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katapi HOME The Parable of the Vineyard and the Tenants: Mk.12.1-17  (Mt.21.20-22  Lk.20.9-19  Is.5.1-2  ) | NEB Index | notes
Mark: 12
1 He went on to speak to them in parables: 'A man planted a vineyard and put a wall round it, hewed out a winepress, and built a watch-tower; then he let it out to vine-growers and went abroad.
Matthew: 21
33 'Listen to another parable. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard: he put a wall round it, hewed out a winepress, and built a watch-tower; then he let it out to vine-growers and went abroad. 34 When the vintage season approached, he sent his servants to the tenants to collect the produce due to him. 35 But they took his servants and thrashed one, murdered another, and stoned a third. 36 Again, he sent other servants, this time a larger number; and they did the same to them. 37 At last he sent to them his son. "They will respect my son", he said. 38 But when they saw the son the tenants said to one another, "This is the heir; come on, let us kill him, and get his inheritance." 39 And they took him, flung him out of the vineyard, and murdered him. 40 When the owner of the vineyard comes, how do you think he will deal with those tenants?' 41 'He will bring those bad men to a bad end', they answered, 'and hand the vineyard over to other tenants, who will let him have his share of the crop when the season comes.' 42 Then Jesus said to them, 'Have you never read in the scriptures:
"The stone which the builders rejected has become the main corner-stone.
This is the Lord's doing, and it is wonderful in our eyes"? 43 Therefore, I tell you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you, and given to a nation that yields the proper fruit.'"
44 [Some manuscripts add: Any man who falls on this stone will be dashed to pieces; and if it falls on a man he will be crushed by it.] 45 When the chief priests and Pharisees heard his parables, they saw that he was referring to them; 46 they wanted to arrest him, but they were afraid of the people, who looked on Jesus as a prophet.
Luke: 20
9 He went on to tell the people this parable: 'A man planted a vineyard, let it out to vine-growers, and went abroad for a long time. 10 When the season came, he sent a servant to the tenants to collect from them his share of the produce; but the tenants thrashed him and sent him away empty-handed. 11 He tried again and sent a second servant; but he also was thrashed, outrageously treated, and sent away empty-handed. 12 He tried once more with a third; this one too they wounded and flung out. 13 Then the owner of the vineyard said, "What am I to do? I will send my own dear son; perhaps they will respect him." 14 But when the tenants saw him they talked it over together. "This is the heir," they said; "let us kill him so that the property may come to us." 15 So they flung him out of the vineyard and killed him. What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and put these tenants to death and let the vineyard to others.'
17 When they heard this, they said, 'God forbid!' But he looked straight at them and said, 'Then what does this text of Scripture mean: "The stone which the builders rejected has become the main corner-stone"? 18 Any man who falls on that stone will be dashed to pieces; and if it falls on a man he will be crushed by it.'
19 The lawyers and chief priests wanted to lay hands on him there and then, for they saw that this parable was aimed at them; but they were afraid of the people. 20 So they watched their opportunity and sent secret agents in the guise of honest men, to seize upon some word of his as a pretext for handing him over to the authority and jurisdiction of the Governor. 21 They put a question to him: 'Master,' they said, 'we know that what you speak and teach is sound; you pay deference to no one, but teach in all honesty the way of life that God requires. 22 Are we or are we not permitted to pay taxes to the Roman Emperor?' 23 He saw through their trick and said, 'Show me a silver piece. 24 Whose head does it bear, and whose inscription?' 'Caesar's', they replied. 25 'Very well then,' he said, 'pay Caesar what is due to Caesar, and pay God what is due to God.' 26 Thus their attempt to catch him out in public failed, and, astonished by his reply, they fell silent.
27 Then some Sadducees came forward. They are the people who deny that there is a resurrection. Their question was this: 28 'Master, Moses laid it down for us that if there are brothers, and one dies leaving a wife but no child, then the next should marry the widow and carry on his brother's family. 29 Now, there were seven brothers: the first took a wife and died childless; 30 then the second married her, 31 then the third. In this way the seven of them died leaving no children. 32 Afterwards the woman also died. 33 At the resurrection whose wife is she to be, since all seven had married her?' 34 Jesus said to them, 'The men and women of this world marry; 35 but those who have been judged worthy of a place in the other world and of the resurrection from the dead, do not marry, 36 for they are not subject to death any longer. They are like angels; they are sons of God, because they share in the resurrection. 37 That the dead are raised to life again is shown by Moses himself in the story of the burning bush, when he calls the Lord, "the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob". 38 God is not God of the dead but of the living; for him all are alive.'
39 At this some of the lawyers said, 'Well spoken, Master.' 40 For there was no further question that they ventured to put to him.
41 He said to them, 'How can they say that the Messiah is son of David? 42 For David himself says in the Book of Psalms: "The Lord said to my Lord, 'Sit at my right hand 43 until I make your enemies your footstool.' " 44 Thus David calls him "Lord"; how then can he be David's son?'
45 In the hearing of all the people Jesus said to his disciples: 46 'Beware of the lawyers who love to walk up and down in long robes, and have a great liking for respectful greetings in the street, the chief seats in our synagogues, and places of honour at feasts. 47 These are the men who eat up the property of widows, while they say long prayers for appearance' sake; and they will receive the severest sentence.'
1 He looked up and saw the rich people dropping their gifts into the chest of the temple treasury; 2 and he noticed a poor widow putting in two tiny coins. 3 'I tell you this,' he said: 'this poor widow has given more than any of them; 4 for those others who have given had more than enough, but she, with less than enough, has given all she had to live on.'
5 SOME PEOPLE WERE TALKING about the temple and the fine stones and votive offerings with which it was adorned. 6 He said, 'These things which you are gazing at-the time will come when not one stone of them will be left upon another: all will be thrown down.' 7 'Master,' they asked, 'when will it all come about? What will be the sign when it is due to happen?'
8 He said, 'Take care that you are not misled. For many will come claiming my name and saying, "I am he", and, "The Day is upon us." Do not follow them. 9 And when you hear of wars and insurrections, do not fall into a panic. These things are bound to happen first; but the end does not follow immediately. 10 Nation will make war upon nation, kingdom upon kingdom; 11 there will be great earthquakes, and famines and plagues in many places; in the sky terrors and great portents.
12 'But before all this happens they will set upon you and persecute you. You will be brought before synagogues and put in prison; you will be haled before kings and governors for your allegiance to me. 13 This will be your opportunity to testify; 14 so make up your minds not to prepare your defence beforehand, 15 because I myself will give you power of utterance and a wisdom which no opponent will be able to resist or refute. 16 Even your parents and brothers, your relations and friends, will betray you. Some of you will be put to death; 17 and you will be hated by all for your allegiance to me. 18 But not a hair of your head shall be lost. 19 By standing firm you will win true life for yourselves.
20 'But when you see Jerusalem encircled by armies, then you may be sure that her destruction is near. 21 Then those who are in Judaea must take to the hills; those who are in the city itself must leave it, and those who are out in the country must not enter; 22 because this is the time of retribution, when all that stands written is to be fulfilled. 23 Alas for women who are with child in those days, or have children at the breast! For there will be great distress in the land and a terrible judgement upon this people. 24 They will fall at the sword's point; they will be carried captive into all countries; and Jerusalem will be trampled down by foreigners until their day has run its course.
25 'Portents will appear in sun, moon, and stars. On earth nations will stand helpless, not knowing which way to turn from the roar and surge of the sea; 26 men will faint with terror at the thought of all that is coming upon the world; for the celestial powers will be shaken. 27 And then they will see the Son of Man coming on a cloud with great power and glory. 28 When all this begins to happen, stand upright and hold your heads high, because your liberation is near.'
29 He told them this parable: 'Look at the fig-tree, or any other tree. 30 As soon as it buds, you can see for yourselves that summer is near. 31 In the same way when you see all this happening, you may be sure that the kingdom of God is near.
32 'I tell you this: the present generation will live to see it all. 33 Heaven and earth will pass away; my words will never pass away.
34 'Keep a watch on yourselves; do not let your minds be dulled by dissipation and drunkenness and worldly cares so that the great Day closes upon you suddenly like a trap; 35 for that day will come on all men, wherever they are, the whole world over. 36 Be on the alert, praying at all times for strength to pass safely through all these imminent troubles and to stand in the presence of the Son of Man.'
37 His days were given to teaching in the temple; and then he would leave the city and spend the night on the hill called Olivet. 38 And in the early morning the people flocked to listen to him in the temple.

(Some manuscripts here insert the passage relating the woman taken in adultery: John 7.53-8.11.)
1 NOW THE FESTIVAL of Unleavened Bread, known as Passover, was approaching, 2 and the chief priests and the doctors of the law were trying to devise some means of doing away with him; for they were afraid of the people.
3 Then Satan entered into Judas Iscariot, who was one of the Twelve; 4 and Judas went to the chief priests and officers of the temple police to discuss ways and s means of putting Jesus into their power. 5 They were greatly pleased and undertook to pay him a sum of money. 6 He agreed, and began to look out for an opportunity to betray him to them without collecting a crowd.
7 Then came the day of Unleavened Bread, on which the Passover victim had to be slaughtered, 8 and Jesus sent Peter and John with these instructions: 'Go and prepare for our Passover supper.' 9 'Where would you like us to make the preparations?' they asked. 10 He replied, 'As soon as you set foot in the city a man will meet you carrying a jar of water. Follow him into the house that he enters 11 and give this message to the householder: "The Master says, 'Where is the room in which I may eat the Passover with my disciples ?'" 12 He will show you a large room upstairs all set out: make the preparations there.' 13 They went and found everything as he had said. So they prepared for Passover.
14 When the time came he took his place at table, and the apostles with him; and he said to them, 15 'How I have longed to eat this Passover with you before my death! 16 For I tell you, never again shall I eat it until the time when it finds its fulfilment in the kingdom of God.'
17 Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he said,
'Take this and share it among yourselves;
18 for I tell you, from this moment I shall drink from the fruit of the vine no more until the time when the kingdom of God comes.'
19 And he took bread, gave thanks, and broke it;
and he gave it to them, with the words:
'This is my body.'

[Some manuscripts add, in whole or in part, and with various arrangements, the following: 'which is given for you; do this as a memorial of me.'
20 In the same way he took the cup after supper, and said, 'This cup, poured out for you, is the new covenant sealed by my blood.']

21 'But mark this - my betrayer is here, his hand with mine on the table. 22 For the Son of Man is going his appointed way; but alas for that man by whom he is betrayed!' 23 At this they began to ask among themselves which of them it could possibly be who was to do this thing.

24 Then a jealous dispute broke out: who among them should rank highest? 25 But he said, 'In the world, kings lord it over their subjects; and those in authority are called their country's "Benefactors". 26 Not so with you: on the contrary, the highest among you must bear himself like the youngest, the chief of you like a servant. 27 For who is greater - the one who sits at table or the servant who waits on him? Surely the one who sits at table. Yet here am I among you like a servant.
28 'You are the men who have stood firmly by me in my times of trial; 29 and now I vest in you the kingship which my Father vested in me; 30 you shall eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones as judges of the twelve tribes of Israel.

31 'Simon, Simon, take heed: Satan has been given leave to sift all of you like wheat; 32 but for you I have prayed that your faith may not fail; and when you have come to yourself, you must lend strength to your brothers.' 33 'Lord,' he replied, 'I am ready to go with you to prison and death.' 34 Jesus said, 'I tell you, Peter, the cock will not crow tonight until you have three times over denied that you know me.'
35 He said to them, 'When I sent you out barefoot without purse or pack, were you ever short of anything?' 'No', they answered. 36 'It is different now,' he said; 'whoever has a purse had better take it with him, and his pack too; and if he has no sword, let him sell his cloak to buy one. 37 For Scripture says, "And he was counted among the outlaws", and these words, I tell you, must find fulfilment in me; indeed, all that is written of me is being fulfilled.' 38 'Look, Lord,' they said, 'we have two swords here.' 'Enough, enough!' he replied.

