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THE PASSOVER.  Ex.12.1-14

1THE LORD SAID TO MOSES and Aaron in Egypt: 2This month is for you the first of months; you shall make it the first month of the year. 3Speak to the whole community of Israel and say to them: On the tenth day of this month let each man take a lamb or a kid for his family, one for each household, 4but if a household is too small for one lamb or one kid, then the man and his nearest neighbour may take one between them. They shall share the cost, taking into account both the number of persons and the amount each of them eats. 5Your lamb or kid must be without blemish, a yearling male. You may take equally a sheep or a goat. 6You must have it in safe keeping until the fourteenth day of this month, and then all the assembled community of Israel shall slaughter the victim between dusk and dark. 7They must take some of the blood and smear it on the two door-posts and on the lintel of every house in which they eat the lamb. 8On that night they shall eat the fleshroast on the fire; they shall eat it with unleavened cakes and bitter herbs. 9You are not to eat any of it raw or even boiled in water, but roasted, head, shins, and entrails. 10You shall not leave any of it till morning ; if anything is left over until morning, it must be destroyed by fire.

11This is the way in which you must eat it: you shall have your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand, and you must eat in urgent haste. It is the LORD's Passover. 12On that night I shall pass through the land of Egypt and kill every first-born of man and beast. Thus will I execute judgement, I the LORD, against all the gods of Egypt. 13And as for you, the blood will be a sign on the houses in which you are: when I see the blood I will pass over Or stand guard over you; the mortal blow shall not touch you, when I strike the land of Egypt.


14You shall keep this day as a day of remembrance, and make it a pilgrim-feast, a festival of the LORD; you shall keep it generation after generation as a rule for all time. 15For seven days you shall eat unleavened cakes. On the very first day you shall rid your houses of leaven; from the first day to the seventh anyone who eats leavened bread shall be outlawed from Israel. 16On the first day there shall be a sacred assembly and on the seventh day there shall be a sacred assembly: on these days no work shall be done, except what must be done to provide food for everyone; and that will be allowed. 17You will observe these commandments because this was the very day on which I brought you out of Egypt in your tribal hosts. You shall observe this day from generation to generation as a rule for all time.

18You shall eat unleavened cakes in the first month from the evening which begins the fourteenth day until the evening which begins the twenty-first day. 19For seven days no leaven may be found in your houses, for anyone who eats anything fermented shall be outlawed from the community of Israel, be he foreigner or native. 20You must eat nothing fermented. Wherever you live you must eat your cakes unleavened.

The first Passover.  Ex.12.21-28

21Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, 'Go at once and get sheep for your families and slaughter the Passover. 22Then take a bunch of marjoram Or hyssop, dip it in the blood in the basin Or on the threshold and smear some blood from the basin Or from the threshold on the Iintel and the two door-posts. Nobody may go out through the door of his house till morning. 23The LORD will go through Egypt and strike it, but when he sees the blood on the lintel and the two door-posts, he will pass over that door and will not let the destroyer enter your houses to strike you. 24You shall keep this as a rule for you and your children for all time. 25When you enter the land which the LORD will give you as he promised, you shall observe this rite. 26Then, when your children ask you, "What is the meaning of this rite?" 27you shall say, "It is the LORD's Passover, for he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt when he struck the Egyptians but spared our houses." ' The people bowed down and prostrated themselves.

The death of the firstborn.  Ex.12.28-36

28The Israelites went and did all that the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron; 29and by midnight the LORD had struck down every first-born in Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh on his throne to the first-born of the captive in the dungeon, and the first-born of cattle. 30Before night was over Pharaoh rose, he and all his courtiers and all the Egyptians, and a great cry of anguish went up, because not a house in Egypt was without its dead. 31Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron while it was still night and said, 'Up with you! Be off, and leave my people, you and your Israelites. Go and worship the LORD, as you ask; 32take your sheep and cattle, and go; and ask God's blessing on me also.' 33The Egyptians urged on the people and hurried them out of the country, 'Or else', they said, 'we shall all be dead.' 34The people picked up their dough before it was leavened, wrapped their kneading-troughs in their cloaks, and slung them on their shoulders. 35Meanwhile the Israelites had done as Moses had told them, asking the Egyptians for jewellery of silver and gold and for clothing. 36As the LORD had made the Egyptians well-disposed towards them, they let them have what they asked; in this way they plundered the Egyptians.

THE EXODUS.  Ex.12.37-42

37THE ISRAELITES SET OUT from Rameses on the way to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, not counting dependants. 38And with them too went a large company of every kind, and cattle in great numbers, both flocks and herds. 39The dough they had brought from Egypt they baked into unleavened cakes, because there was no leaven; for they had been driven out of Egypt and allowed no time even to get food ready for themselves.

40The Israelites had been settled in Egypt for four hundred and thirty years. 41At the end of four hundred and thirty years, on this very day, all the tribes of the LORD came out of Egypt. 42This was a night of vigil as the LORD waited to bring them out of Egypt. It is the LORD's night; all Israelites keep their vigil generation after generation.

How the Passover should be celebrated.  Ex.12.43-51

43The LORD said to Moses and Aaron: These are the rules for the Passover. No foreigner may partake of it; 44any bought slave may eat it if you have circumcised him; 45no stranger or hired man may eat it. 46Each lamb must be eaten inside the one house, and you must not take any of the fleshoutside the house. You must not break a single bone of it. 47The whole community of Israel shall keep this feast. 48If there are aliens living with you and they are to keep the Passover to the LORD, every male of them must be circumcised, and then he can take part; he shall rank as native-born. No one who is uncircumcised may eat of it. 49The same law shall apply both to the native-born and to the alien who is living among you.

50The Israelites did all that the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron; and 51on this very day the LORD brought the Israelites out of Egypt mustered in their tribal hosts.

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