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Mark

The coming of Christ

  1. The Preaching of John the Baptist written 45-60ce. Story opens c (Judaea )[ Mk.1.1-8 → ] - Mt.3.1-12, Lk.3.1-9, Jn.1.19-28 1HERE BEGINS THE GOSPEL of Jesus Christ the Son of God. [Some witnesses omit: the Son of God]

2 [ Mal.3.1. ] In the prophet Isaiah it stands written: 'Here is my herald whom I send on ahead of you, and he will prepare your way. 3 [ Is.40.1. ] A voice crying aloud in the wilderness, "Prepare a way for the Lord; clear a straight path for him."' 4And so it was that John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness proclaiming a baptism in token of repentance, for the forgiveness of sins, 5and they flocked to him from the whole Judaean country-side and the city of Jerusalem, and were baptized by him in the River Jordan, confessing their sins.

6John was dressed in a rough coat of camel's hair, with a leather belt round his waist, and he fed on locusts and wild honey. 7His proclamation ran: 'After me comes one who is mightier than I. I am not fit to unfasten his shoes. 8I have baptized you with water; he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.'

The Baptism of Jesus [ Mk.1.9-11 → ] - Mt.3.13-17, Lk.3.21-22

9It happened at this time that Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized in the Jordan by John. 10At the moment when he came up out of the water, he saw the heavens torn open and the Spirit, like a dove, descending upon him. 11And a voice spoke from heaven: 'Thou art my Son, my Beloved; [Or: Thou art my only Son.] on thee my favour rests.'

The Temptation of Jesus (Wilderness of Judaea)[ Mk.1.12-13 → ] - Mt.4.1-11, Lk.4.1-13

12Thereupon the Spirit sent him away into the wilderness, 13and there he remained for forty days tempted by Satan. He was among the wild beasts; and the angels waited on him.

In Galilee: success and opposition

The Calling of Four Fishermen (Capernaum)[ Mk.1.14-20 → ] - Mt.4.18-22, Lk.4.14-15, Lk.5.1-11

14AFTER JOHN HAD BEEN ARRESTED, Jesus came into Galilee proclaiming the Gospel of God: 15'The time has come; the kingdom of God is upon you; repent, and believe the Gospel.'

16Jesus was walking by the shore of the Sea of Galilee when he saw Simon and his brother Andrew on the lake at work with a casting-net; for they were fishermen. 17Jesus said to them, 'Come with me, and I will make you fishers of men.' 18And at once they left their nets and followed him.

19When he had gone a little further he saw James son of Zebedee and his brother John, who were in the boat overhauling their nets. 20He called them; and, leaving their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired men, they went off to follow him.

The Man with an Unclean Spirit (Capernaum)[ Mk.1.21-28 → ] - Lk.4.31-37

21They came to Capernaum, and on the Sabbath he went to synagogue and began to teach. 22The people were astounded at his teaching, for, unlike the doctors of the law, he taught with a note of authority. 23Now there was a man in the synagogue possessed by an unclean spirit. 24He shrieked: 'What do you want with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you [Or: You have.] come to destroy us? I know who you are-the Holy One of God.' 25Jesus rebuked him: 'Be silent', he said, 'and come out of him.' 26And the unclean spirit threw the man into convulsions and with a loud cry left him. 27They were all dumbfounded and began to ask one another, 'What is this? A new kind of teaching! He speaks with authority. When he gives orders, even the unclean spirits submit.' 28The news spread rapidly, and he was soon spoken of all over the district of Galilee.

Jesus heals many people (Capernaum)[ Mk.1.29-34 → ] - Mt.8.14-17, Lk.4.38-41

29On leaving the synagogue they went straight to the house of Simon and Andrew; and James and John went with them. 30Simon's mother-in-law was ill in bed with fever. 31They told him about her at once. He came forward, took her by the hand, and helped her to her feet. The fever left her and she waited upon them.