39 THEN HE WENT OUT and made his way as usual to the Mount of Olives, accompanied by the disciples. 40 When he reached the place he said to them, 'Pray that you may be spared the hour of testing.' 41 He himself withdrew from them about a stone's throw, knelt down, and began to pray: 42 'Father, if it be thy will, take this cup away from me. Yet not my will but thine be done.'
43 And now there appeared to him an angel from heaven bringing him strength, 44 and in anguish of spirit he prayed the more urgently; and his sweat was like clots of blood falling to the ground. 45 When he rose from prayer and came to the disciples he found them asleep, worn out by grief. 46 'Why are you sleeping?' he said. 'Rise and pray that you may be spared the test.'
47 WHILE HE WAS STILL SPEAKING a Crowd appeared with the man called Judas, one of the Twelve, at their head. 48 He came up to Jesus to kiss him; but Jesus said, 'Judas, would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?'
49 When his followers saw what was coming, they said, 'Lord, shall we use our swords?' 50 And one of them struck at the High Priest's servant, cutting off his right ear. 51 But Jesus answered, 'Let them have their way.' Then he touched the man's ear and healed him.
52 Turning to the chief priests, the officers of the temple police, and the elders, who had come to seize him, he said, 'Do you take me for a bandit, that you have come out with swords and cudgels to arrest me? 53 Day after day, when I was in the temple with you, you kept your hands off me. But this is your moment - the hour when darkness reigns.' 54 Then they arrested him and led him away. They brought him to the High Priest's house, and Peter followed at a distance. 55 They lit a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat round it, and Peter sat among them. 56 A serving-maid who saw him sitting in the firelight stared at him and said, 'This man was with him too.' 57 But he denied it: 'Woman,' he said, 'I do not know him.' 58 A little later someone else noticed him and said, 'You also are one of them.' 59 But Peter said to him, 'No, I am not.' About an hour passed and another spoke more strongly still: 'Of course this fellow was with him. He must have been; he is a Galilean.' 60 But Peter said, 'Man, I do not know what you are talking about.' At that moment, while he was still speaking, a cock crew; 61 and the Lord turned and looked straight at Peter. And Peter remembered the Lord's words, 'Tonight before the cock crows you will disown me three times.'
62 Some manuscripts add: He went outside, and wept bitterly, (as in Matthew 26. 75).

63 The men who were guarding Jesus mocked at him. 64 They beat him, they blindfolded him, and they kept asking him, 'Now, prophet, who hit you? Tell us that.' 65 And so they went on heaping insults upon him.
66 WHEN DAY BROKE, the elders of the nation, chief priests, and doctors of the law assembled, and he was brought before their Council. 67 'Tell us,' they said, 'are you the Messiah?' 'If I tell you,' he replied, 'you I will not believe me; 68 and if I ask questions, you will not answer. 69 But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of Almighty God.' 70 'You are the Son of God, then?' they all said, and he replied, 71 'It is you who say I am.' They said, 'Need we call further witnesses? We have heard it ourselves from his own lips.'
1 With that the whole assembly rose, and they brought him before Pilate. 2 They opened the case against him by saying, 'We found this man subverting our nation, opposing the payment of taxes to Caesar, and claiming to be Messiah, a king.' 3 Pilate asked him, 'Are you the king of the Jews?' He replied, 'The words are yours.' 4 Pilate then said to the chief priests and the crowd, 'I find no case for this man to answer.' 5 But they insisted: 'His teaching is causing disaffection among the people all through Judaea. It started from Galilee and has spread as far as this city.'
6 When Pilate heard this, he asked if the man was a Galilean, 7 and on learning that he belonged to Herod's jurisdiction he remitted the case to him, for Herod was also in Jerusalem at that time. 8 When Herod saw Jesus he was greatly pleased; having heard about him, he had long been wanting to see him, and had been hoping to see some miracle performed by him. 9 He questioned him at some length without getting any reply; 10 but the chief priests and lawyers appeared and pressed the case against him vigorously. 11 Then Herod and his troops treated him with contempt and ridicule, and sent him back to Pilate dressed in a gorgeous robe. 12 That same day Herod and Pilate became friends: till then there had been a standing feud between them.
13 Pilate now called together the chief priests, councillors, and people, 14 and said to them, 'You brought this man before me on a charge of subversion. But, as you see, I have myself examined him in your presence and found nothing in him to support your charges. 15 No is more did Herod, for he has referred him back to us. Clearly he has done nothing to deserve death. 16 I therefore propose to let him off with a flogging.' 17 Some manuscripts read: At festival time he was obliged to release one person for them; 18 and now ... 18 But there is was a general outcry, 'Away with him! Give us Barabbas.' 19 (This man had been put in prison for a rising that had taken place in the city, and for murder.) 20 Pilate addressed them again, in his desire to release Jesus, 21 but they shouted back, 'Crucify him, crucify him!' 22 For the third time he spoke to them: 'Why, what wrong has he done? I have not found him guilty of any capital offence. I will therefore let him off with a flogging.' 23 But they insisted on their demand, shouting that Jesus should be crucified. Their shouts prevailed 24 and Pilate decided that they should have their way. 25 He released the man they asked for, the man who had been put in prison for insurrection and murder, and gave Jesus up to their will.
26 AS THEY LED HIM AWAY to execution they seized upon a man called Simon, from Cyrene, on his way in from the country, put the cross on his back, and made him walk behind Jesus carrying it.
27 Great numbers of people followed, many women among them, who mourned and lamented over him. 28 Jesus turned to them and said, 'Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; no, weep for yourselves and your children. 29 For the days are surely coming when they will say, "Happy are the barren, the wombs that never bore a child, the breasts that never fed one." 30 Then they will start saying to the mountains, "Fall on us", and to the hills, "Cover us." 31 For if these things are done when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?'
32 There were two others with him, criminals who were being led away to execution; 33 and when they reached the place called The Skull, they crucified him there, and the criminals with him, one on his right and the other on his left. 34 Jesus said, 'Father, forgive them; they do not know what they are doing.'

