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ISAIAH. Jerusalem - 8thcent.bce. 740bce (Jerusalem)

1THE VISION RECEIVED BY ISAIAH son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

God reprimands his people.

24This therefore is the word of the Lord, the LORD of Hosts, the Mighty One of Israel:


Everlasting peace. - Mic.4.1-3

1This is the word which Isaiah son of Amoz received in a vision concerning Judah and Jerusalem.


Chaos in Jerusalem.

18In that day the Lord will take away all finery: anklets, discs, crescents, 19pendants, bangles, coronets, 20head-bands, armlets, necklaces, lockets, charms, 21signets, nose-rings, 22fine dresses, mantles, cloaks, flounced skirts, 23scarves of gauze, kerchiefs of linen, turbans, and flowing veils.


Jerusalem will be restored.

3Then those who are left in Zion, who remain in Jerusalem, every one enrolled in the book of life, shall be called holy. 4If the Lord washes away the filth of the women of Zion and cleanses Jerusalem from the blood that is in it by a spirit of judgement, a consuming spirit, 5then over every building on Mount Zion and on all her places of assembly the LORD will create a cloud of smoke by day and a bright flame of fire by night; for glory shall be spread over all as a covering 6and a canopy, a shade from the heat by day, a refuge and a shelter from rain and tempest.


The song of the vineyard.


The call of ISAIAH.

1IN THE YEAR OF KING UZZIAH'S DEATH I saw the Lord seated on a throne, high and exalted, and the skirt of his robe filled the temple. 2About him were attendant seraphim, and each had six wings; one pair covered his face and one pair his feet, and one pair was spread in flight. 3They were calling ceaselessly to one another,

4And, as each one called, the threshold shook to its foundations, while the house was filled with smoke. 5Then I cried,6Then one of the seraphim flew to me carrying in his hand a glowing coal which he had taken from the altar with a pair of tongs. 7He touched my mouth with it and said,8Then I heard the Lord saying, Whom shall I send? Who will go for me? And I answered, Here am I; send me. 9He said, Go and tell this people:11Then I asked, How long, O Lord? And he answered,


A message for AHAZ, king of Judah.

1WHILE AHAZ SON OF JOTHAM and grandson of Uzziah was king of Judah, Rezin king of Aram with Pekah son of Remaliah, king of Israel, marched on Jerusalem, but could not force a battle. 2When the house of David heard that the Aramaeans had come to terms with the Ephraimites, king and people were shaken like forest trees in the wind. 3Then the LORD said to Isaiah, Go out with your son Shear-jashub That is A remnant shall return to meet Ahaz at the end of the conduit of the Upper Pool by the causeway leading to the Fuller's Field, 4and say to him, Be on your guard, keep calm; do not be frightened or unmanned by these two smouldering stumps of firewood, because Rezin and his Aramaeans with Remaliah's son are burning with rage. 5The Aramaeans with Ephraim and Remaliah's son have laid their plans against you, saying, 6Let us invade Judah and break her spirit Or and parley with her, let us make her join with us, and set the son of Tabeal on the throne. 7Therefore the Lord GOD has said:

The sign of Emmanuel.

10Once again the LORD spoke to Ahaz and said, 11Ask the LORD your God for a sign, from lowest Sheol or from highest heaven. 12But Ahaz said, No, I will not put the LORD to the test by asking for a sign. 13Then the answer came: Listen, house of David. Are you not content to wear out men's patience? Must you also wear out the patience of my God? 14Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign: A young woman is with child, and she will bear a son, and will Or you will call him Immanuel That is God is with us. 15By the time that he has learnt to reject evil and choose good, he will be eating curds and honey he will ... honey: or curds and honey will be eaten; 16before that child has learnt to reject evil and choose good, desolation will come upon the land before whose two kings you cower now. 17The LORD will bring on you, your people, and your house, a time the like of which has not been seen since Ephraim broke away from Judah prob. rdg, Heb adds the king of Assyria.