32That evening after sunset they brought to him all who were ill or possessed by devils; 33and the whole town was there, gathered at the door. 34He healed many who suffered from various diseases, and drove out many devils. He would not let the devils speak, because they knew who he was.

Jesus preaches in Galilee (Galilee)[ Mk.1.35-39 → ] - Lk.4.42-44

35Very early next morning he got up and went out. He went away to a lonely spot and remained there in prayer. 36But Simon and his companions searched him out, 37found him, and said, 'They are all looking for you.' 38He answered, 'Let us move on to the country towns in the neighbourhood; I have to proclaim my message there also; that is what I came out to do.' 39So all through Galilee he went, preaching in the synagogues and casting out the devils.

The Cleansing of a Leper (Galilee)[ Mk.1.40-45 → ] - Mt.8.1-4, Lk.5.12-16

40Once he was approached by a leper, who knelt before him begging his help. 'If only you will,' said the man, 'you can cleanse me.' 41In warm indignation Jesus stretched out his hand, [Some witnesses read: Jesus was sorry for him and stretched out his hand; one witness has simply: He stretched out his hand.] touched him, and said, 'Indeed I will; be clean again.' 42The leprosy left him immediately, and he was clean. 43Then he dismissed him with this stern warning: 44'Be sure you say nothing to anybody. Go and show yourself to the priest, and make the offering laid down by Moses for your cleansing; that will certify the cure.' 45But the man went out and made the whole story public; he spread it far and wide, until Jesus could no longer show himself in any town, but stayed outside in the open country. Even so, people kept coming to him from all quarters.


  2.The Healing of a Paralytic (Capernaum)[ Mk.2.1-12 → ] - Mt.9.1-8, Lk.5.17-26

1When after some days he returned to Capernaum, the news went round that he was at home; 2and such a crowd collected that the space in front of the door was not big enough to hold them. And while he was proclaiming the message to them, 3a man was brought who was paralysed. 4Four men were carrying him, but because of the crowd they could not get him near. So they opened up the roof over the place where Jesus was, and when they had broken through they lowered the stretcher on which the paralysed man was lying. 5When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralysed man, 'My son, your sins are forgiven.'

6Now there were some lawyers sitting there and they thought to themselves, 7'Why does the fellow talk like that? This is blasphemy! Who but God alone can forgive sins?' 8Jesus knew in his own mind that this was what they were thinking, and said to them: 'Why do you harbour thoughts like these? 9Is it easier to say to this paralysed man, "Your sins are forgiven", or to say, "Stand up, take your bed, and walk"? 10But to convince you that the Son of Man has the right on earth to forgive sins'—he turned to the paralysed man— 11'I say to you, stand up, take your bed, and go home.' 12And he got up, took his stretcher at once, and went out in full view of them all, so that they were astounded and praised God. 'Never before', they said, 'have we seen the like.'

The Calling of Levi (Capernaum)[ Mk.2.13-17 → ] - Mt.9.9-13, Lk.5.27-32

13Once more he went away to the lake-side. All the crowd came to him, and he taught them there. 14As he went along, he saw Levi son of Alphaeus at his seat in the custom-house, and said to him, 'Follow me'; and Levi rose and followed him.

15When Jesus was at table in his house, many bad characters—tax-gatherers and others—were seated with him and his disciples; for there were many who followed him. 16Some doctors of the law who were Pharisees noticed him eating in this bad company, and said to his disciples, 'He eats with tax-gatherers and sinners!' 17Jesus overheard and said to them, 'It is not the healthy that need a doctor, but the sick; I did not come to invite virtuous people, but sinners.'

The Question about Fasting (Capernaum)[ Mk.2.18-22 → ] - Mt.9.14-17, Lk.5.33-39

18Once, when John's disciples and the Pharisees were keeping a fast, some people came to him and said, 'Why is it that John's disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees are fasting, but yours are not?' 19Jesus said to them, 'Can you expect the bridegroom's friends to fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them, there can be no fasting. 20But the time will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them, and on that day they will fast.