They divided his clothes among them by casting lots. 35 The people stood looking on, and their rulers jeered at him: 'He saved others: now let him save himself, if this is God's Anointed, his Chosen.' 36 The soldiers joined in the mockery and came forward offering him their sour wine. 37 'If you are the king of the Jews,' they said, 'save yourself.' 38 There was an inscription above his head which ran: 'This is the king of the Jews.'
39 One of the criminals who hung there with him taunted him: 'Are not you the Messiah? Save yourself, and us.' 40 But the other answered sharply, 'Have you no fear of God? You are under the same sentence as he. 41 For us it is plain justice; we are paying the price for our misdeeds; but this man has done nothing wrong.' 42 And he said, 'Jesus, remember me when you come to your throne.' 43 He answered, 'I tell you this: today you shall be with me in Paradise.'
44 By now it was about midday and there came a darkness over the whole land, which lasted until three in the afternoon; the sun was in eclipse. 45 And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46 Then Jesus gave a loud cry and said, 'Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit'; and with these words he died. 47 The centurion saw it all, and gave praise to God. 'Beyond all doubt', he said, 'this man was innocent.'
48 The crowd who had assembled for the spectacle, when they saw what had happened, went home beating their breasts.
49 HIS FRIENDS had all been standing at a distance; the women who had accompanied him from Galilee stood with them and watched it all.
50 Now there was a man called Joseph, a member of so the Council, a good, upright man, 51 who had dissented from their policy and the action they had taken. He came from the Jewish town of Arimathaea, and he was one who looked forward to the kingdom of God. 52 This man now approached Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 Taking it down from the cross, he wrapped it in a linen sheet, and laid it in a tomb cut out of the rock, in which no one had been laid before. 54 It was Friday, and the Sabbath was about to begin.
55 The women who had accompanied him from Galilee followed; they took note of the tomb and observed how his body was laid. 56 Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes; and on the Sabbath they rested in obedience to the commandment. 1 But on the Sunday morning very early they came to the tomb bringing the spices they had prepared. 2 Finding that the stone had been rolled away from the tomb, 3 they went inside; but the body was not to be found. 4 While they stood utterly at a loss, all of a sudden two men in dazzling garments were at their side. 5 They were terrified, and stood with eyes cast down, but the men said, 'Why search among the dead for one who lives? 6 Remember what he told you while he was still in Galilee, about the Son of Man: 7 how he must be given up into the power of sinful men and be crucified, and must rise again on the third day.' 8 Then they recalled his words 9 and, returning from the tomb, they reported all this to the Eleven and all the others.
10 The women were Mary of Magdala, Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and they, with the other women, told the apostles. 11 But the story appeared to them to be nonsense, and they would not believe them."
12 Some manuscripts add: Peter, however, got up and ran to the tomb, and, peering in, saw the wrappings and nothing more; and he went home amazed at what had happened.
13 THAT SAME DAY two of them were on their way to a village called Emmaus, which lay about seven miles from Jerusalem, 14 and they were talking together about all these happenings. 15 As they talked and discussed it with one another, Jesus himself came up and walked along with them; 16 but something held their eyes from seeing who it was. 17 He asked them, 'What is it you are debating as you walk?' They halted, their is faces full of gloom, 18 and one, called Cleopas, answered, 'Are you the only person staying in Jerusalem not to know what has happened there in the last few days?' 19 'What do you mean?' he said. 'All this about Jesus of Nazareth,' they replied, 'a prophet powerful in speech and action before God and the whole people; 20 how our chief priests and rulers handed him over to be sentenced to death, and crucified him. 21 But we had been hoping that he was the man to liberate Israel. What is more, this is the third day since it happened, 22 and now some women of our company have astounded us: they went early to the tomb, 23 but failed to find his body, and returned with a story that they had seen a vision of angels who told them he was alive. 24 So some of our people went to the tomb and found things just as the women had said; but him they did not see.'
25 'How dull you are!' he answered. 'How slow to believe all that the prophets said! 26 Was the Messiah not bound to suffer thus before entering upon his glory?' 27 Then he began with Moses and all the prophets, and explained to them the passages which referred to himself in every part of the scriptures.
28 By this time they had reached the village to which they were going, and he made as if to continue his journey, 29 but they pressed him: 'Stay with us, for evening draws on, and the day is almost over.' So he went in to stay with them. 30 And when he had sat down with them at table, he took bread and said the blessing; he broke the bread, and offered it to them. 31 Then their eyes were opened, and they recognized him; and he vanished from their sight. 32 They said to one another, 'Did we not feel our hearts on fire as he talked with us on the road and explained the scriptures to us?'
33 Without a moment's delay they set out and returned to Jerusalem. There they found that the Eleven and the rest of the company had assembled, 34 and were saying, 'It is true: the Lord has risen; he has appeared to Simon.' 35 Then they gave their account of the events of their journey and told how he had been recognized by them at the breaking of the bread.
36 As they were talking about all this, there he was, standing among them. 37 Startled and terrified, they thought they were seeing a ghost. 38 But he said, 'Why are you so perturbed? Why do questionings arise in your minds? 39 Look at my hands and feet. It is I myself. Touch me and see; no ghost has flesh and bones as you can see that I have.'" 40 Some manuscripts insert: After saying this he showed them his hands and feet. - Some manuscripts add: and was carried up into heaven. 41 They were still unconvinced, still wondering, for it seemed too good to be true. So he asked them, 'Have you anything here to eat?' 42 They offered him a piece of fish they had cooked, 43 which he took and ate before their eyes.
44 And he said to them, 'This is what I meant by saying, while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and in the prophets and psalms was bound to be fulfilled.' 45 Then he opened their minds to understand the scriptures. 46 'This', he said, 'is what is written: that the Messiah is to suffer death and to rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and that in his name repentance bringing the forgiveness of sins is to be proclaimed to all nations. Begin from Jerusalem: 48 it is you who are the witnesses to all this. 49 And mark this: I am sending upon you my Father's promised gift; so stay here in this city until you are armed with the power from above.'
50 Then he led them out as far as Bethany, and blessed them with uplifted hands; 51 and in the act of blessing he parted from them. 52 And they returned to Jerusalem with great joy, 53 and spent all their time in the temple praising God. 1 WHEN ALL THINGS BEGAN,
the Word already was.
The Word dwelt with God,
and what God was, the Word was.
2 The Word, then, was with God at the beginning,
3 and through him all things came to be;
no single thing was created without him.
4 All that came to be was alive with his life,
and that life was the light of men.
5 The light shines on in the dark,
and the darkness has never quenched it.
6 There appeared a man named John, sent from God;
7 he came as a witness to testify to the light,
that all might become believers through him.
8 He was not himself the light;
he came to bear witness to the light.
9 The real light which enlightens every man
was even then coming into the world.
10 He was in the world;
but the world, though it owed its being to him,
did not recognize him.
11 He entered his own realm,
and his own would not receive him.
12 But to all who did receive him,
to those who have yielded him their allegiance,
he gave the right to become children of God,
13 not born of any human stock,
or by the fleshly desire of a human father,
but the offspring of God himself.
14 So the Word became flesh;
he came to dwell among us,
and we saw his glory,
such glory as befits the Father's only Son,
full of grace and truth. 15 Here is John's testimony to him:
he cried aloud,
'This is the man I meant when I said,
"He comes after me, but takes rank before me";
for before I was born, he already was.'
16 Out of his full store we have all received grace upon grace;
17 for while the Law was given through Moses,
grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
18 No one has ever seen God;
but God's only Son,
he who is nearest to the Father's heart,
he has made him known.
19 THIS IS THE TESTIMONY which John gave when the Jews of Jerusalem sent a deputation of priests and Levites to ask him who he was. 20 He confessed without reserve and avowed, 'I am not the Messiah.' 21 'What then? Are you Elijah?' 'No', he replied. 'Are you the prophet we await?' He answered 'No.' 22 'Then who are you ?' they asked. 'We must give an answer to those who sent us. What account do you give of yourself?' 23 He answered in the words of the prophet Isaiah: 'I am a voice crying aloud in the wilderness, "Make the Lord's highway straight." '
24 Some Pharisees who were in the deputation 25 asked him, 'If you are not the Messiah, nor Elijah, nor the prophet, why then are you baptizing?' 26 'I baptize in water,' John replied, 'but among you, though you do not know him, stands the one 27 who is to come after me. I am not good enough to unfasten his shoes.' 28 This took place at Bethany beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing.
29 The next day he saw Jesus coming towards him. 'Look,' he said, 'there is the Lamb of God; it is he who takes away the sin of the world. 30 This is he of whom I spoke when I said, "After me a man is coming who takes rank before me"; for before I was born, he already was. 31 I myself did not know who he was; but the very reason why I came, baptizing in water, was that he might be revealed to Israel.'
32 John testified further: 'I saw the Spirit coming down from heaven like a dove and resting upon him. 33 I did not know him, but he who sent me to baptize in water had told me, "When you see the Spirit coming down upon someone and resting upon him you will know that this is he who is to baptize in Holy Spirit." 34 I saw it myself, and I have borne witness. This is God's Chosen One.'
35 The next day again John was standing with two of his disciples when Jesus passed by. 36 John looked towards him and said, 'There is the Lamb of God.' 37 The two disciples heard him say this, and followed Jesus. 38 When he turned and saw them following him, he asked, 'What are you looking for?' They said, 'Rabbi' (which means a teacher), 'where are you staying?' 'Come and see', he replied. 39 So they went and saw where he was staying, and spent the rest of the day with him. It was then about four in the afternoon.
40 One of the two who followed Jesus after hearing what John said was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. 41 The first thing he did was to find his brother Simon. He said to him, 'We have found the Messiah' (which is the Hebrew for 'Christ'). 42 He brought Simon to Jesus, who looked him in the face, and said, 'You are Simon, son of John. You shall be called Cephas' (that is, Peter, the Rock).
43 (43-44)The next day Jesus decided to leave for Galilee. He met Philip, who, like Andrew and Peter, came from Bethsaida, and said to him, 'Follow me.' 45 Philip went to find Nathanael, and told him, 'We have met the man spoken of by Moses in the Law, and by the prophets: it is Jesus son of Joseph, from Nazareth.' 'Nazareth!' 46 Nathanael exclaimed; 'can anything good come from Nazareth?' Philip said, 'Come and see.' 47 When Jesus saw Nathanael coming, he said, 'Here is an Israelite worthy of the name; there is nothing false in him.' 48 Nathanael asked him, 'How do you come to know me?' Jesus replied, 'I saw you under the fig-tree before Philip spoke to you.' 49 'Rabbi,' said Nathanael, 'you are the Son of God; you are king of Israel.' 50 so Jesus answered, 'Is this the ground of your faith, that I told you I saw you under the fig-tree? You shall see greater things than that.' 51 Then he added, 'In truth, in very truth I tell you all, you shall see heaven wide open, and God's angels ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.'
1 ON THE THIRD DAY there was a wedding at Cana-in-Galilee. The mother of Jesus was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples were guests also. 3 The wine gave out, so Jesus's mother said to him, 4 'They have no wine left.' He answered, 'Your concern, 5 mother, is not mine. My hour has not yet come.' His mother said to the servants, 'Do whatever he tells e you.' 6 There were six stone water-jars standing near, of the kind used for Jewish rites of purification; each held from twenty to thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said to the servants, 'Fill the jars with water', and they filled them to the brim. 8 'Now draw some off', he ordered, 'and take it to the steward of the feast'; and they did so. 9 The steward tasted the water now turned into wine, not knowing its source; though the servants who had drawn the water knew. He hailed the bridegroom 10 and said, 'Everyone serves the best wine first, and waits until the guests have drunk freely before serving the poorer sort; but you have kept the best wine till now.'
11 This deed at Cana-in-Galilee is the first of the signs by which Jesus revealed his glory and led his disciples to believe in him.
12 AFTER THIS he went down to Capernaum in company with his mother, his brothers, and his disciples, but they did not stay there long. 13 As it was near the time of the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 There he found in the temple the dealers in cattle, sheep, and pigeons, and the money-changers seated at their tables. 15 Jesus made a whip of cords and drove them out of the temple, sheep, cattle, and all. He upset the tables of the money-changers, scattering their coins. 16 Then he turned on the dealers in pigeons: 'Take them out,' he said; 'you must not turn my Father's house into a market.' 17 His disciples recalled the words of Scripture, 'Zeal for thy house shall destroy me.' 18 The Jews challenged Jesus: 'What sign', they asked, 'can you show as authority for your action?' 19 'Destroy this temple,' Jesus replied, 'and in three days I will raise it again.' 20 They said, 'It has taken forty-six years to build this temple. Are you going to raise it again in three days?' 21 But the temple he was speaking of was his body. 22 After his resurrection his disciples recalled what he had said, and they believed the Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.
23 WHILE HE WAS in Jerusalem for Passover many gave their allegiance to him when they saw the signs that he performed. 24 But Jesus for his part would not trust himself to them. He knew men so well, all of them, 25 that he needed no evidence from others about a man, for he himself could tell what was in a man.
1 THERE WAS ONE of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a member of the Jewish Council, 2 who came to Jesus by night. 'Rabbi,' he said, 'we know that you are a teacher sent by God; no one could perform these signs of yours unless God were with him.' 3 Jesus answered, 'In truth, in very truth I tell you, unless a man has been bom over again he cannot see the kingdom of God.' 4 'But how is it possible', said Nicodemus, 'for a man to be bom when he is old? Can he enter his mother's womb a second time and be born?' 5 Jesus answered, 'In truth I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born from water and spirit. 6 Flesh can give birth only to flesh; it is spirit that gives birth to spirit. 7 You ought not to be astonished, then, when I tell you that you must be born over again. 8 The wind [a] blows where it wills; you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from, or where it is going. So with everyone who is born from spirit.' [a] - [a.A single Greek word with both meanings.]
9 Nicodemus replied, 'How is this possible?' 10 'What!' said Jesus. 'Is this famous teacher of Israel ignorant of such things? 11 In very truth I tell you, we speak of what we know, and testify to what we have seen, and yet you all reject our testimony. 12 If you disbelieve me when I talk to you about things on earth, how are you to believe if I should talk about the things of heaven?
13 'No one ever went up into heaven except the one who came down from heaven, the Son of Man whose home is in heaven. 14 This Son of Man must be lifted up as the serpent was lifted up by Moses in the wilderness, 15 so that everyone who has faith in him may in him possess eternal life.
16 'God loved the world so much that he gave his only Son, that everyone who has faith in him may not die but have eternal life. 17 It was not to judge the world that God sent his Son into the world, but that through him the world might be saved.
18 'The man who puts his faith in him does not come under judgement; but the unbeliever has already been judged in that he has not given his allegiance to God's only Son. 19 Here lies the test: the light has come into the world, but men preferred darkness to light because their deeds were evil. 20 Bad men all hate the light and avoid it, for fear their practices should be shown up. 21 The honest man comes to the light so that it may be clearly seen that God is in all he does.'
22 AFTER THIS, Jesus went into Judaea with his disciples, stayed there with them, and baptized. 23 John too was baptizing at Aenon, near to Salim, because water was plentiful in that region; and people were constantly coming for baptism. 24 This was before John's imprisonment.
25 Some of John's disciples had fallen into a dispute with Jews about purification; 26 so they came to him and said, 'Rabbi, there was a man with you on the other side of the Jordan, to whom you bore your witness. Here he is, baptizing, and crowds are flocking to him.' 27 John's answer was: 'A man can have only what God gives him. 28 You yourselves can testify that I said, "I am not the Messiah; I have been sent as his forerunner." 29 It is the bridegroom to whom the bride belongs. The bridegroom's friend, who stands by and listens to him, is overjoyed at hearing the bridegroom's voice. This joy, this perfect joy, is now mine. 30 As he grows greater, I must grow less.'
31 He who comes from above is above all others; he who is from the earth belongs to the earth and uses earthly speech. 32 He who comes from heaven bears witness to what he has seen and heard, yet no one accepts his witness. 33 To accept his witness is to attest that God speaks true; 34 for he whom God sent utters the words of God, so measureless is God's gift of the Spirit. 35 The Father loves the Son and has entrusted him with all authority. 36 He who puts his faith in the Son has hold of eternal life, but he who disobeys the Son shall not see that life; God's wrath rests upon him.
1 A REPORT NOW REACHED the Pharisees: 'Jesus is winning and baptizing more disciples than John'; 2 although, in fact, it was only the disciples who were baptizing and not Jesus himself. 3 When Jesus learned this, he left Judaea and set out once more for Galilee. 4 He had to pass through Samaria, 5 and on his way came to a Samaritan town called Sychar, near the plot of ground which Jacob gave to his son Joseph 6 and the spring called Jacob's well. It was about noon, and Jesus, tired after his journey, sat down by the well.
7 (8) The disciples had gone away to the town to buy food. 8 (7) Meanwhile a Samaritan woman came to draw water. 9 Jesus said to her, 'Give me a drink.' The Samaritan woman said, 'What! You, a Jew, ask a drink of me, a Samaritan woman?' (Jews and Samaritans, it should be noted, do not use vessels in common.) 10 Jesus answered her, 'If only you knew what God gives, and who it is that is asking you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.' 11 'Sir,' the woman said, 'you have no bucket and this well is deep. How can you give me "living water"? 12 Are you a greater man than Jacob our ancestor, who gave us the well, and drank from it himself, he and his sons, and his cattle too?' 13 Jesus said, 'Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, 14 but whoever drinks the water that I shall give him will never suffer thirst any more. The water that I shall give him will be an inner spring always welling up for eternal life.' 15 'Sir,' said the woman, 'give me that water, and then I shall not be thirsty, nor have to come all this way to draw.'
16 Jesus replied, 'Go home, call your husband and come back.' 17 She answered, 'I have no husband.' 'You are right', said Jesus, 'in saying that you have no husband, 18 for, although you have had five husbands, the man with whom you are now living is not your husband; you told me the truth there.' 19 'Sir,' she replied, 'I can see that you are a prophet. 20 Our fathers worshipped on this mountain, but you Jews say that the temple where God should be worshipped is in Jerusalem.' 21 'Believe me,' said Jesus, 'the time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain, nor in Jerusalem. 22 You Samaritans worship without knowing what you worship, while we worship what we know. It is from the Jews that salvation comes. 23 But the time approaches, indeed it is already here, when those who are real worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and in truth. Such are the worshippers whom the Father wants. 24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and in truth.' 25 The woman answered, 'I know that Messiah' (that is Christ) 'is coming. When he comes he will tell us everything.' 26 Jesus said, 'I am he, I who am speaking to you now.'
27 At that moment his disciples returned, and were astonished to find him talking with a woman; but none of them said, 'What do you want?' or, 'Why are you talking with her?' 28 The woman put down her water-jar and went away to the town, where she said to the people, 29 'Come and see a man who has told me everything I ever did. Could this be the Messiah?' 30 They came out of the town and made their way towards him.
31 Meanwhile the disciples were urging him, 'Rabbi, have something to eat.' 32 But he said, 'I have food to eat of which you know nothing.' 33 At this the disciples said to one another, 'Can someone have brought him food?' 34 But Jesus said, 'It is meat and drink for me to do the will of him who sent me until I have finished his work.
35 'Do you not say, "Four months more and then comes harvest"? But look, I tell you, look round on the fields; they are already white, ripe for harvest. 36 The reaper is drawing his pay and gathering a crop for eternal life, so that sower and reaper may rejoice together. 37 That is how the saying comes true: "One sows, and another reaps." 38 I sent you to reap a crop for which you have not toiled. Others toiled and you have come in for the harvest of their toil.'
39 Many Samaritans of that town came to believe in him because of the woman's testimony: 'He told me 40 everything I ever did.' So when these Samaritans had come to him they pressed him to stay with them; and 41 he stayed there two days. Many more became believers because of what they heard from his own lips. 42 They told the woman, 'It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard him ourselves; and we know that this is in truth the Saviour of the world.'
43 WHEN THE TWO DAYS were over he set out for Galilee; 44 for Jesus himself declared that a prophet is without honour in his own country. 45 On his arrival in Galilee the Galileans gave him a welcome, because they had seen all that he did at the festival in Jerusalem; they had been at the festival themselves.
46 Once again he visited Cana-in-Galilee, where he had turned the water into wine. An officer in the royal service was there, whose son was lying ill at Capernaum. 47 When he heard that Jesus had come from Judaea into Galilee, he came to him and begged him to go down and cure his son, who was at the point of death. 48 Jesus said to him, 'Will none of you ever believe without seeing signs and portents?' 49 The officer pleaded with him, 'Sir, come down before my boy dies.' 50 Then Jesus said, 'Return home; your son will live.' The man believed what Jesus said and started for home. 51 When he was on his way down his servants met him with the news, 'Your boy is going to live.' 52 So he asked them what time it was when he got better. They said, 'Yesterday at one in the afternoon the fever left him.' 53 The father noted that this was the exact time when Jesus had said to him, 'Your son will live', and he and all his household became believers.
54 This was now the second sign which Jesus performed after coming down from Judaea into Galilee.
1 LATER ON JESUS WENT UP to Jerusalem for one of the Jewish festivals. 2 Now at the Sheep-Pool in Jerusalem there is a place with five colonnades. Its name in the language of the Jews is Bethesda. 3 In these colonnades there lay a crowd of sick people, blind, lame, and paralysed.

