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. Chapter 1.

Israel in the wilderness of Sinai

NUMBERS. The first census.

1 ON THE FIRST DAY OF THE SECOND MONTH in the second year after the Israelites came out of Egypt, the LORD spoke to Moses at the Tent of the Presence in the wilderness of Sinai in these words: 2 'Number the whole community of Israel by families in the father's line, recording the name of every male person 3 aged twenty years and upwards fit for military service. You and Aaron are to make a detailed list of them by their tribal hosts, 4 and you shall have to assist you one head of family from each tribe. 5 These are their names:

of Reuben, Elizur son of Shedeur;

6 of Simeon, Shelurniel son of Zurishaddai;

7 of Judah, Nahshon son of Amminadab;

8 of Issachar, Nethaneel son of Zuar;

9 of Zebulun, Eliab son of Helon;

10 of Joseph: of Ephraim, Elishama son of Ammihud;

of Manasseh, Gamaliel son of Pedahzur;

11 of Benjamin, Abidan son of Gideoni;

12 of Dan, Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai;

13 of Asher, Pagiel son of Ocran;

14 of Gad, Eliasaph son of Reuel;

15 of Naphtali, Ahira son of Enan.'

16 These were the conveners of the whole community, chiefs of their fathers' tribes and heads of Israelite clans. 17 So Moses and Aaron took these men who had been indicated by name. 18 They summoned the whole community on the first day of the second month, and they registered their descent by families in the father's line, recording every male person aged twenty years and upwards, 19 as the LORD had told Moses to do. Thus it was that he drew up the detailed lists in the wilderness of Sinai:

20 The tribal list of Reuben, Israel's eldest son, by families in the father's line, with the name of every male person aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 21 the number in the list of the tribe of Reuben being forty-six thousand five hundred.

22 The tribal list of Simeon, by families in the father's line, with the name of every male person aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 23 the number in the list of the tribe of Simeon being fifty-nine thousand three hundred.

24 The tribal list of Gad, by families in the father's line, with the names of all men aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 25 the number in the list of the tribe of Gad being forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty.

26 The tribal list of Judah, by families in the father's line, with the names of all men aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 27 the number in the list of the tribe of Judah being seventy-four thousand six hundred.

28 The tribal list of Issachar, by families in the father's line, with the names of all men aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 29 the number in the list of the tribe of Issachar being fifty-four thousand four hundred.

30 The tribal list of Zebulun, by families in the father's line, with the names of all men aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 31 the number in the list of the tribe of Zebulun being fifty-seven thousand four hundred.

32 The tribal lists of Joseph: that of Ephraim, by families in the father's line, with the names of all men aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 33 the number in the list of the tribe of Ephraim being forty thousand five hundred; 34 that of Manasseh, by families in the father's line, with the names of all men aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 35 the number in the list of the tribe of Manasseh being thirty-two thousand two hundred.

36 The tribal list of Benjamin, by families in the father's line, with the names of all men aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 37 the number in the list of the tribe of Benjamin being thirty-five thousand four hundred.

38 The tribal list of Dan, by families in the father's line, with the names of all men aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 39 the number in the list of the tribe of Dan being sixty-two thousand seven hundred.

40 The tribal list of Asher, by families in the father's line, with the names of all men aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 41 the number in the list of the tribe of Asher being forty-one thousand five hundred.

42 The tribal list of Naphtali, by families in the father's line, with the names of all men aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, 43 the number in the list of the tribe of Naphtali being fifty-three thousand four hundred.

44 These were the numbers recorded in the detailed lists by Moses and Aaron and the twelve chiefs of Israel, each representing one tribe and being the head of a family. 45 The total number of Israelites aged twenty years and upwards fit for service, recorded in the lists of fathers' families, 46 was six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty. 47 A list of the Levites by their fathers' families was not made.

48 The LORD spoke to Moses and said, 49 'You shall not record the total number of the Levites or make a detailed list of them among the Israelites. 50 You shall put the Levites in charge of the Tabernacle of the Tokens, with its equipment and everything in it. They shall carry the Tabernacle and all its equipment; they alone shall be its attendants and shall pitch their tents round it. 51 The Levites shall take the Tabernacle down when it is due to move and shall put it up when it halts; any unqualified person who comes near it shall be put to death. 52 All other Israelites shall pitch their tents, each tribal host in its proper camp and under its own standard. 53 But the Levites shall encamp round the Tabernacle of the Tokens, so that divine wrath may not follow the whole community of Israel; the Tabernacle of the Tokens shall be in their keeping.'

54 The Israelites did exactly as the LORD had told Moses to do.

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