A History of Israel: Volume II

by W O E Oesterley MA DD(Camb)
first published - Oxford University Press 1932
This Edition prepared for katapi by Paul Ingram 2003.
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Additional Note N

TABLES OF DATES

BC
From


To

THE NEO-BABYLONIAN EMPIRE

625

604

Nabopolassar

 

604

562

Nebuchadrezzar II

[Nebuchadrezzar I was king of the ancient Babylonian empire during the second half of the twelfth century BC.]

562/1

560

Amel-Marduk

 

560

556

Nergal-Sharezer (Neriglissar)

 

556

 554

Labashi-Marduk

 

554

553

Nabunaid (Nabonidus)

 

 

 

THE PERSIAN EMPIRE

538

529

Cyrus

[Cyrus was king of Anshan from 550/49.]

529

522

Cambyses

 

522

486

Darius I (Hystaspis)

 

485

465

Xerxes I

 

464

424

Artaxerxes I (Longimanus)

 

424/3

424/3

Xerxes II . (he reigned only a few months)

 

423

404

Darius II (Nothus)

 

404

359

Artaxerxes II (Mnemon)

 

359

338

Artaxerxes III (Ochus)

 

338

331

Darius III (Godomannus)

 

 

 

THE SELEUCID EMPIRE

311

281/0

Seleucus I (Nicator)

 

280

262/1

Antiochus I (Soter)

 

261/0

247/6

Antiochus II (Theos)

 

246/5

226/5

Seleucus II (Kallinikos)

 

225/4

223

Seleucus III (Keraunos)

 

223

187

Antiochus III (The Great)

 

187

175

Seleucus IV (Philopator)

 

175

163

Antiochus IV (Epiphanes)

 

163

262

Antiochus V (Eupator)

 

162

150

Demetrius I (Soter)

 

150

145

Alexander Balas

 

145

139/8

Demetrius II (Nicator)

 

145

142/1

Antiochus VI (Epiphanes)

[Tryphon usurped the throne 142/1-138 BC; see ch.xvii above.]

139/8

129

Antiochus VII (Euergetes, but nick-named Sidetes)

 

129

126/5

Demetrius II (Nicator)

[He was in the hands of the Parthians during 139/8?129 BC.]

125

96

Antiochus VIII (Grypos)

[During 125?121 BC his wife, Cleopatra Thea, reigned jointly with him.]

115

95

Antiochus IX (Kyzikenos)

 

top

 

For the next twenty years there was the struggle for the remnants of the empire by claimants who can hardly be regarded as kings, namely Seleucus VI [There was a Seleucus V, son of Demetrius II, but he had hardly assumed the diadem (126/5 BC) when he was assassinated.] (Epiphanes Nicator), Antiochus X (Eusebes Philo?pator), Antiochus XI (Epiphanes Philadelphos), Philip I, Deme?trius III (Theos Philopator Soter, nicknamed Eukairos), Antiochus (Dionysos Epiphanes Philopator Kallinikos). Of these Seleu?cus VI, Antiochus XI, and Philip I were the sons of Antiochus VIII.

From 73-64 BCAntiochus I (Asiaticus) reigned in Antioch; in the latter year Pompey put an end to the Seleucid Empire, or what remained of it. Finally, in 56 BC. a last nominal king arose, Philip II, but disappeared almost immediately. [For details see Bevan, The House of Seleucus, ii.247-68.]

top

BC
From


To

THE PTOLEMAIC EMPIRE 

305

283/2

Ptolemy I (Soter I)

[He was Satrap of Egypt from 323 to 305 BC.]

285

246

Ptolemy II (Philadelphus)

[He was associated with his father in the kingdom for two years before the latter died.]

246

221

Ptolemy III (Euergetes I)

 

221

203

Ptolemy IV (Philopator)

 

203

181/0

Ptolemy V (Epiphanes)

 

181/0

145

Ptolemy VI (Philometor)

 

145

116

Ptolemy VII (Euergetes II, Physcon)

 

116

108/7

Ptolemy VIII (Soter II, Lathyrus)

[He was driven out of Egypt by his mother, Cleopatra, in the year 108/7 BC, but returned in 88 BC.]