[Some manuscripts add: waiting for the disturbance of the water;] 4 [some further insert: for from time to time an angel came down into the pool and stirred up the water. The first to plunge in after this disturbance recovered from whatever disease had afflicted him.] 5 Among them was a man who had been crippled for thirty-eight years. 6 When Jesus saw him lying there and was aware that he had been ill a long time, he asked him, 'Do you want to recover?' 7 'Sir,' he replied, 'I have no one to put me in the pool when the water is disturbed, but while I am moving, someone else is in the pool before me.' 8 Jesus answered, 'Rise to your feet, take up your bed and walk.' 9 The man recovered instantly, took up his stretcher, and began to walk.
10 That day was a Sabbath. So the Jews said to the man who had been cured, 'It is the Sabbath. You are not allowed to carry your bed on the Sabbath.' 11 He answered, 'The man who cured me said, "Take up your bed and walk." ' 12 They asked him, 'Who is the man who told you to take up your bed and walk?' 13 But the cripple who had been cured did not know; for the place was crowded and Jesus had slipped away. 14 A little later Jesus found him in the temple and said to him, 'Now that you are well again, leave your sinful ways, or you may suffer something worse.' 15 The man went away and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had cured him.
16 It was works of this kind done on the Sabbath that stirred the Jews to persecute Jesus. 17 He defended himself by saying, 'My Father has never yet ceased his is work, and I am working too.' 18 This made the Jews still more determined to kill him, because he was not only breaking the Sabbath, but, by calling God his own Father, he claimed equality with God.
19 To this charge Jesus replied, 'In truth, in very truth I tell you, the Son can do nothing by himself; he does only what he sees the Father doing: what the Father does, the Son does. 20 For the Father loves the Son and shows him all his works, and will show greater yet, to fill you with wonder. 21 As the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so the Son gives life to men, as he determines. 22 And again, the Father does not judge anyone, but has given full jurisdiction to the Son; 23 it is his will that all should pay the same honour to the Son as to the Father. To deny honour to the Son is to deny it to the Father who sent him.
24 'In very truth, anyone who gives heed to what I say and puts his trust in him who sent me has hold of eternal life, and does not come up for judgement, but has already passed from death to life. 25 In truth, in very truth I tell you, a time is coming, indeed it is already here, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and all who hear shall come to life. 26 For as the Father has life-giving power in himself, so has the Son, by the Father's gift.
27 'As Son of Man, he has also been given the right to pass judgement. 28 Do not wonder at this, because the time is coming when all who are in the grave shall hear his voice and move forth: 29 those who have done right will rise to life; those who have done wrong will rise to hear their doom. 30 I cannot act by myself; I judge as I am bidden, and my verdict is just, because my aim is not my own will, but the will of him who sent me.
31 'If I testify on my own behalf, that testimony does not hold good. 32 There is another who bears witness for me, and I know that his testimony holds. 33 Your messengers have been to John; you have his testimony to the truth. 34 Not that I rely on human testimony, but I remind you of it for your own salvation. 35 John was a lamp, burning brightly, and for a time you were ready to exult in his light. 36 But I rely on a testimony higher than John's. There is enough to testify that the Father has sent me, in the works my Father gave me to do and to finish - the very works I have in hand. 37 This testimony to me was given by the Father who sent me, although you never heard his voice, or saw his form. 38 But his word has found no home in you, for you do not believe the one whom he sent. 39 You study the scriptures diligently, supposing that in having them you have eternal life; yet, although their testimony points to me, 40 you refuse to come to me for that life.
41 'I do not look to men for honour, 42 But with you it is different, as I know well, for you have no love for God in you. 43 I have come accredited by my Father, and you have no welcome for me; if another comes self-accredited you will welcome him. 44 How can you have faith so long as you receive honour from one another, and care nothing for the honour that comes from him who alone is God? 45 Do not imagine that I shall be your accuser at God's tribunal. Your accuser is Moses, the very Moses on whom you have set your hope. 46 If you believed Moses you would believe what I tell you, for it was about me that he wrote. 47 But if you do not believe what he wrote, how are you to believe what I say?'
1 SOME TIME LATER Jesus withdrew to the farther shore of the Sea of Galilee (or Tiberias), 2 and a large crowd of people followed who had seen the signs he performed in healing the sick. 3 Then Jesus went up the hill-side and sat down with his disciples. 4 It was near the time of Passover, the great Jewish festival. 5 Raising his eyes and seeing a large crowd coming towards him, Jesus said to Philip, 'Where are we to buy bread to feed these people?' 6 This he said to test him; Jesus himself knew what he meant to do. 7 Philip replied, 'Twenty pounds would not buy enough bread for every one of them to have a little.' 8 One of his disciples, Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, said to him, 9 'There is a boy here who has five barley loaves and two fishes; but what is that among so many?' 10 Jesus said, 'Make the people sit down.' There was plenty of grass there, so the men sat down, about five thousand of them. 11 Then Jesus took the loaves, gave thanks, and distributed them to the people as they sat there. He did the same with the fishes, and they had as much as they wanted. 12 When everyone had had enough, he said to his disciples, 'Collect the pieces left over, so that nothing may be lost.' 13 This they did, and filled twelve baskets with the pieces left uneaten of the five barley loaves.
14 When the people saw the sign Jesus had performed, the word went round, 'Surely this must be the prophet that was to come into the world.' 15 Jesus, aware that they meant to come and seize him to proclaim him king, withdrew again to the hills by himself.
16 At nightfall his disciples went down to the sea, got into their boat, 17 and pushed off to cross the water to Capernaum. Darkness had already fallen, and Jesus is had not yet joined them. 18 By now a strong wind was blowing and the sea grew rough. 19 When they had rowed three or four miles they saw Jesus walking on the sea and approaching the boat. They were terrified, 20 but he called out, 'It is I; do not be afraid.' 21 Then they were ready to take him aboard, and immediately the boat reached the land they were making for.
22 NEXT MORNING the crowd was standing on the opposite shore. They had seen only one boat there, and Jesus, they knew, had not embarked with his disciples, who had gone away without him. 23 Boats from Tiberias, however, came ashore near the place where the people had eaten the bread over which the Lord gave thanks. 24 When the people saw that neither Jesus nor his disciples were any longer there, they themselves went aboard these boats and made fur Capernaum in search of Jesus. 25 They found him on the other side. 'Rabbi,' they said, 'when did you come here?' 26 Jesus replied, 'In very truth I know that you have come looking for me because your hunger was satisfied with the loaves you ate, not because you saw signs. 27 You must work, not for this perishable food, but for the food that lasts, the food of eternal life.

'This food the Son of Man will give you, for he it is upon whom the Father has set the seal of his authority.' 28 'Then what must we do', they asked him, 'if we are to work as God would have us work?' 29 Jesus replied, 'This is the work that God requires: believe in the one whom he has sent.'
30 They said, 'What sign can you give us to see, so that we may believe you? What is the work you do? 31 Our ancestors had manna to eat in the desert, as Scripture says, "He gave them bread from heaven to eat."' 32 Jesus answered, 'I tell you this: the truth is, not that Moses gave you the bread from heaven, but that my Father gives you the real bread from heaven. 33 The bread that God gives comes down from heaven and brings life to the world.' 34 They said to him, 'Sir, give us this bread now and always.' 35 Jesus said to them, 'I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me shall never be hungry, and whoever believes in me shall never be thirsty. 36 But you, as I said, do not believe although you have seen. 37 All that the Father gives me will come to me, and the man who comes to me I will never turn away. 38 I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me. 39 It is his will that I should not lose even one of all that he has given me, but raise them all up on the last day. 40 For it is my Father's will that everyone who looks upon the Son and puts his faith in him shall possess eternal life; and I will raise him up on the last day.'
41 At this the Jews began to murmur disapprovingly because he said, 'I am the bread which came down from heaven.' 42 They said, 'Surely this is Jesus son of Joseph; we know his father and mother. How can he now say, "I have come down from heaven"?' 43 Jesus answered, 'Stop murmuring among yourselves. 44 No man can come to me unless he is drawn by the Father who sent me; and I will raise him up on the last day. 45 It is written in the prophets: "And they shall all be taught by God." Everyone who has listened to the Father and learned from him comes to me.
46 'I do not mean that anyone has seen the Father. He who has come from God has seen the Father, and he alone. 47 In truth, in very truth I tell you, the believer possesses eternal life. 48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your forefathers ate the manna in the desert and they are dead. 50 I am speaking of the bread that comes down from heaven, which a man may eat, and never die. 51 I am that living bread which has come down from heaven: if anyone eats this bread he shall live for ever. Moreover, the bread which I will give is my own flesh; I give it for the life of the world.'
52 This led to a fierce dispute among the Jews. 'How can this man give us his flesh to eat?' they said. 53 Jesus replied, 'In truth, in very truth I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood you can have no life in you. 54 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood possesses eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. 55 My flesh is real food; my blood is real drink. 56 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood dwells continually in me and I dwell in him. 57 As the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father, so he who eats me shall live because of me. 58 This is the bread which came down from heaven; and it is not like the bread which our fathers ate: they are dead, but whoever eats this bread shall live for ever,'
59 THIS WAS SPOKEN in synagogue when Jesus was teaching in Capernaum. 60 Many of his disciples on hearing it exclaimed, 'This is more than we can stomach! Why listen to such words?' 61 Jesus was aware that his disciples were murmuring about it and asked them, 'Does this shock you? 62 What if you see the Son of Man ascending to the place where he was before? 63 The spirit alone gives life; the flesh is of no avail; the words which I have spoken to you are both spirit and life. 64 And yet there are some of you who have no faith.' For Jesus knew all along who were without faith and who was to betray him. 65 So he said, 'This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless it has been granted to him by the Father.'
66 From that time on, many of his disciples withdrew and no longer went about with him. 67 So Jesus asked the Twelve, 'Do you also want to leave me?' 68 Simon Peter answered him, 'Lord, to whom shall we go? Your words are words of eternal life. 69 We have faith, and we know that you are the Holy One of God.' 70 Jesus answered, 'Have I not chosen you, all twelve? 71 Yet one of you is a devil.' He meant Judas, son of Simon Iscariot. He it was who would betray him, and he was one of the Twelve.
1 AFTERWARDS JESUS went about in Galilee. He wished to avoid Judaea because the Jews were looking for a chance to kill him. 2 As the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was close at hand, 3 his brothers said to him, 'You should leave this district and go into Judaea, so that your disciples there may see the great things you are doing. 4 Surely no one can hope to be in the public eye if he works in seclusion. If you really are doing such things as these, show yourself to the world.' 5 For even his brothers were not believers in him. 6 Jesus said to them, 'The right time for me has not yet come, but any time is right for you. 7 The world cannot hate you, but it hates me for exposing the wickedness of its ways. 8 Go to the festival yourselves. I am not going up to this festival because the right time for me has not yet come.' 9 With this answer he stayed behind in Galilee.
10 Later, when his brothers had gone to the festival, he went up himself, not publicly, but almost in secret. 11 The Jews were looking for him at the festival and asking, 'Where is he?', 12 and there was much whispering about him in the crowds. 'He is a good man', said some. 'No,' said others, 'he is leading the people astray.' 13 However, no one talked about him openly, for fear of the Jews.
14 WHEN THE FESTIVAL was already half over, Jesus went up to the temple and began to teach. 15 The Jews were astonished: 'How is it', they said, 'that this untrained man has such learning?' 16 Jesus replied, 'The teaching that I give is not my own; it is the teaching of him who sent me. 17 Whoever has the will to do the will of God shall know whether my teaching comes from him or is merely my own. 18 Anyone whose teaching is merely his own, aims at honour for himself. But if a man aims at the honour of him who sent him he is sincere, and there is nothing false in him.
19 'Did not Moses give you the Law? Yet you all break it. Why are you trying to kill me?' 20 The crowd answered, 'You are possessed! Who wants to kill you?' 21 Jesus replied, 'Once only have I done work on the Sabbath, and you are all taken aback. 22 But consider: Moses gave you the law of circumcision (not that it originated with Moses but with the patriarchs) and you circumcise on the Sabbath. 23 Well then, if a child is circumcised on the Sabbath to avoid breaking the Law of Moses, why are you indignant with me for giving health on the Sabbath to the whole of a man's body? 24 Do not judge superficially, but be just in your judgements.'
25 At this some of the people of Jerusalem began to say, 'Is not this the man they want to put to death? 26 And here he is, speaking openly, and they have not a word to say to him. Can it be that our rulers have actually decided that this is the Messiah? 27 And yet we know where this man comes from, but when the Messiah appears no one is to know where he comes from.' 28 Thereupon Jesus cried aloud as he taught in the temple, 'No doubt you know me; no doubt you know where I come from. Yet I have not come of my own accord. I was sent by the One who truly is, and him you do not know. 29 I know him because I come from him and he it is who sent me.' 30 At this they tried to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him because his appointed hour had not yet come. 31 Yet among the people many believed in him. 'When the Messiah comes,' they said, 'is it likely that he will perform more signs than this man?'
32 The Pharisees overheard these mutterings of the people about him, so the chief priests and the Pharisees sent temple police to arrest him. 33 Then Jesus said, 'For a little longer I shall be with you; then I am going away to him who sent me. 34 You will look for me, but you will not find me. Where I am, you cannot come.' 35 So the Jews said to one another, 'Where does he intend to go, that we should not be able to find him? Will he go to the Dispersion among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks? 36 What did he mean by saying, "You will look for me, but you will not find me. Where I am, you cannot come"?'

