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Exodus: 16

Elim to the desert of Sin - Manna and quails.  Ex.16.1-36

1The whole community of the Israelites set out from Elim and came into the wilderness of Sin, which lies between Elim and Sinai. This was on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had left Egypt.

2The Israelites complained to Moses and Aaron in the wilderness 3and said, 'If only we had died at the LORD's hand in Egypt, where we sat round the fleshpots and had plenty of bread to eat! But you have brought us out into this wilderness to let this whole assembly starve to death.' 4The LORD said to Moses, 'I will rain down bread from heaven for you. Each day the people shall go out and gather a day's supply, so that I can put them to the test and see whether they will follow my instructions or not. 5But on the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it shall be twice as much as they have gathered on other days.' 6Moses and Aaron then said to all the Israelites, 'In the evening you will know that it was the LORD who brought you out of Egypt, 7and in the morning you will see the glory of the LORD, because he has heeded your complaints against him; it is not against us that you bring your complaints; we are nothing.' 8'You shall know this', Moses said, 'when the LORD, in answer to your complaints, gives you fleshto eat in the evening, and in the morning bread in plenty. What are we? It is against the LORD that you bring your complaints, and not against us.'

9Moses told Aaron to say to the whole community of Israel, 'Come into the presence of the LORD, for he has heeded your complaints.' 10While Aaron was speaking to the community of the Israelites, they. looked towards the wilderness, and there was the glory of the LORD appearing in the cloud. 11The LORD spoke to Moses and said, 12'I have heard the complaints of the Israelites. Say to them, "Between dusk and dark you will have fleshto eat and in the morning bread in plenty. You shall know that I the LORD am your God." '

13That evening a flock of quails flew in and settled all over the camp, and in the morning a fall of dew lay all around it. 14When the dew was gone, there in the wilderness, fine flakes appeared, fine as hoar-frost on the ground. 15When the Israelites saw it, they said to one another, 'What is that [Heb man-hu (cp v 31)]', because they did not know what it was. Moses said to them, 'That is the bread which the LORD has given you to eat. 16This is the command the LORD has given: "Each of you is to gather as much as he can eat: let every man take an omer a head for every person in his tent." ' 17The Israelites did this, and they gathered, some more, some less, 18but when they measured it by the omer, those who had gathered more had not too much, and those who had gathered less had not too little. Each had just as much as he could eat. 19Moses said, 'No one may keep any of it till morning.' 20Some, however, did not listen to Moses; they kept part of it till morning, and it became full of maggots and stank, and Moses was angry with them. 21Each morning every man gathered as much as he could eat, and when the sun grew hot, it melted away. 22On the sixth day they gathered twice as much food, two omers each. All the chiefs of the community came and told Moses. 23'This', he answered, 'is what the LORD has said: "Tomorrow is a day of sacred rest, a sabbath holy to the LORD." So bake what you want to bake now, and boil what you want to boil; put aside what remains over and keep it safe till morning.' 24So they put it aside till morning as Moses had commanded, and it did not stink, nor did maggots appear in it. 25'Eat it today,' said Moses, 'because today is a sabbath of the LORD. Today you will find none outside. 26For six days you may gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none.'

27Some of the people did go out to gather it on the seventh day, but they found none. 28The LORD said to Moses, 'How long will you refuse to obey my commands and instructions? 29The LORD has given you the sabbath, and so he gives you two days' food every sixth day. Let each man stay where he is ; no one may stir from his home on the seventh day.' 30And the people kept the sabbath on the seventh day.

31Israel called the food manna; it was white, like coriander seed, and it tasted like a wafer made with honey.

32'This', said Moses, 'is the command which the LORD has given: "Take a full omer of it to be kept for future generations, so that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness when I brought you out of Egypt." ' 33So Moses said to Aaron, 'Take a jar and fill it with an omer of manna, and store it in the presence of the LORD to be kept for future generations.' 34Aaron did as the LORD had commanded Moses, and stored it before the Testimony for safe keeping. 35The Israelites ate the manna for forty years until they came to a land where they could settle; they ate it until they came to the border of Canaan. (An omer is one tenth of an ephah.)


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