21'No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth on to an old coat; if he does, the patch tears away from it, the new from the old, and leaves a bigger hole. 22No one puts new wine into old wine-skins, if he does, the wine will burst the skins, and then wine and skins are both lost. Fresh skins for new wine!'

Plucking Grain on the Sabbath (Galilee)[ Mk.2.23-28 → ] - Mt.12.1-8, Lk.6.1-5

23One Sabbath he was going through the cornfields; and his disciples, as they went, began to pluck ears of corn. 24The Pharisees said to him, 'Look, why are they doing what is forbidden on the Sabbath?' 25He answered, 'Have you never read what David did when he and his men were hungry and had nothing to eat? 26He went into the House of God, in the time of Abiathar the High Priest, and ate the sacred bread, though no one but a priest is allowed to eat them, and even gave them to his men.'

27He also said to them, 'The Sabbath was made for the sake of man and not man for the Sabbath: 28therefore the Son of Man is sovereign even over the Sabbath.'


  3.The Man with a Withered Hand (Capernaum)[ Mk.3.1-6 → ] - Mt.12.9-14, Lk.6.6-11

1On another occasion when he went to synagogue, there was a man in the congregation who had a withered arm; 2and they were watching to see whether Jesus would cure him on the Sabbath, so that they could bring a charge against him. 3He said to the man with the withered arm, 'Come and stand out here.' 4Then he turned to them: 'Is it permitted to do good or to do evil on the Sabbath, to save life or to kill?' 5They had nothing to say; and, looking round at them with anger and sorrow at their obstinate stupidity, he said to the man, 'Stretch out your arm.' He stretched it out and his arm was restored. 6But the Pharisees, on leaving the synagogue, began plotting against him with the partisans of Herod to see how they could make away with him.

A Multitude at the Seaside (Gennesaret)

7JESUS WENT AWAY to the lake-side with his disciples. 8Great numbers from Galilee, Judaea and Jerusalem, Idumaea and Transjordan, and the neighbourhood of Tyre and Sidon, heard what he was doing and came to see him. 9So he told his disciples to have a boat ready for him, to save him from being crushed by the crowd. 10For he cured so many that sick people of all kinds came crowding in upon him to touch him. 11The unclean spirits too, when they saw him, would fall at his feet and cry aloud, 'You are the Son of God'; 12but he insisted that they should not make him known.

The choosing of the Twelve (Galilee)[ Mk.3.13-19 → ] - Mt.10.1-4, Lk.6.12-16

13He then went up into the hill-country and called the men he wanted; and they went and joined him. 14He appointed twelve as his companions, whom he would send out to proclaim the Gospel, 15with a commission to drive out devils. 16So he appointed the Twelve: to Simon he gave the name Peter; 17then came the sons of Zebedee, James and his brother John, to whom he gave the name Boanerges, Sons of Thunder; 18then Andrew and Philip and Bartholomew and Matthew and Thomas and James the son of Alphaeus and Thaddaeus and Simon, a member of the Zealot party, 19and Judas Iscariot, the man who betrayed him.

Jesus and Beelzebul [ Mk.3.20-30 → ] - Mt.12.22-32, Lk.11.14-23, Lk.12.10

20He entered a house; and once more such a crowd collected round them that they had no chance to eat. 21When his family heard of this, they set out to take charge of him; for people were saying that he was out of his mind. [Or: of him. 'He is out of his mind', they said.]

22The doctors of the law, too, who had come down from Jerusalem, said, 'He is possessed by Beelzebub', and, 'He drives out devils by the prince of devils.' 23So he called them to come forward, and spoke to them in parables: 'How can Satan drive out Satan? 24If a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand; 25if a household is divided against itself, that house will never stand; 26and if Satan is in rebellion against himself, he is divided and cannot stand; and that is the end of him.

27'On the other hand, no one can break into a strong man's house and make off with his goods unless he has first tied the strong man up; then he can ransack the house.

