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19

ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ

John

Reference
1Τότε οὖν ἐλαβεν ὁ Πιλᾶτος τὸν Ἰησοῦν καὶ ἐμαστίγωσεν. Pilate now took Jesus and had him flogged; 
2καὶ οἱ στρατιῶται πλέξαντες στέφανον ἐξ ἀκανθῶν ἐπέθηκαν αὐτοῦ τῇ κεφαλῇ, καὶ ἱμάτιον πορφυροῦν περιέβαλον αὐτόν, and the soldiers plaited a crown of thorns and placed it on his head, and robed him in a purple cloak. 
3καὶ ἠρχοντο πρὸς αὐτὸν καὶ ἐλεγον, Χαῖρε, ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων· καὶ ἐδίδοσαν αὐτῷ ῥαπίσματα. Then time after time they came up to him, crying, 'Hail, King of the Jews!', and struck him on the face.
 
4Καὶ ἐξῆλθεν πάλιν ἐξω ὁ Πιλᾶτος καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς, Ἴδε ἀγω ὑμῖν αὐτὸν ἐξω, ἵνα γνῶτε ὅτι οὐδεμίαν αἰτίαν εὑρίσκω ἐν αὐτῷ. Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews, 'Here he is; I am bringing him out to let you know that I find no case against him'; 
5ἐξῆλθεν οὖν ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐξω, φορῶν τὸν ἀκάνθινον στέφανον καὶ τὸ πορφυροῦν ἱμάτιον. καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς, Ἰδοὺ ὁ ἄνθρωπος. and Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple cloak. 'Behold the Man!' said Pilate. 
6ὅτε οὖν εἶδον αὐτὸν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς καὶ οἱ ὑπηρέται ἐκραύγασαν λέγοντες, Σταύρωσον σταύρωσον. λέγει αὐτοῖς ὁ Πιλᾶτος, Λάβετε αὐτὸν ὑμεῖς καὶ σταυρώσατε, ἐγὼ γὰρ οὐχ εὑρι σκω ἐν αὐτῷ αἰτίαν. The chief priests and their henchmen saw him and shouted, 'Crucify! crucify!' 'Take him and crucify him yourselves,' said Pilate; 'for my pan I find no case against him.' 
7ἀπεκρίθησαν αὐτῷ οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι, Ἡμεῖς νόμον ἐχομεν, καὶ κατὰ τὸν νόμον ὀφείλει ἀποθανεῖν, ὅτι υἱὸν θεοῦ ἑαυτὸν ἐποίησεν. The Jews answered, 'We have a law; and by that law he ought to die, because he has claimed to be Son of God.'
 
8Ὅτε οὖν ἠκουσεν ὁ Πιλᾶτος τοῦτον τὸν λόγον, μᾶλλον ἐφοβήθη, When Pilate heard that, he was more afraid than ever, 
9καὶ εἰσῆλθεν εἰς τὸ πραιτώριον πάλιν καὶ λέγει τῷ Ἰησοῦ, Πόθεν εἶ σύ; ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς ἀπόκρισιν οὐκ ἐδωκεν αὐτῷ. and going back into his headquarters he asked Jesus, 'Where have you come from?' But Jesus gave him no answer. 
10λέγει οὖν αὐτῷ ὁ Πιλᾶτος, Ἐμοὶ οὐ λαλεῖς; οὐκ οἶδας ὅτι ἐξουσίαν ἐχω ἀπολῦσαί σε καὶ ἐξουσίαν ἐχω σταυρῶσαί σὲ; 'Do you refuse to speak to me?' said Pilate. 'Surely you know that I have authority to release you, and I have authority to crucify you?' 
11ἀπεκρίθη [αὐτῷ] Ἰησοῦς, Οὐκ εἶχες ἐξουσίαν κατ' ἐμοῦ οὐδεμίαν εἰ μὴ ἦν δεδομένον σοι ἀνωθεν· διὰ τοῦτο ὁ παραδούς μέ σοι μείζονα ἀμαρτίαν ἐχει. 'You would have no authority at all over me', Jesus replied, 'if it had not been granted you from above; and therefore the deeper guilt lies with the man who handed me over to you.'
 
