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Exodus

Compensation.  Ex.22.1-15

1When a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters or sells it, he shall repay five beasts for the ox and four sheep for the sheep. 2 (2-4) vv2-4 rearranged thus: 3b, 4, 2, 3a He shall pay in full; if he has no means, he shall be sold to pay for the theft. But if the animal is found alive in his possession, be it ox, ass, or sheep, he shall repay two.

If a burglar is caught in the act and is fatally injured, it is not murder; but if he breaks in after sunrise and is fatally injured, then it is murder.

3 4 6When a fire starts and spreads to a heap of brushwood, so that sheaves, or standing corn, or a whole field is destroyed, he who started the fire shall make full restitution.

7When one man gives another silver or chattels for safe keeping, and they are stolen from that man's house, the thief, if he is found, shall restore twofold. 8But if the thief is not found, the owner of the house shall appear before God, to make a declaration that he has not touched his neighbour's property. 9In every case of law-breaking involving an ox, an ass, or a sheep, a cloak, or any lost property which may be claimed, each party shall bring his case before God; he whom God declares to be in the wrong shall restore twofold to his neighbour.

10When a man gives an ass, an ox, a sheep or any beast into his neighbour's keeping, and it dies or is injured or is carried off, there being no witness, 11the neighbour shall swear by the LORD that he has not touched the man's property. The owner shall accept this, and no restitution shall be made. 12If it has been stolen from him, he shall make restitution to the owner. 13If it has been mauled by a wild beast, he shall bring it in as evidence; he shall not make restitution for what has been mauled.

14When a man borrows a beast from his neighbour and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, the borrower shall make full restitution , 15but if the owner is with it, the borrower shall not make restitution. If it was hired, only the hire shall be due.

Moral and religious laws.  Ex.22.16-31

16When a man seduces a virgin who is not yet betrothed, he shall pay the bride-price for her to be his wife. 17If her father refuses to give her to him, the seducer shall pay in silver a sum equal to the bride-price for virgins.

18You shall not allow a witch to live.

19Whoever has unnatural connection with a beast shall be put to death.

20Whoever sacrifices to any god but the LORD shall be put to death under solemn ban.

21You shall not wrong an alien, or be hard upon him; you were yourselves aliens in Egypt. 22You shall not ill-treat any widow or fatherless child. 23If you do, be sure that I will listen if they appeal to me; 24my anger will be roused and I will kill you with the sword; your own wives shall become widows and your children fatherless.

25If you advance money to any poor man amongst my people, you shall not act like a money-lender: you must not exact interest in advance from him.

26If you take your neighbour's cloak in pawn, you shall return it to him by sunset, 27because it is his only covering. It is the cloak in which he wraps his body; in what else can he sleep? If he appeals to me, I will listen, for I am full of compassion.

28You shall not revile God, nor curse a chief of your own people.

29You shall not hold back the first of your harvest, whether corn or wine. You shall give me your first-born sons. 30You shall do the same with your oxen and your sheep. They shall stay with the mother for seven days, on the eighth day you shall give them to me.

31You shall be holy to me: you shall not eat the fleshof anything in the open country killed by beasts, but you shall throw it to the dogs.


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