[Some manuscripts here insert the passage about the woman taken in adultery: (see John 7.53-8.11).]
37 ON THE LAST and greatest day of the festival Jesus stood and cried aloud, 'If anyone is thirsty let him come to me, 38 whoever believes in me, let him drink.' As Scripture says, 'Streams of living water shall flow out from within him.' 39 He was speaking of the Spirit which believers in him would receive later, for the Spirit had not yet been given, because Jesus had not yet been glorified.
40 On hearing this some of the people said, 'This must certainly be the expected prophet.' 41 Others said, 'This is the Messiah.' Others again, 'Surely the Messiah is not to come from Galilee? 42 Does not Scripture say that the Messiah is to be of the family of David, from David's village of Bethlehem?' 43 Thus he caused a split among the people. 44 Some were for seizing him, but no one laid hands on him.
45 The temple police came back to the chief priests and Pharisees, who asked, 'Why have you not brought him?' 46 'No man', they answered, 'ever spoke as this man speaks.' 47 The Pharisees retorted, 'Have you too been misled? 48 Is there a single one of our rulers who has believed in him, or of the Pharisees? 49 As for this rabble, which cares nothing for the Law, a curse is on them.' 50 Then one of their number, Nicodemus (the man who had once visited Jesus), intervened. 51 'Does our law', he asked them, 'permit us to pass judgement on a man unless we have first given him a hearing and learned the facts?' 52 'Are you a Galilean too?' they retorted. 'Study the scriptures and you will find that prophets do not come from Galilee.'

[Some manuscripts here insert the passage 7.53-8.11]
53 AND THEY WENT each to his home, 1 and Jesus to the Mount of Olives. 2 At daybreak he appeared again in the temple, and all the people gathered round him. He had taken his seat and was engaged in teaching them 3 when the doctors of the law and the Pharisees brought in a woman detected in adultery. 4 Making her stand out in the middle they said to him, 'Master, this woman was caught in the very act of adultery. 5 In the Law Moses has laid down that such women are to be stoned. What do you say about it?' 6 They put the question as a test, hoping to frame a charge against him. Jesus bent down and wrote with his finger on the ground. 7 When they continued to press their question he sat up straight and said, 'That one of you who is faultless shall throw the first stone.' 8 Then once again he bent down and wrote on the ground. 9 When they heard what he said, one by one they went away, the eldest first; and Jesus was left alone, with the woman still standing there. 10 Jesus again sat up and said to the woman, 'Where are they? Has no one condemned you?' 11 'No one, sir', she said. Jesus replied, 'No more do I. You may go; do not sin again.'

[This passage, which in the most widely received editions of the New Testament is printed in the text of John, 7.53-8.1l, has no fixed place in our ancient manuscripts. Some of them do not contain it at all. Some place it after Luke 21.38, others after John 7.36, or 7.52, or 21.24.]
12 ONCE AGAIN JESUS addressed the people: 'I am the light of the world. No follower of mine shall wander in the dark; he shall have the light of life.' 13 The Pharisees said to him, 'You are witness in your own cause; your testimony is not valid.' 14 Jesus replied, 'My testimony is valid, even though I do bear witness about myself; because I know where I come from, and where I am going. You do not know either where I come from or where I am going. 15 You judge by worldly standards. I pass judgement on no man, 16 but if I do judge, my judgement is valid because it is not I alone who judge, but I and he who sent me. 17 In your own law it is written that the testimony of two witnesses is valid. 18 Here am I, a witness in my own cause, and my other witness is the Father who sent me.' They asked, 19 'Where is your father?' Jesus replied, 'You know neither me nor my Father; if you knew me you would know my Father as well.'
20 These words were spoken by Jesus in the treasury as he taught in the temple. Yet no one arrested him, because his hour had not yet come.
21 Again he said to them, 'I am going away. You will look for me, but you will die in your sin; where I am going you cannot come.' 22 The Jews then said, 'Perhaps he will kill himself: is that what he means when he says, "Where I am going you cannot come"?' 23 So Jesus continued, 'You belong to this world below, I to the world above. Your home is in this world, mine is not. 24 That is why I told you that you would die in your sins. If you do not believe that I am what I am, you will die in your sins.' 25 They asked him, 'Who are you?' Jesus answered, 'Why should I speak to you at all? 26 I have much to say about you - and in judgement. But he who sent me speaks the truth, and what I heard from him I report to the world.'
27 They did not understand that he was speaking to them about the Father. 28 So Jesus said to them, 'When you have lifted up the Son of Man you will know that I am what I am. I do nothing on my own authority, but in all that I say, I have been taught by my Father. 29 He who sent me is present with me, and has not left me alone; for I always do what is acceptable to him.' 30 As he said this, many put their faith in him.
31 Turning to the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, 'If you dwell within the revelation I have brought, you are indeed my disciples; 32 you shall know the truth, and the truth will set you free.' 33 They replied, 'We are Abraham's descendants; we have never been in slavery to any man. What do you mean by saying, "You will become free men"?' 34 'In very truth I tell you', said Jesus, 'that everyone who commits sin is a slave. 35 The slave has no permanent standing in the household, but the son belongs to it for ever. 36 If then the Son sets you free, you will indeed be free.
37 'I know that you are descended from Abraham, but you are bent on killing me because my teaching makes no headway with you. 38 I am revealing in words what I saw in my Father's presence; and you are revealing in action what you learned from your father.' 39 They ' retorted, 'Abraham is our father.' 'If you were Abraham's children', Jesus replied, 'you would do as Abraham did. 40 As it is, you are bent on killing me, a man who told you the truth, as I heard it from God. ' 41 That is not how Abraham acted. You are doing your own father's work.'