12ἐκ τούτου ὁ Πιλᾶτος ἐζήτει ἀπολῦσαι αὐτόν· οἱ δὲ Ἰουδαῖοι ἐκραύγασαν λέγοντες, Ἐὰν τοῦτον ἀπολύσῃς, οὐκ εἶ φίλος τοῦ Καίσαρος· πᾶς ὁ βασιλέα ἑαυτὸν ποιῶν ἀντιλέγει τῷ Καίσαρι. From that moment Pilate tried hard to release him; but the Jews kept shouting, 'If you let this man go, you are no friend to Caesar; any man who claims to be a king is defying Caesar.' 
13Ὁ οὖν Πιλᾶτος ἀκούσας τῶν λόγων τούτων ἠγαγεν ἐξω τὸν Ἰησοῦν, καὶ ἐκάθισεν ἐπὶ βήματος εἰς τόπον λεγόμενον λιθόστρωτον, Ἑβραϊστὶ δὲ Γαββαθα. When Pilate heard what they were saying, he brought Jesus out and took his seat on the tribunal at the place known as 'The Pavement' ('Gabbatha' in the language of the Jews). 
14ἦν δὲ παρασκευὴ τοῦ πάσχα, ὡρα ἦν ὡς ἑκτη. καὶ λέγει τοῖς Ἰουδαίοις, ἰδε ὁ βασιλεὺς ὑμῶν. It was the eve of Passover, about noon. Pilate said to the Jews, 'Here is your king.' 
15ἐκραύγασαν οὖν ἐκεῖνοι, Ἆρον ἆρον, σταύρωσον αὐτόν. λέγει αὐτοῖς ὁ Πιλᾶτος, Τὸν βασιλέα ὑμῶν σταυρώσὼ ἀπεκρίθησαν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς, Οὐκ ἐχομεν βασιλέα εἰ μὴ Καίσαρα. They shouted, 'Away with him! Away with him! Crucify him!' 'Crucify your king?' said Pilate. 'We have no king but Caesar', the Jews replied. 
16τότε οὖν παρέδωκεν αὐτὸν αὐτοῖς ἵνα σταυρωθῇ.

Παρέλαβον οὖν τὸν Ἰησοῦν·

Then at last, to satisfy them, he handed Jesus over to be crucified.
 
17καὶ βαστάζων αὑτῷ τὸν σταυρὸν ἐξῆλθεν εἰς τὸν λεγόμενον Κρανίου Τόπον, ὃ λέγεται ἑβραϊστὶ Γολγοθα, JESUS WAS NOW TAKEN in charge and, carrying his own cross, went out to the Place of the Skull, as it is called (or, in the Jews' language, 'Golgotha'),The Crucifixion of Jesus Jn.19.17-27 | Mt.27.32-44 | Mk.15.21-32 | Lk.23.26-43
18ὁπου αὐτὸν ἐσταύρωσαν, καὶ μετ' αὐτοῦ ἀλλους δύο ἐντεῦθεν καὶ ἐντεῦθεν, μέσον δὲ τὸν Ἰησοῦν. where they crucified him, and with him two others, one on the right, one on the left, and Jesus between them.
 
19ἐγραψεν δὲ καὶ τίτλον ὁ Πιλᾶτος καὶ ἐθηκεν ἐπὶ τοῦ σταυροῦ· ἦν δὲ γεγραμμένον,

IHΣOΥΣ O NΑZΩΡΑIOΣ O ΒΑΣIΛΕΥΣ TΩN IOΥΔΑIΩN.

And Pilate wrote an inscription to be fastened to the cross; it read, 'Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews.' 
20τοῦτον οὖν τὸν τίτλον πολλοὶ ἀνέγνωσαν τῶν Ἰουδαίων, ὅτι ἐγγὺς ἦν ὁ τόπος τῆς πόλεως ὁπου ἐσταυρώθη ὁ Ἰησοῦς· καὶ ἦν γεγραμμένον Ἑβραϊστί, Ῥωμαϊστί, Ἑλληνιστί. This inscription was read by many Jews, because the place where Jesus was crucified was not far from the city, and the inscription was in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. 
21ἐλεγον οὖν τῷ Πιλάτῳ οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς τῶν Ἰουδαίων, Μὴ γράφε, Ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων, ἀλλ' ὅτι ἐκεῖνος εἶπεν, Βασιλεύς εἰμι τῶν Ἰουδαίων. Then the Jewish chief priests said to Pilate, 'You should not write "King of the Jews"; write, "He claimed to be king of the Jews." ' 
22ἀπεκρίθη ὁ Πιλᾶτος, Ὃ γέγραφα, γέγραφα. Pilate replied, 'What I have written, I have written.'
 