28'I tell you this: no sin, no slander, is beyond forgiveness for men; 29but whoever slanders the Holy Spirit can never be forgiven; he is guilty of eternal sin.' 30He said this because they had declared that he was possessed by an unclean spirit.

The Mother and Brothers of Jesus (Capernaum)[ Mk.3.31-35 → ] - Mt.12.46-50, Lk.8.19-21

31Then his mother and his brothers arrived, and remaining outside sent in a message asking him to come out to them. 32A crowd was sitting round and word was brought to him: 'Your mother and your brothers are outside asking for you.' 33He replied, 'Who is my mother? Who are my brothers?' 34And looking round at those who were sitting in the circle about him he said, 'Here are my mother and my brothers. 35Whoever does the will of God is my brother, my sister, my mother.'


  4.The Parable of the Sower (Plain of Gennesaret)[ Mk.4.1-9 → ] - Mt.13.1-9, Lk.8.4-8

1ON ANOTHER OCCASION he began to teach by the lake-side. The crowd that gathered round him was so large that he had to get into a boat on the lake, and there he sat, with the whole crowd on the beach right down to the water's edge. 2And he taught them many things by parables.

As he taught he said:

3'Listen! A sower went out to sow. 4And it happened that as he sowed, some seed fell along the footpath; and the birds came and ate it up. 5Some seed fell on rocky ground, where it had little soil, and it sprouted quickly because it had no depth of earth; 6but when the sun rose the young corn was scorched, and as it had no proper root it withered away. 7Some seed fell among thistles; but the thistles shot up and choked the corn, and it yielded no crop. 8And some of the seed fell into good soil, where it came up and grew, and bore fruit; and the yield was thirtyfold, sixtyfold, even a hundredfold.'
9He added, 'If you have ears to hear, then hear.'

The Purpose of the Parables (Plain of Gennesaret)[ Mk.4.10-12 → ] - Mt.13.10-17, Lk.8.9-10

10When he was alone, the Twelve and others who were round him questioned him about the parables. 11He replied, 'To you the secret of the kingdom of God has been given, but to those who are outside everything comes by way of parables, 12 [ Is.6.9-10. ] so that (as Scripture says) they may look and look, but see nothing; they may hear and hear, but understand nothing; otherwise they might turn to God and be forgiven.'

The Parable of the Sower Explained [ Mk.4.13-20 → ] - Mt.13.18-23, Lk.8.11-13

13So he said, 'You do not understand this parable? How then are you to understand any parable? 14The sower sows the word. 15Those along the footpath are people in whom the word is sown, but no sooner have they heard it than Satan comes and carries off the word which has been sown in them. 16It is the same with those who receive the seed on rocky ground; as soon as they hear the word, they accept it with joy, 17but it strikes no root in them; they have no staying-power; then, when there is trouble or persecution on account of the word, they fall away at once. 18Others again receive the seed among thistles; they hear the word, 19but worldly cares and the false glamour of wealth and all kinds of evil desire come in and choke the word, and it proves barren. 20And there are those who receive the seed in good soil; they hear the word and welcome it; and they bear fruit thirtyfold, sixtyfold, or a hundredfold.'

A Light under a Bushel (Plain of Gennesaret)[ Mk.4.21-25 → ] - Lk.8.16-18

21He said to them, 'Do you bring in the lamp to put it under the meal-tub, or under the bed? Surely it is brought to be set on the lamp-stand? 22For nothing is hidden unless it is to be disclosed, and nothing put under cover unless it is to come into the open. 23If you have ears to hear, then hear.'

24He also said, 'Take note of what you hear; the measure you give is the measure you will receive, 25with something more besides. For the man who has will be given more, and the man who has not will forfeit even what he has.'

The Parable of the Growing Seed

26He said, 'The kingdom of God is like this. A man scatters seed on the land; 27he goes to bed at night and gets up in the morning, and the seed sprouts and grows—how, he does not know. 28The ground produces a crop by itself, first the blade, then the ear, then full-grown corn in the ear; 29but as soon as the crop is ripe, he sets to work with the sickle, because harvest-time has come.'