18On that day the LORD will whistle for the fly from the distant streams of Egypt and for the bee from Assyria. 19They shall all come and settle in the precipitous ravines and in the clefts of the rock; camel-thorn and stink-wood shall be black with them. 20On that day the Lord shall shave the head and body with a razor hired on the banks of the Euphrates prob. rdg, Heb adds with the king of Assyria, and it shall remove the beard as well. 21On that day a man shall save alive a young cow and two ewes; 22and he shall get so much milk that he eats curds; for all who are left in the land shall eat curds and honey. 23On that day every place where there used to be a thousand vines worth a thousand pieces of silver shall be given over to thorns and briars. 24A man shall go there only to hunt with bow and arrows, for thorns and briars cover the whole land; 25and no one who fears thorns and briars shall set foot on any of those hills once worked with the hoe. Oxen shall be turned loose on them, and sheep shall trample them.


Isaiah's son - a sign to the people.

1The LORD said to me, Take a large tablet and write on it in common writing in common writing: or with an ordinary stylus, Maher-shalal-hash-baz That is Speed-spoil-hasten-plunder; 2and fetch Uriah the priest and Zechariah son of Jeberechiah for me as trustworthy witnesses. 3Then I lay with the prophetess, and she conceived and bore a son; and the LORD said to me, Call him Maher-shalal-hash-baz. 4Before the boy can say Father or Mother, the wealth of Damascus and the spoils of Samaria shall be carried off and presented to the king of Assyria.

The king of Assyria is coming

5Once again the LORD said to me:

11These were the words of the LORD to me, for his hand was strong upon me; and he warned me not to follow Or and he turned me from following the ways of this people:

The LORD warns Isaiah.

12You shall not say 'too hard' of everything that this people calls hard; you shall neither dread nor fear that which they fear. 13It is the LORD of Hosts whom you must count 'hard' 'hard': prob. rdg, Heb unintelligible in this context; he it is whom you must fear and dread. 14He shall become your 'hardship' 'hardship': prob. rdg, Heb unintelligible in this context, a boulder and a rock which the two houses of Israel shall run against and over which they shall stumble, a trap and a snare to those who live in Jerusalem; 15and many shall stumble over them, many shall fall and be broken, many shall be snared and caught.

Warning against consulting fortune-tellers & mediums.


The future king.

1 (1b) For, while the first invader has dealt lightly with the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, the second has dealt heavily with Galilee of the Nations on the road beyond Jordan to the sea.


12When the Lord has finished all that he means to do on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, he will punish the king of Assyria for this fruit of his pride and for his arrogance and vainglory, 13because he said:

A remnant will return.

20On that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of Jacob, shall cease to lean on him that proved their destroyer, but shall loyally lean on the LORD, the Holy One of Israel.

The LORD will punish Assyria.

24Therefore these are the words of the Lord, the LORD of Hosts: My people who live in Zion, you must not be afraid of the Assyrians, though they beat you with their rod and lift their staff against you as the Egyptians did; 25for soon, very soon, my anger will come to an end, and my wrath will all be spent will ... spent: prob. rdg, Heb obscure. 26Then the LORD of Hosts will brandish his whip over them as he did when he struck Midian at the Rock of Oreb, and will lift his staff against the River as he did against Egypt.


The peaceful kingdom.

11On that day the Lord will make his power more glorious by recovering the remnant of his people, those who are still left, from Assyria and Egypt, from Pathros, from Cush and Elam, from Shinar, Hamath and the islands of the sea.


Hymn of thanksgiving.


God will punish Babylon.

1BABYLON: AN ORACLE which Isaiah son of Amoz received in a vision.


Israel - The exiled will return.

1The LORD will show compassion for Jacob and will once again make Israel his choice. He will settle them on their own soil, and strangers will come to join them and attach themselves to Jacob. 2Many nations shall escort Israel to her place, and she shall employ them as slaves and slave-girls on the land of the LORD; she shall take her captors captive and rule over her task-masters.

The king of Babylonia in the world of the dead.

3When the LORD gives you relief from your pain and your fears and from the cruel slavery laid upon you, 4you will take up this song of derision over the king of Babylon:

God will destroy Babylon.

22I will rise against them, says the LORD of Hosts; I will destroy the name of Babylon and what remains of her, her offspring and posterity, says the LORD; 23I will make her a haunt of the bustard, a waste of fen, and sweep her with the besom of destruction. This is the very word of the LORD of Hosts.

God will destroy the Assyrians.

God will destroy the Philistines.

28In the year that King Ahaz died this oracle came from God:


God will destroy Moab.