88

80

 Ptolemy VIII (Soter II, Lathyrus)

 

108/7

88

Ptolemy IX (Alexander I)

 

80

 

Ptolemy X (Alexander II)

 

80

51

Ptolemy XI (Auletes)

 

51

48

Ptolemy and Cleopatra VII

 

47

44

Ptolemy I and Cleopatra VII

 

44

30

Ptolemy XIV (Caesar) and Cleopatra VII

[In this year Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire.]

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BC
From


To

THE HASMONAEAN RULERS

166/5

160

Judas Maccabaeus

 

160/59

142/1

Jonathan (High-priest)

 

142/1

135/4

Simon (High-priest)

 

134/3

104/3

John Hyrcanus I (High-priest and king)

 

103/2

 

Aristobulus I (High-priest and king)

 

102/1

76/5

Alexander Jannaeus (High-priest and king)

 

75/4

67/6

Alexandra

 

75/4

66/5

Hyrcanus II (High-priest)

 

63

40

 Hyrcanus II (High-priest)

 

66/5

63

Aristobulus II (High-priest and king)

[Aristobulus usurped both the High priesthood and the kingship until deposed by Pompey.]

40

37

Antigonus (High-priest and king)

 

37

AD4

Herod the Great2

[The High priesthood was now separated from the kingship.]

After Herod's death his kingdom was divided among his sons.
top

 


BC
From


To

THE ROMAN PROCONSULS AND LEGATES OF SYRIA 

 

 

[Schurer, op. cit. i.304-37.]

62

 

M. Aemilius Scaurus

 

61

60

Marcius Philippus

 

59

58

Lentulus Marcellinus

 

57

55

A. Gabinius

 

54

53

M. Licinius Crassus

 

53

51

C. Cassius Longinus

 

50

49

Vejento

 

49

48

Q, Metellus Scipio

 

47

46

Sextus Caesar

 

46

 

Caecilius Bassus

 

45

 

C. Antistius Vetus

 

44

 

L. Statius Murcus

 

44

42

G. Cassius Longinus

[He held the office twice.]

41

40

Decidius Saxa

Administrators under the Pro-consulship of Mark Anthony

39

38

P. Ventidius

do

38

37

G. Socius

do

35

 

L. Munacius Plancus

do [During 36 BC Mark Antony was present in the East himself.]

33

31

L. Calpurnius Bibulus

(?)[See Schurer, op. cit., p.315.]

30

 

Q. Didius

 

29

 

M. Messala Corvinus

 

28

 (?)

M. Tullius Cicero

[Ibid., i. 317.]

?

23

Varro

 

23

13

M. Agrippa

 

c. 10

 

M. Titius

 

9

6

C. Sentius Saturninus

 

6

4

P. Quintilius Varus

 

3

2 (?)

P. Sulpicius Quirinius

[Ibid., 322.]

1

AD 4 (?)

C. Caesar

[Ibid., 325.]

AD 4

5

L. Volusius Saturninus

 

6

(?)

P. Sulpicius Quirinius

[Ibid., 327.]

12

17

Q. Caecilius Creticus Silanus

 

17

19

Cn. Calpurnius Piso

 

19

21

Cn. Sextius Saturninus

 

?

32

L. Aelius Lamia4

[Ibid., 329 ff.]

32

35

L. Pomponius Flaccus5

[Ibid., 332 f.]

35

39

L. Vitellius

 

39

42

P. Petronius

 

42

44

C. Vibius Marsus

 

45

50

C. Cassius Longinus

 

50

60

C. Ummidius Quadratus

 

60

63

Cn. Domitius Corbulo

 

63

66

C. Cestius Callus

 

67

69

C. Licinius Mucianus

 

top


AD
From


To

THE PROCURATORS OF JUDAEA AFTER THE FALL OF JERUSALEM

 

 

[Ibid., 642-61.] (The dates are mostly approximate)

70

73

Sex. Vettulenus Cerialis

Circa

 

 

Lucilius Bassus

Circa

80

 

M. Salvidenus

Circa

81

 

L. FIavius Silva

Circa

86

 

Cn. Pompeius Longinus

Circa

107

 

Atticus

Circa

after 107

 

Q. Pompeius Falco

 

114

 

Tiberianus

Circa

117

 

Lusius Quietus

Circa

132

 

Tineius Rufus

 

135

 

Julius Severus

 

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