They said, 'We are not base-born; God is our father, and God alone.'
42 Jesus said, 'If God were your father, you would love me, for God is the source of my being, and from him I come. I have not come of my own accord; he sent me. 43 Why do you not understand my language? It is because my revelation is beyond your grasp.
44 'Your father is the devil and you choose to carry out your father's desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and is not rooted in the truth; there is no truth in him. When he tells a lie he is speaking his own language, for he is a liar and the father of lies. 45 But I speak the truth and therefore you do not believe me. 46 Which of you can prove me in the wrong? If what I say is true, why do you not believe me? 47 He who has God for his father listens to the words of God. You are not God's children; that is why you do not listen.'
48 The Jews answered, 'Are we not right in saying that you are a Samaritan, and that you are possessed?' 49 'I am not possessed,' said Jesus; 'the truth is that I am honouring my Father, but you dishonour me. 50 I do not so care about my own glory; there is one who does care, and he is judge. 51 In very truth I tell you, if anyone obeys my teaching he shall never know what it is to die.'
52 The Jews said, 'Now we are certain that you are possessed. Abraham is dead; the prophets are dead; and yet you say, "If anyone obeys my teaching he shall not know what it is to die." 53 Are you greater than our father Abraham, who is dead? The prophets are dead too. What do you claim to be?'
54 Jesus replied, 'If I glorify myself, that glory of mine is worthless. It is the Father who glorifies me, he of whom you say, "He is our God", 55 though you do not know him. But I know him; if I said that I did not know him I should be a liar like you. But in truth I know him and obey his word.
56 'Your father Abraham was overjoyed to see my day; he saw it and was glad.' 57 The Jews protested, 'You are not yet fifty years old. How can you have seen Abraham?' 58 Jesus said, 'In very truth I tell you, before Abraham was born, I am.' 59 They picked up stones to throw at him, but Jesus was not to be seen; and he left the temple.
1 AS HE WENT on his way Jesus saw a man blind from his birth. 2 His disciples put the question, 'Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents? Why was he born blind?' 3 'It is not that this man or his parents sinned,' Jesus answered; 'he was born blind that God's power might be displayed in curing him. 4 While daylight lasts we must carry on the work of him who sent me, night comes, when no one can work. 5 While I am in the world I am the light of the world.'
6 With these words he spat on the ground and made a paste with the spittle; he spread it on the man's eyes, 7 and said to him, 'Go and wash in the pool of Siloam.' (The name means 'sent'.) The man went away and washed, and when he returned he could see.
8 His neighbours and those who were accustomed to see him begging said, 'Is not this the man who used to sit and beg?' 9 Others said, 'Yes, this is the man.' Others again said, 'No, but it is someone like him.' 10 The man himself said, 'I am the man.' They asked him, 'How were your eyes opened?' 11 He replied, 'The man called Jesus made a paste and smeared my eyes with it, and told me to go to Siloam and wash. I went and washed, and gained my sight.' 12 'Where is he?' they asked. He answered, 'I do not know.'
13 THE MAN who had been blind was brought before the Pharisees. 14 As it was a Sabbath day when Jesus made the paste and opened his eyes, 15 the Pharisees now asked him by what means he had gained his sight. The man told them, 'He spread a paste on my eyes; then I washed, and now I can see.' 16 Some of the Pharisees said, 'This fellow is no man of God; he does not keep the Sabbath.' Others said, 'How could such signs come from a sinful man?' So they took different sides.
17 Then they continued to question him: 'What have you to say about him? It was your eyes he opened.' He answered, 'He is a prophet.' 18 The Jews would not is believe that the man had been blind and had gained his sight, until they had summoned his parents 19 and questioned them: 'Is this man your son? Do you say that he was bom blind? How is it that he can see now?' 20 The parents replied, 'We know that he is our son, and that he was bom blind. 21 But how it is that he can now see, or who opened his eyes, we do not know. Ask him; he is of age; he will speak for himself.' 22 His parents gave this answer because they were afraid of the Jews; for the Jewish authorities had already agreed that anyone who acknowledged Jesus as Messiah should be banned from the synagogue. 23 That is why the parents said, 'He is of age; ask him.'
24 So for the second time they summoned the man who had been blind, and said, 'Speak the truth before God. We know that this fellow is a sinner.' 25 'Whether or not he is a sinner, I do not know', the man replied. 'All I know is this: once I was blind, now I can see.' 26 'What did he do to you?' they asked. 'How did he open your eyes?' 27 'I have told you already,' he retorted, 'but you took no notice. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you also want to become his disciples?' 28 Then they became abusive. 'You are that man's disciple,' they said, 'but we are disciples of Moses. 29 We know that God spoke to Moses, but as for this fellow, we do not know where he comes from.'
30 The man replied, 'What an extraordinary thing! Here is a man who has opened my eyes, yet you do not know where he comes from! 31 It is common knowledge that God does not listen to sinners; he listens to anyone who is devout and obeys his will. 32 To open the eyes of a man born blind - it is unheard of since time began. 33 If that man had not come from God he could have done nothing.' 34 'Who are you to give us lessons,' they retorted, 'born and bred in sin as you are?' Then they expelled him from the synagogue.
35 Jesus heard that they had expelled him. When he found him he asked, 'Have you faith in the Son of Man?' 36 The man answered, 'Tell me who he is, sir, that I should put my faith in him.' 37 'You have seen him,' said Jesus; 'indeed, it is he who is speaking to you.' 38 'Lord, I believe', he said, and bowed before him.
39 Jesus said, 'It is for judgement that I have come into this world - to give sight to the sightless and to make blind those who see.' 40 Some Pharisees in his company asked, 'Do you mean that we are blind?' 41 'If you were blind,' said Jesus, 'you would not be guilty, but because you say "We see"; your guilt remains.
1 'IN TRUTH I tell you, in very truth, the man who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs in some other way, is nothing but a thief or a robber. 2 The man who enters by the door is the shepherd in charge of the sheep. 3 The door-keeper admits him, and the sheep hear his voice; he calls his own sheep by name, and leads them out. 4 When he has brought them all out, he goes ahead and the sheep follow, because they know his voice. 5 They will not follow a stranger; they will run away from him, because they do not recognize the voice of strangers.'
6 This was a parable that Jesus told them, but they did not understand what he meant by it.
7 So Jesus spoke again;
'In truth, in very truth I tell you, I am the door of the sheepfold.
8 The sheep paid no heed to any who came before me, for these were all thieves and robbers. 9 I am the door;
anyone who comes into the fold through me shall be safe. He shall go in and out and shall find pasturage. 10 'The thief comes only to steal, to kill, to destroy; I have come that men may have life, and may have it in all its fullness. 11 I am the good shepherd;
the good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
12 The hireling, when he sees the wolf coming, abandons the sheep and runs away, because he is no shepherd and the sheep are not his. Then the wolf harries the flock and scatters the sheep. 13 The man runs away because he is a hireling and cares nothing for the sheep.
14 'I am the good shepherd;
I know my own sheep and my sheep know me -
15 as the Father knows me and I know the Father -
and I lay down my life for the sheep.
16 But there are other sheep of mine,
not belonging to this fold,
whom I must bring in;
and they too will listen to my voice.
There will then be one flock,
one shepherd.
17 The Father loves me because I lay down my life, to receive it back again. 18 No one has robbed me of it; I am laying it down of my own free will. I have the right to lay it down, and I have the right to receive it back again; this charge I have received from my Father.'
19 These words once again caused a split among the Jews. 20 Many of them said, 'He is possessed, he is raving. Why listen to him?' 21 Others said, 'No one possessed by an evil spirit could speak like this. Could an evil spirit open blind men's eyes?'
22 IT WAS WINTER, and the festival of the Dedication was being held in Jerusalem. 23 Jesus was walking in the temple precincts, in Solomon's Cloister. 24 The Jews gathered round him and asked: 'How long must you keep us in suspense? If you are the Messiah say so plainly.' 25 'I have told you,' said Jesus, 'but you do not believe. My deeds done in my Father's name are my credentials, 26 but because you are not sheep of my flock you do not believe. 27 My own sheep listen to my voice; I know them and they follow me. 28 I give them eternal life and they shall never perish; no one shall snatch them from my care. 29 My Father who has given them to me is greater than all, and no one can snatch them out of the Father's care. 30 My Father and I are one.'
31 Once again the Jews picked up stones to stone him. 32 At this Jesus said to them, 'I have set before you many good deeds, done by my Father's power, for which of these would you stone me?' 33 The Jews replied, 'We are not going to stone you for any good deed, but for your blasphemy. You, a mere man, claim to be a god.' 34 Jesus answered, 'Is it not written in your own Law, "I said: You are gods"? 35 Those are called gods to whom the word of God was delivered - and Scripture cannot be set aside. 36 Then why do you charge me with blasphemy because I, consecrated and sent into the world by the Father, said, "I am God's son"?
37 'If I am not acting as my Father would, do not believe me. 38 But if I am, accept the evidence of my deeds, even if you do not believe me, so that you may recognize and know that the Father is in me, and I in the Father.'
39 This provoked them to one more attempt to seize him. But he escaped from their clutches.
40 JESUS WITHDREW AGAIN across the Jordan, to the place where John had been baptizing earlier. 41 There he stayed, while crowds came to him. They said, 'John gave us no miraculous sign, but all that he said about this man was true.' 42 Many came to believe in him there.
1 There was a man named Lazarus who had fallen ill. His home was at Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha. 2 (This Mary, whose brother Lazarus had fallen ill, was the woman who anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped his feet with her hair.) 3 The sisters sent a message to him: 'Sir, you should know that your friend lies ill.' 4 When Jesus heard this he said, 'This sickness will not end in death; it has come for the glory of God, to bring glory to the Son of God.' 5 And therefore, though he loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus, 6 after hearing of his illness Jesus waited for two days in the place where he was.
7 After this, he said to his disciples, 'Let us go back to Judaea.' 8 'Rabbi,' his disciples said, 'it is not long since the Jews there were wanting to stone you. Are you going there again?' 9 Jesus replied, 'Are there not twelve hours of daylight? Anyone can walk in daytime without stumbling, because he sees the light of this world. 10 But if he walks after nightfall he stumbles, because the light fails him.'
11 After saying this he added, 'Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep, but I shall go and wake him.' 12 The disciples said, 'Master, if he has fallen asleep he will recover.' 13 Jesus, however, had been speaking of his death, but they thought that he meant natural sleep, 14 Then Jesus spoke out plainly: 'Lazarus is dead. 15 I am is glad not to have been there; it will be for your good and for the good of your faith. But let us go to him.' 16 Thomas, called 'the Twin', said to his fellow-disciples, 'Let us also go, that we may die with him.'
17 ON HIS ARRIVAL Jesus found that Lazarus had already been four days in the tomb. 18 Bethany was just is under two miles from Jerusalem, 19 and many of the people had come from the city to Martha and Mary to condole with them on their brother's death. 20 As soon as she heard that Jesus was on his way, Martha went to meet him, while Mary stayed at home.
21 Martha said to Jesus, 'If you had been here, sir, my brother would not have died. 22 Even now I know that whatever you ask of God, God will grant you.' 23 Jesus said, 'Your brother will rise again.' 24 'I know that he will rise again', said Martha, 'at the resurrection on the last day.' 25 Jesus said, 'I am the resurrection and I am life. If a man has faith in me, even though he die, he shall come to life; 26 and no one who is alive and has faith shall ever die. Do you believe this?' 27 'Lord, I do,' she answered; 'I now believe that you are the Messiah, the Son of God who was to come into the world.'
28 With these words she went to call her sister Mary, and taking her aside, she said, 'The Master is here; he is asking for you.' 29 When Mary heard this she rose up quickly and went to him. 30 Jesus had not yet reached the village, but was still at the place where Martha left him. 31 The Jews who were in the house condoling with Mary, when they saw her start up and leave the house, went after her, for they supposed that she was going to the tomb to weep there.
32 So Mary came to the place where Jesus was. As soon as she caught sight of him she fell at his feet and said, 'O sir, if you had only been here my brother would not have died. 33 When Jesus saw her weeping and the Jews her companions weeping, he sighed heavily and was deeply moved. 34 'Where have you laid him?' he asked. They replied, 'Come and see, sir.' 35 Jesus wept. 36 The Jews said, 'How dearly he must have loved him!' 37 But some of them said, 'Could not this man, who opened the blind man's eyes, have done something to keep Lazarus from dying?'
38 Jesus again sighed deeply; then he went over to the tomb. It was a cave, with a stone placed against it. 39 Jesus said, 'Take away the stone.' Martha, the dead man's sister, said to him, 'Sir, by now there will be a stench; he has been there four days.' 40 Jesus said, 'Did I not tell you that if you have faith you will see the glory of God?' 41 So they removed the stone.

Then Jesus looked upwards and said, 'Father, I thank thee: thou hast heard me.
42 I knew already that thou always hearest me, but I spoke for the sake of the people standing round, that they might believe that thou didst send me.'
43 Then he raised his voice in a great cry: 'Lazarus, come forth.' 44 The dead man came out, his hands and feet swathed in linen bands, his face wrapped in a cloth. Jesus said, 'Loose him; let him go.'
45 NOW MANY of the Jews who had come to visit Mary and had seen what Jesus did, put their faith in him. 46 But some of them went off to the Pharisees and reported what he had done.
47 Thereupon the chief priests and the Pharisees convened a meeting of the Council. 'What action are we taking?' they said. 'This man is performing many signs. 48 If we leave him alone like this the whole populace will believe in him. Then the Romans will come and sweep away our temple and our nation.' 49 But one of them, Caiaphas, who was High Priest that year, said, 'You know nothing whatever; 50 you do not use your judgement; it is more to your interest that one man should die for the people, than that the whole nation should be destroyed.' 51 He did not say this of his own accord, but as the High Priest in office that year, he was prophesying that Jesus would die for the nation - 52 die not for the nation alone but to gather together the scattered children of God. 53 So from that day on they plotted his death.
54 Accordingly Jesus no longer went about publicly in Judaea, but left that region for the country bordering on the desert, and came to a town called Ephraim, where he stayed with his disciples.
55 THE JEWISH PASSOVER was now at hand, and many people went up from the country to Jerusalem to purify themselves before the festival. 56 They looked out for Jesus, and as they stood in the temple they asked one another, 'What do you think? Perhaps he is not coming to the festival.' 57 Now the chief priests and the Pharisees had given orders that anyone who knew where he was should give information, so that they might arrest him.
1 SIX DAYS BEFORE the Passover festival Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus lived whom he had raised from the dead. 2 There a supper was given in his honour, at which Martha served, and Lazarus sat among the guests with Jesus. 3 Then Mary brought a pound of very costly perfume, oil of pure nard, and anointed the feet of Jesus and wiped them with her hair, till the house was filled with the fragrance. 4 At this, Judas Iscariot, a disciple of his - the one who was to betray him - said, 5 'Why was this perfume not sold for thirty pounds and given to the poor?' 6 He said this, not out of any care for the poor, but because he was a thief; he used to pilfer the money put into the common purse, which was in his charge. 7 'Leave her alone', said Jesus. 'Let her keep it till the day when a she prepares for my burial, 8 for you have the poor among you always, but you will not always have me.'
9 A great number of the Jews heard that he was there, and came not only to see Jesus but also Lazarus whom he had raised from the dead. 10 The chief priests then resolved to do away with Lazarus as well, 11 since on his account many Jews were going over to Jesus and putting their faith in him.