1Moab: an oracle.


Moab's hopeless situation.

13These are the words which the LORD spoke long ago about Moab; 14and now he says, In three years, as a hired labourer counts them off, the glory of Moab shall become contemptible for all his vast numbers; a handful shall be left and those of no account.


God will punish Syria & Israel.

1Damascus: an oracle.

7On that day men shall look to their Maker and turn their eyes to the Holy One of Israel; 8they shall not look to the altars made by their own hands nor to anything that their fingers have made, sacred poles or incense-altars.

9On that day their strong cities shall be deserted like the cities of the Hivites and the Amorites, which they abandoned when Israel came in; all shall be desolate.


God will punish Egypt.

4These were the words of the LORD to me:

7At that time tribute shall be brought to the LORD of Hosts from a people tall and smooth-skinned, dreaded near and far, a nation strong and proud, whose land is scoured by rivers. They shall bring it to Mount Zion, the place where men invoke the name of the LORD of Hosts.


God will punish Egypt.

1Egypt: an oracle.

Egypt will worship the LORD.

16When that day comes the Egyptians shall become weak as women; they shall fear and tremble when they see the LORD of Hosts raise his hand against them, as raise it he will. 17The land of Judah shall strike terror into Egypt; its very name shall cause dismay, because of the plans that the LORD of Hosts has laid against them.

18When that day comes there shall be five cities in Egypt speaking the language of Canaan and swearing allegiance to the LORD of Hosts, and one of them shall be called the City of the Sun the City of the Sun: or Heliopolis.

19When that day comes there shall be an altar to the LORD in the heart of Egypt, and a sacred pillar set up for the LORD upon her frontier. 20It shall stand as a token and a reminder to the LORD of Hosts in Egypt, so that when they appeal to him against their oppressors, he may send a deliverer to champion their cause, and he shall rescue them. 21The LORD will make himself known to the Egyptians; on that day they shall acknowledge the LORD and do him service with sacrifice and grain-offering, make vows to him and pay them. 22The LORD will strike down Egypt, healing as he strikes; then they will turn back to him and he will hear their prayers and heal them.

23When that day comes there shall be a highway between Egypt and Assyria; Assyrians shall come to Egypt and Egyptians to Assyria; then Egyptians shall worship with Or shall be slaves to Assyrians.

24When that day comes Israel shall rank with Egypt and Assyria, those three, and shall be a blessing in the centre of the world. 25So the LORD of Hosts will bless them: A blessing be upon Egypt my people, upon Assyria the work of my hands, and upon Israel my possession.


The sign of the naked prophet.

1SARGON KING OF ASSYRIA SENT his commander-in-chief Or sent Tartan to Ashdod, and he took it by storm. 2At that time the LORD said to Isaiah son of Amoz, Come, strip the sackcloth from your waist and take your sandals off. He did so, and went about naked and barefoot. 3The LORD said, My servant Isaiah has gone naked and barefoot for three years as a sign and a warning to Egypt and Cush; 4just so shall the king of Assyria lead the captives of Egypt and the exiles of Cush naked and barefoot, their buttocks shamefully exposed, young and old alike. 5All men shall be dismayed, their hopes in Cush and their pride in Egypt humbled. 6On that day those who dwell along this coast will say, So much for all our hopes on which we relied for help and deliverance from the king of Assyria; what escape have we now?


A vision of the fall of Babylon.

1A wilderness: an oracle.

A message about Edom.

11Dumah: an oracle.

A message about Arabia.

13With the Arabs: an oracle.

16For these are the words of the Lord to me: Within a year, as a hired labourer counts off the years, all the glory of Kedar shall come to an end; 17few shall be the bows left to the warriors of Kedar.

The LORD the God of Israel has spoken.


A message about Jerusalem.

1The Valley of Vision Or of Calamity: an oracle.

5For the Lord, the LORD of Hosts, has ordained a day of tumult, a day of trampling and turmoil in the Valley of Vision Or of Calamity, rousing cries for help that echo among the mountains.

On that day you looked to the weapons stored in the House of the Forest; 9you filled all the many pools in the City of David, collecting water from the Lower Pool you filled ... Lower Pool: or you took note of the cracks, many as they were, in the wall of the City of David, and you collected water from the Lower Pool. 10Then you surveyed the houses in Jerusalem, tearing some down to make the wall inaccessible, 11and between the two walls you made a cistern for the Waters of the Old Pool;

14The LORD of Hosts has revealed himself to me; in my hearing he swore:

A warning to Shebna.