23Οἱ οὖν στρατιῶται ὅτε ἐσταύρωσαν τὸν Ἰησοῦν ἐλαβον τὰ ἱμάτια αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐποίησαν τέσσαρα μέρη, ἑκάστῳ στρατιώτῃ μέρος, καὶ τὸν χιτῶνα. ἦν δὲ ὁ χιτὼν ἀραφος, ἐκ τῶν ἀνωθεν ὑφαντὸς δῖ ὁλου. The soldiers, having crucified Jesus, took possession of his clothes, and divided them into four parts, one for each soldier, leaving out the tunic. The tunic was seamless, woven in one piece throughout; 
24εἶπαν οὖν πρὸς ἀλλήλους, Μὴ σχίσωμεν αὐτόν, ἀλλὰ λάχωμεν περὶ αὐτοῦ τίνος ἐσται· ἵνα ἡ γραφὴ πληρωθῇ ἡ λέγουσα,

Διεμερίσαντο τὰ ἱμάτιά μου ἑαυτοῖς
καὶ ἐπὶ τὸν ἱματισμόν μου ἔβαλον κλῆρον.

Οἱ μὲν οὖν στρατιῶται ταῦτα ἐποίησαν.

so they said to one another, 'We must not tear this; let us toss for it'; and thus the text of Scripture came true: 'They shared my garments among them, and cast lots for my clothing.'
 
25εἱστήκεισαν δὲ παρὰ τῷ σταυρῷ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἡ ἀδελφὴ τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ, Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Κλωπᾶ καὶ Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνή. That is what the soldiers did. But meanwhile near the cross where Jesus hung stood his mother, with her sister, Mary wife of Clopas, and Mary of Magdala. 
26Ἰησοῦς οὖν ἰδὼν τὴν μητέρα καὶ τὸν μαθητὴν παρεστῶτα ὃν ἠγάπα, λέγει τῇ μητρί, Γύναι, ἰδε ὁ υἱός σου. Jesus saw his mother, with the disciple whom he loved standing beside her. He said to her, 'Mother, there is your son'; 
27εἶτα λέγει τῷ μαθητῇ, Ἴδε ἡ μήτηρ σου. καὶ ἀπ' ἐκείνης τῆς ὡρας ἐλαβεν ὁ μαθητὴς αὐτὴν εἰς τὰ ἰδια. and to the disciple, 'There is your mother'; and from that moment the disciple took her into his home.
 
28Μετὰ τοῦτο εἰδὼς ὁ Ἰησοῦς ὅτι ἠδη πάντα τετέλεσται, ἵνα τελειωθῇ ἡ γραφή, λέγει, Διψῶ. After that, Jesus, aware that all had now come to its appointed end, said in fulfilment of Scripture, 'I thirst.'The Death of Jesus Jn.19.28-30 | Mt.27.45-56 | Mk.15.33-41 | Lk.23.44-49
29σκεῦος ἐκειτο ὀξους μεστόν· σπόγγον οὖν μεστὸν τοῦ ὄξους ὑσσώπῳ περιθέντες προσήνεγκαν αὐτοῦ τῷ στόματι. A jar stood there full of sour wuae; so they soaked a sponge with the wine, fixed it on a javelin, and held it up to his lips. 
30ὅτε οὖν ἐλαβεν τὸ ὀξος [ὁ] Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν, Τετέλεσται· καὶ κλίνας τὴν κεφαλὴν παρέδωκεν τὸ πνεῦμα. Having received the wine, he said, 'It is accomplished!' He bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
 
