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. Chapter 18.

David's military victories. 2Sm.8.1-18

1 [vv1-13: cp 2Sam. 8.1-14] After this David defeated the Philistines and conquered them, and took from them Gath with its villages; 2 he defeated the Moabites, and they became subject to him and paid him tribute. 3 He also defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah-hamath, who was on his way to set up a monument of victory by the river Euphrates. 4 From him David captured a thousand chariots, seven thousand horsemen and twenty thousand foot; he hamstrung all the chariot-horses, except a hundred which he retained. 5 When the Aramaeans of Damascus came to the help of Hadadezer king of Zobah, David destroyed twenty-two thousand of them, 6 and established garrisons among these Aramaeans; they became subject to him and paid him tribute. Thus the LORD gave David victory wherever he went. 7 David took the gold quivers borne by Hadadezer's servants and brought them to Jerusalem. 8 He also took a great quantity of bronze [Or copper] from Hadadezer's cities, Tibhath and Kun; from this Solomon made the Sea of bronze [Or copper], the pillars, and the bronze [Or copper] vessels.

9 When Tou king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer king of Zobah, 10 he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and to congratulate him on defeating Hadadezer in battle (for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou); and he brought with him vessels of gold, silver, and copper, 11 which King David dedicated to the LORD. He dedicated also the silver and the gold which he had carried away from all the other nations, from Edom and Moab, from the Ammonites and the Philistines, and from Amalek.

12 Edom was defeated by Abishai son of Zeruiah, who destroyed eighteen thousand of them in the Valley of Salt 13 and stationed garrisons in the country. All the Edomites now became subject to David. Thus the LORD gave victory to David wherever he went.

14 [vv14-17: cp 2Sam. 8.15-18; 20.23-26; 1Kgs. 4.2-4] David ruled over the whole of Israel and maintained law and justice among all his people. 15 Joab son of Zeruiah was in command of the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was secretary; of state; 16 Zadok and Abiathar son of Ahimelech, son of Ahitub [and Abiathar ... Ahitub: prob. rdg, cp 2Sam. 8.17; Heb son of Ahitub and Abimelech son of Abiathar], were priests; Shavsha was adjutant-general; 17 Benaiah son of Jehoiada commanded the Kerethite and Pelethite guards. The eldest sons of David were in attendance on the king.

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