15These were the words of the Lord, the LORD of Hosts:

20On that day I will send for my servant Eliakim son of Hilkiah; 21I will invest him with your robe, gird him with your sash; and hand over your authority to him. He shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the people of Judah. 22I will lay the key of the house of David on his shoulder; what he opens no man shall shut, and what he shuts no man shall open. He shall be a seat of honour for his father's family; 23I will fasten him firmly in place like a peg. 24On him shall hang all the weight of the family, down to the lowest dregs—all the little vessels, both bowls and pots. 25On that day, says the LORD of Hosts, the peg which was firmly fastened in its place shall he removed; it shall be hacked out and shall fall, and the load of things hanging on it shall be destroyed. The LORD has spoken.


A message about Phoenicia.

1Tyre: an oracle.

13Look at this land, the destined home of ships Or marmots! The Chaldaeans prob. rdg, Heb adds this was the people; it was not Assyria erected their prob. rdg, Heb his siege-towers, dismantled its palaces and laid it in ruins.

15From that day Tyre shall be forgotten for seventy years, the span of one king's life. At the end of the seventy years her plight shall be that of the harlot in the song:

17At the end of seventy years, the LORD will turn again to Tyre; she shall go back to her old trade and hire herself out to every kingdom on earth. 18The profits of her trading will be dedicated to the LORD; they shall not be hoarded or stored up, but shall be given to those who worship the LORD, to purchase food in plenty and fine attire.

The LORD will punish the earth.


A Hymn of praise.


God will give his people victory.

1On that day this song shall be sung in Judah:


A warning to Israel.


The fate of Jerusalem.

11All prophetic vision has become for you like a sealed book. Give such a book to one who can read and say, 'Come, read this'; he will answer, 'I cannot', because it is sealed. 12Give it to one who cannot read and say, 'Come, read this'; he will answer, 'I cannot read.'

13Then the Lord said:

22Therefore these are the words of the LORD the God of the house of Jacob, the God who ransomed Abraham:


A useless treaty with Egypt.

6The Beasts of the South: an oracle.

12These are the words of the Holy One of Israel:

God will bless his people.

19O people of Zion who dwell in Jerusalem, you shall weep no more. The LORD will show you favour and answer you when he hears your cry for help. 20The Lord may give you bread of adversity and water of affliction, but he who teaches you shall no longer be hidden out of sight, but with your own eyes you shall see him always. 21If you stray from the road to right or left you shall hear with your own ears a voice behind you saying, This is the way; follow it. 22You will reject, as things unclean, your silvered images and your idols sheathed in gold; you will loathe them like a foul discharge and call them ordure call them ordure: or say to them, Be off. 23The Lord will give you rain for the seed you sow, and as the produce of your soil he will give you heavy crops of corn in plenty. When that day comes the cattle shall graze in broad pastures; 24the oxen and asses that work your land shall be fed with well-seasoned fodder, winnowed with shovel and fork. 25On each high mountain and each lofty hill shall be streams of running water, on the day of massacre when the highest in the land fall. 26The moon shall shine with a brightness like the sun's, and the sun with seven times his wonted brightness, seven days' light in one, on the day when the LORD binds up the broken limbs of his people and heals their wounds.

God will punish Assyria.


God will protect Jerusalem.

4This is what the LORD has said to me:


A king with integrity.


A prayer for help.


God will punish his enemies.


The Way of Holiness.


The Assyrians threaten Jerusalem. - 2Kgs.18.13-27, 2Chr.32.1-19

1 vv1-22. cp 2Kgs.18.13-37; 2Chr. 32.1-19 IN THE FOURTEENTH YEAR of the reign of Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria attacked and took all the fortified cities of Judah. 2From Lachish he sent the chief officer Or sent Rab-shakeh with a strong force to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem; and he halted by the conduit of the Upper Pool on the causeway which leads to the Fuller's Field. 3There Eliakim son of Hilkiah, the comptroller of the household, came out to him, with Shebna the adjutant-general and Joah son of Asaph, the secretary of state. 4The chief officer said to them, 'Tell Hezekiah that this is the message of the Great King, the king of Assyria: "What ground have you for this confidence of yours? 5Do you think fine words can take the place of skill and numbers? On whom then do you rely for support in your rebellion against me? 6On Egypt? Egypt is a splintered cane that will run into a man's hand and pierce it if he leans on it. That is what Pharaoh king of Egypt proves to all who rely on him. 7And if you tell me that you are relying on the LORD your God, is he not the god whose hill-shrines and altars Hezekiah has suppressed, telling Judah and Jerusalem that they must prostrate themselves before this altar alone?"?

