A History of Israel: Volume II

by W O E Oesterley MA DD(Camb)
first published - Oxford University Press 1932
This Edition prepared for Katapi in Arial Unicode MS by Paul Ingram 2003.

Additional Note N

TABLES OF DATES I

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BC
From


To

THE NEO-BABYLONIAN EMPIRE

625

604

Nabopolassar

 

604

562

Nebuchadrezzar II

[Nebuchadrezzar I was king of the ancient Babylonian empire during the second half of the twelfth century BC.]

562/1

560

Amel-Marduk

 

560

556

Nergal-Sharezer (Neriglissar)

 

556

 554

Labashi-Marduk

 

554

553

Nabunaid (Nabonidus)

 

 

 

THE PERSIAN EMPIRE

538

529

Cyrus

[Cyrus was king of Anshan from 550/49.]

529

522

Cambyses

 

522

486

Darius I (Hystaspis)

 

485

465

Xerxes I

 

464

424

Artaxerxes I (Longimanus)

 

424/3

424/3

Xerxes II . (he reigned only a few months)

 

423

404

Darius II (Nothus)

 

404

359

Artaxerxes II (Mnemon)

 

359

338

Artaxerxes III (Ochus)

 

338

331

Darius III (Godomannus)

 

 

 

THE SELEUCID EMPIRE

311

281/0

Seleucus I (Nicator)

 

280

262/1

Antiochus I (Soter)

 

261/0

247/6

Antiochus II (Theos)

 

246/5

226/5

Seleucus II (Kallinikos)

 

225/4

223

Seleucus III (Keraunos)

 

223

187

Antiochus III (The Great)

 

187

175

Seleucus IV (Philopator)

 

175

163

Antiochus IV (Epiphanes)

 

163

262

Antiochus V (Eupator)

 

162

150

Demetrius I (Soter)

 

150

145

Alexander Balas

 

145

139/8

Demetrius II (Nicator)

 

145

142/1

Antiochus VI (Epiphanes)

[Tryphon usurped the throne 142/1-138 BC; see ch.xvii above.]

139/8

129

Antiochus VII (Euergetes, but nick-named Sidetes)

 

129

126/5

Demetrius II (Nicator)

[He was in the hands of the Parthians during 139/8?129 BC.]

125

96

Antiochus VIII (Grypos)

[During 125?121 BC his wife, Cleopatra Thea, reigned jointly with him.]

115

95

Antiochus IX (Kyzikenos)

 

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For the next twenty years there was the struggle for the remnants of the empire by claimants who can hardly be regarded as kings, namely Seleucus VI [There was a Seleucus V, son of Demetrius II, but he had hardly assumed the diadem (126/5 BC) when he was assassinated.] (Epiphanes Nicator), Antiochus X (Eusebes Philo?pator), Antiochus XI (Epiphanes Philadelphos), Philip I, Deme?trius III (Theos Philopator Soter, nicknamed Eukairos), Antiochus (Dionysos Epiphanes Philopator Kallinikos). Of these Seleu?cus VI, Antiochus XI, and Philip I were the sons of Antiochus VIII.

From 73-64 BCAntiochus I (Asiaticus) reigned in Antioch; in the latter year Pompey put an end to the Seleucid Empire, or what remained of it. Finally, in 56 BC. a last nominal king arose, Philip II, but disappeared almost immediately. [For details see Bevan, The House of Seleucus, ii.247-68.]

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BC
From


To

THE PTOLEMAIC EMPIRE

305

283/2

Ptolemy I (Soter I)

[He was Satrap of Egypt from 323 to 305 BC.]

285

246

Ptolemy II (Philadelphus)

[He was associated with his father in the kingdom for two years before the latter died.]

246

221

Ptolemy III (Euergetes I)

 

221

203

Ptolemy IV (Philopator)

 

203

181/0

Ptolemy V (Epiphanes)

 

181/0

145

Ptolemy VI (Philometor)

 

145

116

Ptolemy VII (Euergetes II, Physcon)

 

116

108/7

Ptolemy VIII (Soter II, Lathyrus)

[He was driven out of Egypt by his mother, Cleopatra, in the year 108/7 BC, but returned in 88 BC.]

88

80

 Ptolemy VIII (Soter II, Lathyrus)

 

108/7

88

Ptolemy IX (Alexander I)

 

80

 

Ptolemy X (Alexander II)

 

80

51

Ptolemy XI (Auletes)

 

51

48

Ptolemy and Cleopatra VII

 

47

44

Ptolemy I and Cleopatra VII

 

44

30

Ptolemy XIV (Caesar) and Cleopatra VII

[In this year Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire.]

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