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Lod, Lydda (See also wiki article Lod.)

LOD, LYDDA - A town in the territory of Benjamin, not apparently of pre-Israelite origin, but built (1 Ch.8.12), along with Ono, by the Benjamite Shemed (but Luthen and Auanau occur side by side in the lists of Thothmes III.). Elsewhere it is mentioned only in the post-Captivity lists (Ezr.2.33, Neh.7.37, 11.35); and in connexion with the healing of Aeneas at this place (Ac.9.32). Its inhabitants were enslaved by Cassius, and freed by Anthony (Jos. Ant. xiv. xi. 2 [275], xii. 2 [304]). Cestius Gallus burned it, and it afterwards surrendered to Vespasian (BJ II. xix. 1 [516], iv. vii. I [144]). In the Middle Ages it was the seat of a bishopric. It is a centre of the cultus of that strange being called by the Christians St. George (to whom the church is dedicated), and by the Muslims el-Khudr - probably an ancient spirit of vegetation. It was known as Diopholis in the Byzantine period, but the old name Ludd is still attached to the site. [Article: Dictionary of the Bible, J.Hastings, 2nd Ed., T&T.Clark, 1963 - R.A.S.M.]