8'Now, make a bargain with my master the king of Assyria: I will give you two thousand horses if you can find riders for them. 9Will you reject the authority of even the least of my master's servants and rely on Egypt for chariots and horsemen? 10Do you think that I have come to attack this land and destroy it without the consent of the LORD? No; the LORD himself said to me, "Attack this land and destroy it."? '

11Eliakim, Shebna, and Joah said to the chief officer, 'Please speak to us in Aramaic, for we understand it, do not speak Hebrew to us within earshot of the people on the city wall.' 12The chief officer answered, 'Is it to your master and to you that my master has sent me to say this? Is it not to the people sitting on the wall who, like you, will have to eat their own dung and drink their own urine?' 13Then he stood and shouted in Hebrew, 'Hear the message of the Great King, the king of Assyria. 14These are the king's words: "Do not be taken in by Hezekiah. He cannot save you. 15Do not let him persuade you to rely on the LORD, and tell you that the LORD will save you and that this city will never be surrendered to the king of Assyria."? 16Do not listen to Hezekiah; these are the words of the king of Assyria: "Make peace with me. Come out to me, and then you shall each eat the fruit of his own vine and his own fig-tree, and drink the water of his own cistern, 17until I come and take you to a land like your own, a land of grain and new wine, of corn and vineyards. 18Beware lest Hezekiah mislead you by telling you that the LORD will save you. Did the god of any of these nations save his land from the king of Assyria? 19Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim? Where are the gods of Samaria? Did they save Samaria from me? 20Among all the gods of these nations is there one who saved his land from me? And how is the LORD to save Jerusalem?" '

21The people were silent and answered not a word, for the king had given orders that no one was to answer him. 22Eliakim son of Hilkiah, comptroller of the household, Shebna the adjutant-general, and Joah son of Asaph, secretary of state, came to Hezekiah with their clothes rent and reported what the chief officer had said.


Hezekiah asks Isaiah's advice. - 2Kgs.19.1-7

1 vv1-38. cp 2Kgs. 19.1-37; 2Chr. 32.20-22 When King Hezekiah heard their report, he rent his clothes and wrapped himself in sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD. 2He sent Eliakim comptroller of the household, Shebna the adjutant-general, and the senior priests, all covered in sackcloth, to the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz, 3to give him this message from the king: 'This day is a day of trouble for us, a day of reproof and contempt. We are like a woman who has no strength to bear the child that is coming to the birth. 4It may be that the LORD your God heard the words of the chief officer whom his master the king of Assyria sent to taunt the living God, and will confute what he, the LORD your God, heard. Offer a prayer for those who still survive.' 5King Hezekiah's servants came to Isaiah, 6and he told them to say this to their master: 'This is the word of the LORD: "Do not be alarmed at what you heard when the lackeys of the king of Assyria blasphemed me. 7I will put a spirit in him, and he shall hear a rumour and withdraw to his own country; and there I will make him fall by the sword." '

The Assyrians send another threat. - 2Kgs.19.8-19

8So the chief officer withdrew. He heard that the king of Assyria had left Lachish, and he found him attacking Libnah. 9But when the king learnt that Tirhakah king of Cush was on the way to make war on him, he sent messengers again again: prob. rdg, cp 2Kgs. 19.9; Heb and he heard to Hezekiah king of Judah, 10to say to him, 'How can you be deluded by your god on whom you rely when he promises that Jerusalem shall not fall into the hands of the king of Assyria? 11Surely you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all countries, exterminating their people; can you then hope to escape? 12Did their gods save the nations which my forefathers destroyed, Gozan, Harran, Rezeph, and the people of Beth-eden living in Telassar? 13Where are the kings of Hamath, of Arpad, and of Lahir, Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah?'

