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1 Samuel

SAMUEL 1. ELI - Judge at Shiloh. Birth of SAMUEL.  1Sm.1.1-20

1There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim of the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. 2He had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah. And Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.

3Now this man used to go up year by year from his city to worship and to sacrifice to Yahweh of hosts at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests of Yahweh. 4On the day when Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and daughters; 5and, although he loved Hannah, he would give Hannah only one portion, because Yahweh had closed her womb. 6And her rival used to provoke her sorely, to irritate her, because Yahweh had closed her womb. 7So it went on year by year; as often as she went up to the house of Yahweh, she used to provoke her. Therefore Hannah wept and would not eat. 8And Elkanah, her husband, said to her, "Hannah, why do you weep? And why do you not eat? And why is your heart sad? Am I not more to you than ten sons?"

9After they had eaten and drunk in Shiloh, Hannah rose. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat beside the doorpost of the temple of Yahweh. 10She was deeply distressed and prayed to Yahweh, and wept bitterly. 11And she vowed a vow and said, " O Yahweh of hosts, if you will indeed look on the affliction of your maidservant, and remember me, and not forget your maidservant, but wilt give to your maidservant a son, then I will give him to Yahweh all the days of his life, and no razor shall touch his head."

12As she continued praying before Yahweh, Eli observed her mouth. 13Hannah was speaking in her heart; only her lips moved, and her voice was not heard; therefore Eli took her to be a drunken woman. 14And Eli said to her, "How long will you be drunken? Put away your wine from you." 15But Hannah answered, "No, my lord, I am a woman sorely troubled; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have been pouring out my soul before Yahweh. 16Do not regard your maidservant as a base woman, for all along I have been speaking out of my great anxiety and vexation." 17Then Eli answered, "Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition which you have made to him." 18And she said, "Let your maidservant find favour in your eyes." Then the woman went her way and ate, and her countenance was no longer sad.

19They rose early in the morning and worshipped before Yahweh; then they went back to their house at Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and Yahweh remembered her; 20and in due time Hannah conceived and bore a son, and she called his name Samuel, for she said, "I have asked him of Yahweh."

Dedication of Samuel.  1Sm.1.21-28

21And the man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to Yahweh the yearly sacrifice, and to pay his vow. 22But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, "As soon as the child is weaned, I will bring him, that he may appear in the presence of Yahweh, and abide there for ever." 23Elkanah her husband said to her, "Do what seems best to you, wait until you have weaned him; only, may Yahweh establish his word." So the woman remained and nursed her son, until she weaned him. 24And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour, and a skin of wine; and she brought him to the house of Yahweh at Shiloh; and the child was young. 25Then they slew the bull, and they brought the child to Eli. 26And she said, "Oh, my lord! As you live, my lord, I am the woman who was standing here in your presence, praying to Yahweh. 27For this child I prayed; and Yahweh has granted me my petition which I made to him. 28Therefore I have lent him to Yahweh; as long as he lives, he is lent to Yahweh."

And they worshipped Yahweh there.


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The katapi New Standard Bible is a very light revision of the RSV. The changes are: (1) In places where 'the LORD', 'O LORD' occurs in the RSV, (it represents the tetragrammaton - YHWH - which is in the hebrew text), I have used the name 'Yahweh'.
(2) I have removed the quotation marks and hyphens that were used in so many names in the RSV as an aid to correct pronunciation. This now brings it in line with all other English versions, and makes any word-search more accurate.
(3) I have changed all (I hope!) of the RSV archaic language sections to modern.
Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright 1952 [2nd edition, 1971], Apocrypha, copyright 1957; The Third and Fourth Books of the Maccabees and Psalm 151, copyright 1977, by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
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