12 THE NEXT DAY the great body of pilgrims who had come to the festival, hearing that Jesus was on the way to Jerusalem, 13 took palm branches and went out to meet him, shouting, 'Hosanna! Blessings on him who comes in the name of the Lord! God bless the king of Israel!' 14 Jesus found a donkey and mounted it, in accordance with the text of Scripture: 15 'Fear no more, daughter of Zion; see, your king is coming, mounted on an ass's colt.'
16 At the time his disciples did not understand this, but after Jesus had been glorified they remembered that this had been written about him, and that this had happened to him. 17 The people who were present when he called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead told what they had seen and heard. 18 That is why the crowd went to meet him; they had is heard of this sign that he had performed. 19 The Pharisees said to one another, 'You see you are doing no good at all; why, all the world has gone after him.'
20 AMONG THOSE who went up to worship at the festival were some Greeks. 21 They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and said to him, 'Sir, we should like to see Jesus.' 22 So Philip went and told Andrew, and the two of them went to tell Jesus. 23 Then Jesus replied: 'The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. 24 In truth, in very truth I tell you, a grain of wheat remains a solitary grain unless it falls into the ground and dies; but if it dies, it bears a rich harvest. 25 The man who loves himself is lost, but he who hates himself in this world will be kept safe for eternal life. 26 If anyone serves me, he must follow me; where I am, my servant will be. Whoever serves me will be honoured by my Father.
27 'Now my soul is in turmoil, and what am I to say? Father, save me from this hour. No, it was for this that I came to this hour. 28 Father, glorify thy name.' A voice sounded from heaven: 'I have glorified it, and I will glorify it again.' 29 The crowd standing by said it was thunder, while others said, 'An angel has spoken to him.' 30 Jesus replied, 'This voice spoke for your sake, not mine. 31 Now is the hour of judgement for this world; now shall the Prince of this world be driven out. 32 And I shall draw all men to myself, when I am lifted up from the earth.' 33 This he said to indicate the kind of death he was to die.
34 The people answered, 'Our Law teaches us that the Messiah continues for ever. What do you mean by saying that the Son of Man must be lifted up? What Son of Man is this ?' 35 Jesus answered them; The light is among you still, but not for long. Go on your way while you have the light, so that darkness may not overtake you. He who journeys in the dark does not know where he is going. 36 While you have the light, trust to the light, that you may become men of light.' After these words Jesus went away from them into hiding.
37 IN SPITE OF the many signs which Jesus had performed in their presence they would not believe in him, 38 for the prophet Isaiah's utterance had to be fulfilled: 'Lord, who has believed what we reported, and to whom has the Lord's power been revealed?' 39 So it was that they could not believe, for there is another saying of Isaiah's: 40 'He has blinded their eyes and dulled their minds, lest they should see with their eyes, and perceive with their minds, and turn to me to heal them.' 41 Isaiah said this because he saw his glory and spoke about him.
42 For all that, even among those in authority a number believed in him, but would not acknowledge him on account of the Pharisees, for fear of being banned from the synagogue. 43 For they valued their reputation with men rather than the honour which comes from God.
44 SO JESUS CRIED ALOUD: 'When a man believes in me, he believes in him who sent me rather than in me; 45 seeing me, he sees him who sent me. 46 I have come into the world as light, so that no one who has faith in me should remain in darkness. 47 But if anyone hears my words and pays no regard to them, I am not his judge; I have not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 There is a judge for the man who rejects me and does not accept my words; the word that I spoke will be his judge on the last day. 49 I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who sent me has himself commanded me what to say and how to speak. 50 I know that his commands are eternal life. What the Father has said to me, therefore - that is what I speak.'
1 IT WAS BEFORE the Passover festival. Jesus knew that his hour had come and he must leave this world and go to the Father. He had always loved his own who were in the world, and now he was to show the full extent of his love.
2 The devil had already put it into the mind of Judas son of Simon Iscariot to betray him. During supper, 3 Jesus, well aware that the Father had entrusted everything to him, and that he had come from God and was going back to God, 4 rose from table, laid aside his garments, and taking a towel, tied it round him. 5 Then he poured water into a basin, and began to wash his disciples' feet and to wipe them with the towel.
6 When it was Simon Peter's turn, Peter said to him, 'You, Lord, washing my feet?' 7 Jesus replied, 'You do not understand now what I am doing, but one day you will.' 8 Peter said, 'I will never let you wash my feet.' 'If I do not wash you,' Jesus replied, 'you are not in fellowship with me.' 9 'Then, Lord,' said Simon Peter, 'not my feet only; wash my hands and head as well!'
10 Jesus said, 'A man who has bathed needs no further washing; he is altogether clean; and you are clean, though not every one of you.' 11 He added the words 'not every one of you' because he knew who was going to betray him.
12 After washing their feet and taking his garments again, he sat down. 'Do you understand', he asked, 'what I have done for you? 13 You call me "Master" and "Lord", and rightly so, for that is what I am. 14 Then if I, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet. 15 I have set you an example: you are to do as I have done for you. 16 In very truth I tell you, a servant is not greater than his master, nor a messenger than the one who sent him. 17 If you know this, happy are you if you act upon it.
18 'I am not speaking about all of you; I know whom I have chosen. But there is a text of Scripture to be fulfilled: "He who eats bread with me has turned against me." 19 I tell you this now, before the event, that when it happens you may believe that I am what I am. 20 In very truth I tell you, he who receives any messenger of mine receives me; receiving me, he receives the One who sent me.'
21 After saying this, Jesus exclaimed in deep agitation of spirit, 'In truth, in very truth I tell you, one of you is going to betray me.' 22 The disciples looked at one another in bewilderment: whom could he be speaking of? 23 One of them, the disciple he loved, was reclining close beside Jesus. 24 So Simon Peter nodded to him and said, 'Ask who it is he means.' 25 That disciple, as he reclined, leaned back close to Jesus and asked, 'Lord, who is it?' 26 Jesus replied, 'It is the man to whom I give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish.' Then, after dipping it in the dish, he took it out and gave it to Judas son of Simon Iscariot. 27 As soon as Judas had received it Satan entered him. Jesus said to him, 'Do quickly what you have to do.' 28 No one at the table understood what he meant by this. 29 Some supposed that, as Judas was in charge of the common purse, Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed for the festival, or to make some gift to the poor. 30 Judas, then, received the bread and went out. It was night.
31 WHEN HE HAD GONE OUT Jesus said, 'Now the Son of Man is glorified, and in him God is glorified. 32 If God is glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself; and he will glorify him now. 33 My children, for a little longer I am with you; then you will look for me, and, as I told the Jews, I tell you now, where I am going you cannot come. 34 I give you a new commandment: love one another; as I have loved you, so you are to love one another. 35 If there is this love among you, then all will know that you are my disciples.'
36 Simon Peter said to him, 'Lord, where are you going?' Jesus replied, 'Where I am going you cannot follow me now, but one day you will.' 37 Peter said, 'Lord, why cannot I follow you now? I will lay down my life for you.' 38 Jesus answered, 'Will you indeed lay down your life for me? I tell you in very truth, before the cock crows you will have denied me three times,
1 'Set your troubled hearts at rest. Trust in God always; trust also in me. 2 There are many dwelling-places in my Father's house; if it were not so I should have told you; for I am going there on purpose to prepare a place for you. 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I shall come again and receive you to myself, so that where I am you may be also; 4 and my way there is known to you.' 5 Thomas said, 'Lord, we do not know where you are going, so how can we know the way?' 6 Jesus replied, 'I am the way; I am the truth and I am life; no one comes to the Father except by me.
7 'If you knew me you would know my Father too. From now on you do know him; you have seen him.' 8 Philip said to him, 'Lord, show us the Father and we ask no more.' 9 Jesus answered, 'Have I been all this time with you, Philip, and you still do not know me? Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father. Then how can you say, "Show us the Fathe 10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? I am not myself the source of the words I speak to you: it is the Father who dwells in me doing his own work. 11 Believe me when I say that I am in the Father and the Father in me; or else accept the evidence of the deeds themselves. 12 In truth, in very truth I tell you, he who has faith in me will do what I am doing; and he will do greater things still because I am going to the Father. 13 Indeed anything you ask in my name I will do, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 If you ask anything in my name I will do it.
15 'If you love me you will obey my commands; 16 and I will ask the Father, and he will give you another to be your Advocate, who will be with you for ever - 17 the Spirit of truth. The world cannot receive him, because the world neither sees nor knows him; but you know is him, because he dwells with you and is in you. 18 I will not leave you bereft; I am coming back to you. 19 In a little while the world will see me no longer, but you will see me; because I live, you too will live; 20 then you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me and I in you. 21 The man who has received my commands and obeys them - he it is who loves me; and he who loves me will be loved by my Father; and I will love him and disclose myself to him.'
22 Judas asked him - the other Judas, not Iscariot - 'Lord, what can have happened, that you mean to disclose yourself to us alone and not to the world?' 23 Jesus replied, 'Anyone who loves me will heed what I say; then my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our dwelling with him; 24 but he who does not love me does not heed what I say. And the word you hear is not mine: it is the word of the Father who sent me. 25 I have told you all this while I am still here with you; 26 but your Advocate, the Holy Spirit whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you everything, and will call to mind all that I have told you.
27 'Peace is my parting gift to you, my own peace, such as the world cannot give. Set your troubled hearts at rest, and banish your fears. 28 You heard me say, "I am going away, and coming back to you." If you loved me you would have been glad to hear that I was going to the Father; for the Father is greater than I. 29 I have told you now, beforehand, so that when it happens you may have faith.
30 'I shall not talk much longer with you, for the Prince of this world approaches. He has no rights over me; 31 but the world must be shown that I love the Father, and do exactly as he commands; so up, let us go forward!
1 'I AM THE REAL VINE, and my Father is the gardener. 2 Every barren branch of mine he cuts away; and every fruiting branch he cleans, to make it more fruitful still. 3 You have already been cleansed by the word that I spoke to you. 4 Dwell in me, as I in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself, but only if it remains united with the vine; no more can you bear fruit, unless you remain united with me.
5 'I am the vine, and you the branches. He who dwells in me, as I dwell in him, bears much fruit; for apart from me you can do nothing. 6 He who does not dwell in me is thrown away like a withered branch. The withered branches are heaped together, thrown on the fire, and burnt.
7 'If you dwell in me, and my words dwell in you, ask what you will, and you shall have it. 8 This is my Father's glory, that you may bear fruit in plenty and so be my disciples. 9 As the Father has loved me, so I have loved you. Dwell in my love. 10 If you heed my commands, you will dwell in my love, as I have heeded my Father's commands and dwell in his love.
11 'I have spoken thus to you, so that my joy may be in you, and your joy complete. 12 This is my commandment: love one another, as I have loved you. 13 There is no greater love than this, that a man should lay down his life for his friends. 14 You are my friends, if you do what I command you. 15 I call you servants no longer; a servant does not know what his master is about. I have called you friends, because I have disclosed to you everything that I heard from my Father. 16 You did not choose me: I chose you. I appointed you to go on and bear fruit, fruit that shall last; so that the Father may give you all that you ask in my name. 17 This is my commandment to you: love one another.
18 'If the world hates you, it hated me first, as you know well. 19 If you belonged to the world, the world would love its own; but because you do not belong to the world, because I have chosen you out of the world, for that reason the world hates you. 20 Remember what I said: "A servant is not greater than his master." As they persecuted me, they will persecute you; they will follow your teaching as little as they have followed mine. 21 It is on my account that they will treat you thus, because they do not know the One who sent me.
22 'If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not be guilty of sin; but now they have no excuse for a their, sin: 23 he who hates me, hates my Father. 24 If I had not worked among them and accomplished what no other man has done, they would not be guilty of sin; but now they have both seen and hated both me and my Father. 25 However, this text in their Law had to come true: "They hated me without reason."
26 'But when your Advocate has come, whom I will send you from the Father - the Spirit of truth that issues from the Father - he will bear witness to me. 27 And you also are my witnesses, because you have been with me from the first.
1 'I have told you all this to guard you against the breakdown of your faith. 2 They will ban you from the synagogue; indeed, the time is coming when anyone who kills you will suppose that he is performing a religious duty. 3 They will do these things because they do not know either the Father or me. 4 I have told you all this so that when the time comes for it to happen you may remember my warning. I did not tell you this at first, because then I was with you; 5 but now I am going away to him who sent me. None of you asks me "Where are you going?" 6 Yet you are plunged into grief because of what -I have told you. 7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth: it is for your good that I am leaving you. If I do not go, your Advocate will not come, whereas if I go, I will send him to you. 8 When he comes, he will confute the world, and show where wrong and right and judgement lie. 9 He will convict them of wrong, by their refusal to believe in me; 10 he will convince them that right is on my side, by showing that I go to the Father when I pass from your sight; 11 and he will convince them of divine judgement, by showing that the Prince of this world stands condemned.
12 'There is still much that I could say to you, but the burden would be too great for you now. 13 However, when he comes who is the Spirit of truth, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own authority, but will tell only what he hears; and he will make known to you the things that are coming. 14 He will glorify me, for everything that he makes known to you he will draw from what is mine. 15 All that the Father has is mine, and that is why I said, "Everything that he makes known to you he will draw from what is mine."
16 'A LITTLE WHILE, and you see me no more; again a little while, and you will see me.' 17 Some of his disciples said to one another, 'What does he mean by this: "A little while, and you will not see me, and again a little while, and you will see me", and by this: 18 So they asked, 'What is this "little while" that he speaks of? We do not know what he means.'
19 Jesus knew that they were wanting to question him, and said, 'Are you discussing what I said: "A little while, and you will not see me, and again a little while, and you will see me"? 20 In very truth I tell you, you will weep and mourn, but the world will be glad. But though you will be plunged in grief, your grief will be turned to joy. 21 A woman in labour is in pain because her time has come; but when the child is born she forgets the anguish in her joy that a man has been bom into the world. 22 So it is with you: for the moment you are sad at heart; but I shall see you again, and then you will be joyful, and no one shall rob you of your joy. 23 When that day comes you will ask nothing of me. In very truth I tell you, if you ask the Father for anything in my name, he will give it you. 24 So far you have asked nothing in my name. Ask and you will receive, that your joy may be complete.
25 'Till now I have been using figures of speech; a time is coming when I shall no longer use figures, but tell you of the Father in plain words. 26 When that day comes you will make your request in my name, and I do not say that I shall pray to the Father for you, 27 for the Father loves you himself, because you have loved me and believed that I came from God. 28 I came from the Father and have come into the world. Now I am leaving the world again and going to the Father.' 29 His disciples said, 'Why, this is plain speaking; this is no figure of speech. 30 We are certain now that you know everything, and do not need to be questioned; because of this we believe that you have come from God.'
31 Jesus answered, 'Do you now believe? 32 Look, the hour is coming, has indeed already come, when you are all to be scattered, each to his home, leaving me alone. Yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. 33 I have told you all this so that in me you may find peace. In the world you will have trouble. But courage! The victory is mine; I have conquered the world.'
1 AFTER THESE WORDS Jesus looked up to heaven and said:

'Father, the hour has come. Glorify thy Son, that the Son may glorify thee. 2 For thou hast made him sovereign over all mankind, to give eternal life to all whom thou hast given him. 3 This is eternal life: to know thee who alone art truly God, and Jesus Christ whom thou hast sent.
4 'I have glorified thee on earth by completing the work which thou gavest me to do; and now. 5 Father, glorify me in thine own presence with the glory which I had with thee before the world began.
6 'I have made thy name known to the men whom thou didst give me out of the world. They were thine, thou gavest them to me, and they have obeyed thy command. 7 Now they know that all thy gifts have come to me from thee; 8 for I have taught them all that I learned from thee, and they have received it: they know with certainty that I came from thee; they have had faith to believe that thou didst send me.
9 'I pray for them; I am not praying for the world but for those whom thou hast given me, because they belong to thee. 10 All that is mine is thine, and what is thine is mine; and through them has my glory shone.
11 'I am to stay no longer in the world, but they are still in the world, and I am on my way to thee. Holy Father, protect by the power of thy name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are one. 12 When I was with them, I protected by the power of thy name those whom thou hast given me, and kept them safe. Not one of them is lost except the man who must be lost, for Scripture has to be fulfilled.
13 'And now I am coming to thee; but while I am still in the world I speak these words, so that they may have my joy within them in full measure. 14 I have delivered thy word to them, and the world hates them is because they are strangers in the world, as I am. 15 I pray thee, not to take them out of the world, but to keep them from the evil one. 16 They are strangers in the world, as I am. 17 Consecrate them by the truth; thy word is truth. 18 As thou hast sent me into the world, I have sent them into the world, 19 and for their sake I now consecrate myself, that they too may be consecrated by the truth.
20 'But it is not for these alone that I pray, but for those also who through their words put their faith in me; 21 may they all be one: as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, so also may they be in us, that the world may believe that thou didst send me. 22 The glory which thou gavest me I have given to them, that they may be one, as we are one; 23 I in them and thou in me, may they be perfectly one. Then the world will learn that thou didst send me, that thou didst love them as thou didst me.
24 'Father, I desire that these men, who are thy gift to me, may be with me where I am, so that they may look upon my glory, which thou hast given me because thou didst love me before the world began. 25 O righteous Father, although the world does not know thee, I know thee, and these men know that thou didst send me. 26 I made thy name known to them, and will make it known, so that the love thou hadst for me may be in them, and I may be in them.'
1 AFTER THESE WORDS, Jesus went out with his disciples, and crossed the Kedron ravine. There was a garden there, and he and his disciples went into it. 2 The place was known to Judas, his betrayer, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples. 3 So Judas took a detachment of soldiers, and police provided by the chief priests and the Pharisees, equipped with lanterns, torches, and weapons, and made his way to the garden. 4 Jesus, knowing all that was coming upon him, went out to them and asked, 'Who is it you want?' 5 'Jesus of Nazareth', they answered. Jesus said, 'I am he.' And there stood Judas the traitor with them. 6 When he said, 'I am he', they drew back and fell to the ground. 7 Again Jesus asked, 'Who is it you want?' 'Jesus of Nazareth', they answered. 8 Then Jesus said, 'I have told you that I am he. If I am the man you want, let these others go.' 9 (This was to make good his words, 'I have not lost one of those whom thou gavest me.') 10 Thereupon Simon Peter drew the sword he was wearing and struck at the High Priest's servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant's name was Malchus.) 11 Jesus said to Peter, 'Sheathe your sword. This is the cup my Father has given me; shall I not drink it?'
12 THE TROOPS with their commander, and the Jewish police, now arrested Jesus and secured him. 13 They took him first to Annas. Annas was father-in-law of Caiaphas, the High Priest for that year - 14 the same Caiaphas who had advised the Jews that it would be to their interest if one man died for the whole people. 15 Jesus was followed by Simon Peter and another disciple. This disciple, who was acquainted with the High Priest, went with Jesus into the High Priest's courtyard, 16 but Peter halted at the door outside. So the other disciple, the High Priest's acquaintance, went out again and spoke to the woman at the door, and brought Peter in. 17 The maid on duty at the door said to Peter, 'Are you another of this man's disciples?' 'I am not', he said. 18 The servants and the police had made a charcoal fire, because it was cold, and were standing round it warming themselves. And Peter too was standing with them, sharing the warmth.
19 The High Priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and about what he taught. 20 Jesus replied, 'I have spoken openly to all the world; I have always taught in synagogue and in the temple, where all Jews congregate; I have said nothing in secret. 21 Why question me? Ask my hearers what I told them; they know what I said.' 22 When he said this, one of the police struck him on the face, exclaiming, 'Is that the way to answer the High Priest?' 23 Jesus replied, 'If I spoke amiss, state it in evidence; if I spoke well, why strike me?'
24 So Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas the High Priest.
25 Meanwhile Peter stood warming himself. The others asked, 'Are you another of his disciples?' But he denied it: 'I am not', he said. 26 One of the High Priest's servants, a relation of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, insisted, 'Did I not see you with him in the garden?' 27 Peter denied again; and just then a cock crew.
28 FROM CAIAPHAS Jesus was led into the Governor's headquarters. It was now early morning, and the Jews themselves stayed outside the headquarters to avoid defilement, so that they could eat the Passover meal. 29 So Pilate went out to them and asked, 'What charge do you bring against this man?' 30 'If he were not a criminal,' they replied, 'we should not have brought him before you.' 31 Pilate said, 'Take him away and try him by your own law.' The Jews answered, 'We are not allowed to put any man to death.' 32 Thus they ensured the fulfilment of the words by which Jesus had indicated the manner of his death.
33 Pilate then went back into his headquarters and summoned Jesus. 'Are you the king of the Jews?' he asked. 34 Jesus said, 'Is that your own idea, or have others suggested it to you?' 35 'What! am I a Jew?' said Pilate. 'Your own nation and their chief priests have brought you before me. What have you done?' 36 Jesus replied, 'My kingdom does not belong to this world. If it did, my followers would be fighting to save me from arrest by the Jews. My kingly authority comes from elsewhere.' 37 'You are a king, then?' said Pilate. Jesus answered, '"King" is your word. My task is to bear witness to the truth. For this was I born; for this I came into the world, and all who are not deaf to truth listen to my voice.' 38 Pilate said, 'What is truth?', and with those words went out again to the Jews. 'For my part,' he said, 'I find no case against him. 39 But you have a custom that I release one prisoner for you at Passover. Would you like me to release the king of the Jews?' 40 Again the clamour rose: 'Not him; we want Barabbas!' (Barabbas was a bandit.)
1 Pilate now took Jesus and had him flogged; 2 and the soldiers plaited a crown of thorns and placed it on his head, and robed him in a purple cloak. 3 Then time after time they came up to him, crying, 'Hail, King of the Jews!', and struck him on the face.
4 Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews, 'Here he is; I am bringing him out to let you know that I find no case against him'; 5 and Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple cloak. 'Behold the Man!' said Pilate. 6 The chief priests and their henchmen saw him and shouted, 'Crucify! crucify!' 'Take him and crucify him yourselves,' said Pilate; 'for my pan I find no case against him.' 7 The Jews answered, 'We have a law; and by that law he ought to die, because he has claimed to be Son of God.'
8 When Pilate heard that, he was more afraid than ever, 9 and going back into his headquarters he asked Jesus, 'Where have you come from?' But Jesus gave him no answer. 10 'Do you refuse to speak to me?' said Pilate. 'Surely you know that I have authority to release you, and I have authority to crucify you?' 11 'You would have no authority at all over me', Jesus replied, 'if it had not been granted you from above; and therefore the deeper guilt lies with the man who handed me over to you.'
12 From that moment Pilate tried hard to release him; but the Jews kept shouting, 'If you let this man go, you are no friend to Caesar; any man who claims to be a king is defying Caesar.' 13 When Pilate heard what they were saying, he brought Jesus out and took his seat on the tribunal at the place known as 'The Pavement' ('Gabbatha' in the language of the Jews). 14 It was the eve of Passover, about noon. Pilate said to the Jews, 'Here is your king.' 15 They shouted, 'Away with him! Away with him! Crucify him!' 'Crucify your king?' said Pilate. 'We have no king but Caesar', the Jews replied. 16 Then at last, to satisfy them, he handed Jesus over to be crucified.
17 JESUS WAS NOW TAKEN in charge and, carrying his own cross, went out to the Place of the Skull, as it is called (or, in the Jews' language, 'Golgotha'), 18 where they crucified him, and with him two others, one on the right, one on the left, and Jesus between them.
19 And Pilate wrote an inscription to be fastened to the cross; it read, 'Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews.' 20 This inscription was read by many Jews, because the place where Jesus was crucified was not far from the city, and the inscription was in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. 21 Then the Jewish chief priests said to Pilate, 'You should not write "King of the Jews"; write, "He claimed to be king of the Jews." ' 22 Pilate replied, 'What I have written, I have written.'
23 The soldiers, having crucified Jesus, took possession of his clothes, and divided them into four parts, one for each soldier, leaving out the tunic. The tunic was seamless, woven in one piece throughout; 24 so they said to one another, 'We must not tear this; let us toss for it'; and thus the text of Scripture came true: 'They shared my garments among them, and cast lots for my clothing.'
25 That is what the soldiers did. But meanwhile near the cross where Jesus hung stood his mother, with her sister, Mary wife of Clopas, and Mary of Magdala. 26 Jesus saw his mother, with the disciple whom he loved standing beside her. He said to her, 'Mother, there is your son'; 27 and to the disciple, 'There is your mother'; and from that moment the disciple took her into his home.
28 After that, Jesus, aware that all had now come to its appointed end, said in fulfilment of Scripture, 'I thirst.' 29 A jar stood there full of sour wuae; so they soaked a sponge with the wine, fixed it on a javelin, and held it up to his lips. 30 Having received the wine, he said, 'It is accomplished!' He bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
31 Because it was the eve of Passover, the Jews were anxious that the bodies should not remain on the cross for the coming Sabbath, since that Sabbath was a day of great solemnity; so they requested Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. 32 The soldiers accordingly came to the first of his fellow-victims and to the second, and broke their legs; 33 but when they came to Jesus, they found that he was already dead, so they did not break his legs. 34 But one of the soldiers stabbed his side with a lance, and at once there was a flow of blood and water. 35 This is vouched for by an eyewitness, whose evidence is to be trusted. He knows that he speaks the truth, so that you too may believe; 36 for this happened in fulfilment of the text of Scripture:
'No bone of his shall be broken.' 37 And another text says,
'They shall look on him whom they pierced.'
38 AFTER THAT, PILATE was approached by Joseph of Arimathaea, a disciple of Jesus, but a secret disciple for fear of the Jews, who asked to be allowed to remove the body of Jesus. Pilate gave the permission; so Joseph came and took the body away. 39 He was joined by Nicodemus (the man who had first visited Jesus by night), who brought with him a mixture of myrrh and aloes, more than 100 litrai. 40 They took the body of Jesus and wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen cloth according to Jewish burial-customs. 41 Now at the place where he had been crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, not yet used for burial. 42 There, because the tomb was near at hand and it was the eve of the Jewish Sabbath, they laid Jesus.
1 EARLY ON THE SUNDAY MORNING, while it was still dark, Mary of Magdala came to the tomb. She saw that the stone had been moved away from the entrance, 2 and ran to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved. 'They have taken the Lord out of his tomb,' she cried, 'and we do not know where they have laid him.' 3 So Peter and the other set out and made their way to the tomb. 4 They were running side by side, but the other disciple out-ran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5 He peered in and saw the linen wrappings lying there, but did not enter. 6 Then Simon Peter came up, following him, and he went into the tomb. He saw the linen wrappings lying, 7 and the napkin which had been over his head, not lying with the wrappings but rolled together in a place by itself. 8 Then the disciple who had reached the tomb first went in too, and he saw and believed, 9 until then they had not understood the scriptures, which showed that he must rise from the dead.
10 So the disciples went home again; 11 but Mary stood at the tomb outside, weeping. As she wept, she peered into the tomb; 12 and she saw two angels in white sitting there, one at the head, and one at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. 13 They said to her, 'Why are you weeping?' She answered, 'They have taken my Lord away, and I do not know where they have laid him.' 14 With these words she turned round and saw Jesus standing there, but did not recognize him. 15 Jesus said to her, 'Why are you weeping? Who is it you are looking for?' Thinking it was the gardener, she said, 'If it is you, sir, who removed him, tell me where you have laid him, and I will take him away.' 16 Jesus said, 'Mary!' She turned to him and said, 'Rabbuni!' (which is Hebrew for 'My Master'). 17 Jesus said, 'Do not cling to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father. But go to my brothers, and tell them that I am now ascending to my Father and your Father, my God and your God.' 18 Mary of Magdala is went to the disciples with her news: 'I have seen the Lord!' she said, and gave them his message.
19 Late that Sunday evening, when the disciples were together behind locked doors, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them. 'Peace be with you!' he said,

The most generally known harmonies of the Gospels are based upon the Huck-Lietzmann Synopsis (1936) of the three gospels and Sparks' Synopsis (1964) of four gospels.
Many of the passages in these harmonies are too short to display in a useful manner on a web-page.
The katapi New Study Bible Synopsis of the Gospels is based upon the headings displayed in the New Study Bible reference table which in turn follows the headings printed in the United Bible Societies' New Testament in Greek.
These sections are more useful for bible study.
Columns are arranged so that first column is your chosen heading from the bible passage list.
This column is highlighted in light grey.
The harmonies that follow across the web-page are then in the normally accepted order.
For Old Testament references quoted by New Testament authors,
you should either go back to the passage listing web-page and select the link on the 'version' column;
or click on the column heading and search through the chapter for the relevant passage;
than select the OT passage from the reference column.
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© Paul Ingram 2009.