14Hezekiah took the letter from the messengers and read it; then he went up into the house of the LORD, spread it out before the LORD 15and offered this prayer: 16'O LORD of Hosts, God of Israel, enthroned on the cherubim, thou alone art God of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast made heaven and earth. 17Turn thy ear to me, O LORD, and listen; open thine eyes, O LORD, and see; hear the message that Sennacherib has sent to taunt the living God. 18It is true, O LORD, that the kings of Assyria have laid waste every country, 19that they have consigned their gods to the fire and destroyed them; for they were no gods but the work of men's hands, mere wood and stone. 20But now, O LORD our God, save us from his power, so that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou, O LORD, alone art God.'

Isaiah's message to Hezekiah. - 2Kgs.19.20-37

21Isaiah son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah and said, 'This is the word of the LORD the God of Israel: I have heard your prayer to me concerning Sennacherib king of Assyria. 22This is the word which the LORD has spoken concerning him:

30This shall be the sign for you: this year you shall eat shed grain and in the second year what is self-sown; but in the third year sow and reap, plant vineyards and eat their fruit. 31The survivors left in Judah shall strike fresh root under ground and yield fruit above ground, 32for a remnant shall come out of Jerusalem and survivors from Mount Zion. The zeal of the LORD of Hosts will perform this.

33'Therefore, this is the word of the LORD concerning the king of Assyria:

36The angel of the LORD went out and struck down a hundred and eighty-five thousand men in the Assyrian camp; when morning dawned, they all lay dead. 36So Sennacherib king of Assyria broke camp, went back to Nineveh and stayed there. 38One day, while he was worshipping in the temple of his god Nisroch, Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons murdered him and escaped to the land of Ararat. He was succeeded by his son Esarhaddon.


Hezekiah's illness & recovery. - 2Kgs.20.1-11, 2Chr.32.24-26

1 vv1-8, 21, 22: cp 2Kgs. 20.1-11 At this time Hezekiah fell dangerously ill and the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz came to him and said, 'This is the word of the LORD: Give your last instructions to your household, for you are a dying man and will not recover.' 2Hezekiah turned his face to the wall and offered this prayer to the LORD: 3'O LORD, remember how I have lived before thee, faithful and loyal in thy service, always doing what was good in thine eyes.' And he wept bitterly. 4Then the word of the LORD came to Isaiah: 5'Go and say to Hezekiah: "This is the word of the LORD the God of your father David: I have heard your prayer and seen your tears; I will add fifteen years to your life. 6I will deliver you and this city from the king of Assyria and will protect this city."? ' 21 - (vv21, 22 transposed) Then Isaiah told them to apply a fig-plaster; so they made one and applied it to the boil, and he recovered. 22 Then Hezekiah said, 'By what sign shall I know that I shall go up into the house of the LORD?' 7And Isaiah said And Isaiah said: prob. rdg, cp 2Kgs. 20.9; Heb omitted, 'This shall be your sign from the LORD that he will do what he has promised. 8Watch the shadow cast by the sun on the stairway of Ahaz: I will bring backwards ten steps the shadow which has gone down on the stairway.' And the sun went back ten steps on the stairway down which it had gone.

Hezekiah's psalm of praise.

9A poem of Hezekiah king of Judah after his recovery from his illness, as it was written down:

21 vv21, 22 transposed to follow v6

22 vv21, 22 transposed to follow v6


Messengers from Babylon. - 2Kgs.20.12-19

1 vv1-8: cp 2Kgs. 20.12-19 At this time Merodach-baladan son of Baladan king of Babylon sent envoys with a gift to Hezekiah; for he had heard that he had been ill and was well again. 2Hezekiah welcomed them and showed them all his treasury, silver and gold, spices and fragrant oil, his entire armoury and everything to be found among his treasures; there was nothing in his house and in all his realm that Hezekiah did not show them. 3Then the prophet Isaiah came to King Hezekiah and asked him, 'What did these men say and where have they come from?' 'They have come from a far-off country,' Hezekiah answered, 'from Babylon.' 4Then Isaiah asked, 'What did they see in your house?' 'They saw everything,' Hezekiah replied; 'there was nothing among my treasures that I did not show them.' 5Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, 'Hear the word of the LORD of Hosts: 6The time is coming, says the LORD, when everything in your house, and all that your forefathers have amassed till the present day, will be carried away to Babylon; not a thing shall be left. 7And some of the sons who will be born to you, sons of your own begetting, shall be taken and shall be made eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.' 8Hezekiah answered, 'The word of the LORD which you have spoken is good'; thinking to himself that peace and security would last out his lifetime.