31Οἱ οὖν Ἰουδαῖοι, ἐπεὶ παρασκευὴ ἦν, ἵνα μὴ μείνῃ ἐπὶ τοῦ σταυροῦ τὰ σώματα ἐν τῷ σαββάτῳ, ἦν γὰρ μεγάλη ἡ ἡμέρα ἐκείνου τοῦ σαββάτου, ἠρώτησαν τὸν Πιλᾶτον ἵνα κατεαγῶσιν αὐτῶν τὰ σκέλη καὶ ἀρθῶσιν. Because it was the eve of Passover, the Jews were anxious that the bodies should not remain on the cross for the coming Sabbath, since that Sabbath was a day of great solemnity; so they requested Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.The Piercing of Jesus' Side Jn.19.31-37
32ἦλθον οὖν οἱ στρατιῶται, καὶ τοῦ μὲν πρώτου κατέαξαν τὰ σκέλη καὶ τοῦ ἀλλου τοῦ συσταυρωθέντος αὐτῷ· The soldiers accordingly came to the first of his fellow-victims and to the second, and broke their legs; 
33ἐπὶ δὲ τὸν Ἰησοῦν ἐλθόντες, ὡς εἶδον ἠδη αὐτὸν τεθνηκότα, οὐ κατέαξαν αὐτοῦ τὰ σκέλη, but when they came to Jesus, they found that he was already dead, so they did not break his legs. 
34ἀλλ' εἷς τῶν στρατιωτῶν λόγχῃ αὐτοῦ τὴν πλευρὰν ἐνυξεν, καὶ ἐξῆλθεν εὐθὺς αἷμα καὶ ὑδωρ. But one of the soldiers stabbed his side with a lance, and at once there was a flow of blood and water. 
35καὶ ὁ ἑωρακὼς μεμαρΤύρηκεν, καὶ ἀληθινὴ αὐτοῦ ἐστιν ἡ μαρτυρία, καὶ ἐκεῖνος οἶδεν ὅτι ἀληθῆ λέγει, ἵνα καὶ ὑμεῖς πιστεύ[ς]ητε. This is vouched for by an eyewitness, whose evidence is to be trusted. He knows that he speaks the truth, so that you too may believe; 
36ἐγένετο γὰρ ταῦτα ἵνα ἡ γραφὴ πληρωθῇ, Ὀστοῦν οὐ συντριβήσεται αὐτοῦ. for this happened in fulfilment of the text of Scripture:
'No bone of his shall be broken.'
- Not a bone of him shall be broken Jn.19.36 | Ps.34.20 | Ex.12.46 | Nu.9.12
37καὶ πάλιν ἑτέρα γραφὴ λέγει Ὄψονται εἰς ὃν ἐξεκέντησαν. And another text says,
'They shall look on him whom they pierced.'
- They shall look on him whom they have pierced Jn.19.37 | Zch.12.10
38Μετὰ δὲ ταῦτα ἠρώτησεν τὸν Πιλᾶτον Ἰωσὴφ ὁ ἀπὸ Ἁριμαθαίας, ὢν μαθητὴς τοῦ Ἰησοῦ κεκρυμμένος δὲ διὰ τὸν φόβον τῶν Ἰουδαίων, ἵνα ἀρῃ τὸ σῶμα τοῦ Ἰησοῦ· καὶ ἐπέτρε ψεν ὁ Πιλᾶτος. ἦλθεν οὖν καὶ ἦρεν τὸ σῶμα αὐτοῦ. AFTER THAT, PILATE was approached by Joseph of Arimathaea, a disciple of Jesus, but a secret disciple for fear of the Jews, who asked to be allowed to remove the body of Jesus. Pilate gave the permission; so Joseph came and took the body away.The Burial of Jesus Jn.19.38-42 | Mt.27.57-61 | Mk.15.42-47 | Lk.23.50-56
39ἦλθεν δὲ καὶ Νικόδημος, ὁ ἐλθὼν πρὸς αὐτὸν νυκτὸς τὸ πρῶτον, φέρων μίγμα Σμύρνης καὶ ἀλόης ὡς λίτρας ἑκατόν. He was joined by Nicodemus (the man who had first visited Jesus by night), who brought with him a mixture of myrrh and aloes, more than 100 litrai. 
40ἐλαβον οὖν τὸ σῶμα τοῦ Ἰησοῦ καὶ ἐδησαν αὐτὸ ὀθονίοις μετὰ τῶν ἀρωμάτων, καθὼς ἐθος ἐστὶν τοῖς Ἰουδαίοις ἐνταφιάζειν. They took the body of Jesus and wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen cloth according to Jewish burial-customs. 
41ἦν δὲ ἐν τῷ τόπῳ ὁπου ἐσταυρώθη κῆπος, καὶ ἐν τῷ κήπῳ μνημεῖον καινὸν ἐν ᾧ οὐδέπω οὐδεὶς ἦν τεθειμένος· Now at the place where he had been crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, not yet used for burial. 
42ἐκεῖ οὖν διὰ τὴν παρασκευὴν τῶν Ἰουδαίων, ὅτι ἐγγὺς ἦν τὸ μνημεῖον, ἐθηκαν τὸν Ἰησοῦν. There, because the tomb was near at hand and it was the eve of the Jewish Sabbath, they laid Jesus.
 
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