy and vigorous race. In the battle of Pydna (168 BC) the last king of the Macedonians was overcome by a Roman army under L. Aemilius Paullus. Macedonia was then divided into four separate districts with republican government, but it received the regular organization of a province in 146 BC. The capital of the Macedonian kings was Pella, 23½ miles NW. of Thessalonica.

Macedonia was the scene of St. Paul's first work in Europe, See PAUL, PHILIPPI, THESSALONICA, BEROEA. The province at that time included Thessaly, and stretched across to the Adriatic; but Philippi was a colony, not subject to the governor of the province, and Thessalonica was also a 'free city,' with the right of appointing its own magistrates. The Via Egnatia ran across the province from Dyrrhachium to Neapolis, and St. Paul's journey was along this from Neapolis through Philippi, Amphipolis, Apollonia, to Thessalonica. A further visit is recorded in Ac.20.3-6, and the Pastoral Epistles imply another after his first imprisonment (1 Ti.1.3).

[Article: Dictionary of the Bible, J.Hastings, 2nd Ed., T&T.Clark, 1963 - A.E.H. - E.G.K.]


[THIS co-ordinate centres on the Archaeological site and new museum at PELLA, the ancient capital of MACEDONIA, and the birthplace of ALEXANDER THE GREAT. Zoom in to zoom level 15-16, and set the map-type to Satellite to view the site.]