ISAIAH 2. (The Exile). Words of hope. 549bce (Babylon)


God's assurance to Israel.


The servant of the LORD.


God promises to rescue his people.


The LORD is the only god.

12The blacksmith sharpens a graving tool and hammers out his work his work: prob. rdg, Heb he works hot from the coals and shapes it with his strong arm; when he grows hungry his strength fails, if he has no water to drink he tires. 13The woodworker draws his line taut and marks out a figure with a scriber; he planes the wood and measures it with callipers, and he carves it to the shape of a man, comely as the human form, to be set up presently in a house Or a shrine.

14A man plants a cedar and the rain makes it grow, so that later on he will have cedars to cut down; or he chooses an ilex or an oak to raise a stout tree for himself in the forest. 15It becomes fuel for his fire: some of it he takes and warms himself, some he kindles and bakes bread on it, and some he makes into a god and prostrates himself, shaping it into an idol and bowing down before it. 16The one half of it he burns in the fire and on this he roasts meat, so that he may eat his roast and be satisfied; he also warms himself at it and he says, 'Good! I can feel the heat, I am growing warm.' 17Then what is left of the wood he makes into a god by carving it into shape; he bows down to it and prostrates himself and prays to it, saying, 'Save me; for thou art my god.' 18Such people neither know nor understand, their eyes made too blind to see, their minds too narrow to discern. 19Such a man will not use his reason, he has neither the wit nor the sense to say, 'Half of it I have burnt, yes, and used its embers to bake bread; I have roasted meat on them too and eaten it; but the rest of it I turn into this abominable thing and so I am worshipping a log of wood.' 20He feeds on ashes indeed! His own deluded mind has misled him, he cannot recollect himself so far as to say, 'Why! this thing in my hand is a sham.'

The LORD, creator, saviour.


Cyrus - The LORD's appointed king.


Judgement on Babylon.


God is LORD of the Time.


Israel - a light to the nations.


Words of comfort to Jerusalem.

15I am the LORD your God, the LORD of Hosts is my name. I cleft the sea and its waves roared, 16that I might fix the heavens in place and form the earth and say to Zion, 'You are my people.' I have put my words in your mouth and kept you safe under the shelter of my hand.

The end of Jerusalem's suffering.


God will rescue Jerusalem.

3The LORD says, You were sold but no price was paid, and without payment you shall be ransomed. 4The Lord GOD says, At the beginning my people went down into Egypt to live there, and at the end it was the Assyrians who oppressed them; 5but now what do I find here? says the LORD. My people carried off and no price paid, their rulers derided, and my name reviled all day long, says the LORD. 6But on that day my people shall know my name; they shall know that it is I who speak; here I am.


The LORD's love for Israel.


God's offer of mercy.


ISAIAH 3. God's people will include all nations.


Israel's idolatry condemned.


True fasting.


The prophet condemns the people's sins.

21This, says the LORD, is my covenant, which I make with them: My spirit which rests on you and my words which I have put into your mouth shall never fail you from generation to generation of your descendants from now onward for ever. The LORD has said it.


The future glory of Jerusalem.

12For the nation or kingdom which refuses to serve you shall perish, and wide regions shall be laid utterly waste.


Good news of deliverance.


the LORD's victory over the nations.


God's punishment on the rebellious.


The LORD judges the nations.

Notes: This webpage enables you to select-a-version from the Bible versions held on the katapi bible database.
This page displays the New English Bible as flowing text.
The katapi New Study Bible reference section has been incorporated into the page as follows: Links to parallel passages show below passage headings. Links to Old Testament quotations in New Testament verses show after the verse number.
Quotations of OT passages by NT authors can in most cases be viewed within their context of the OT passage as a whole, with the quoted text displayed, against a subdued background.
Any mismatches, truncated verses, other mistakes ? Please e-mail me. © this page layout: Paul Ingram 2012.