The Parable of the Mustard Seed [ Mk.4.30-32 → ] - Mt.13.31-33, Lk.13.18-21

30He said also, 'How shall we picture the kingdom of God, or by what parable shall we describe it? 31It is like the mustard-seed, which is smaller than any seed in the ground at its sowing. 32But once sown, it springs up and grows taller than any other plant, and forms branches so large that the birds can settle in its shade.'

The Use of the Parables (Plain of Gennesaret)[ Mk.4.33-34 → ] - Mt.13.34-35

33With many such parables he would give them his message, so far as they were able to receive it. 34He never spoke to them except in parables; but privately to his disciples he explained everything.

Miracles of Christ

The Calming of a Storm (Sea of Gennesaret)[ Mk.4.35-41 → ] - Mt.8.23-27, Lk.8.22-25

35THAT DAY, in the evening, he said to them, 'Let us cross over to the other side of the lake.' 36So they left the crowd and took him with them in the boat where he had been sitting; and there were other boats accompanying him. 37A heavy squall came on and the waves broke over the boat until it was all but swamped. 38Now he was in the stern asleep on a cushion; they roused him and said, 'Master, we are sinking! Do you not care?' 39He stood up, rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, 'Hush! Be still!' The wind dropped and there was a dead calm. 40He said to them, 'Why are you such cowards? Have you no faith even now?' 41They were awestruck and said to one another, 'Who can this be whom even the wind and the sea obey?'


  5. The Healing of the Gadarene Demoniac (Gadara)[ Mk.5.1-20 → ] - Mt.8.28-34, Lk.8.26-39

1So they came to the other side of the lake, into the country of the Gerasenes. 2As he stepped ashore, a man possessed by an unclean spirit came up to him from among the tombs where he had his dwelling. 3He could no longer be controlled; even chains were useless; he had often been fettered and chained up, 4but he had snapped his chains and broken the fetters. No one was strong enough to master him. 5And so, unceasingly, night and day, he would cry aloud among the tombs and on the hill-sides and cut himself with stones. 6When he saw Jesus in the distance, he ran and flung himself down before him, 7shouting loudly, 'What do you want with me, Jesus, son of the Most High God? In God's name do not torment me.' 8(For Jesus was already saying to him, 'Out, unclean spirit, come out of this man!') 9Jesus asked him, 'What is your name?' 'My name is Legion,' he said, 'there are so many of us.' 10And he begged hard that Jesus would not send them out of the country.

11Now there happened to be a large herd of pigs feeding on the hill-side, 12and the spirits begged him, 'Send us among the pigs and let us go into them.' 13He gave them leave; and the unclean spirits came out and went into the pigs; and the herd, of about two thousand, rushed over the edge into the lake and were drowned.

14The men in charge of them took to their heels and carried the news to the town and country-side; and the people came out to see what had happened. 15They came to Jesus and saw the madman who had been possessed by the legion of devils, sitting there clothed and in his right mind; and they were afraid. 16The spectators told them how the madman had been cured and what had happened to the pigs. 17Then they begged Jesus to leave the district.

18As he was stepping into the boat, the man who had been possessed begged to go with him. 19Jesus would not allow it, but said to him, 'Go home to your own folk and tell them what the Lord in his mercy has done for you.' 20The man went off and spread the news in the Ten Towns [Greek: Decapolis.] of all that Jesus had done for him, and they were all amazed.

Jairus' Daughter and the Woman who Touched Jesus' Garment (Capernaum)[ Mk.5.21-43 → ] - Mt.9.18-26, Lk.8.40-56

21As soon as Jesus had returned by boat to the other shore, a great crowd once more gathered round him. 22While he was by the lake-side, the president of one of the synagogues came up, Jairus by name, and, when he saw him, threw himself down at his feet 23and pleaded with him. 'My little daughter', he said, 'is at death's door. 24I beg you to come and lay your hands on her to cure her and save her life.' So Jesus went with him, accompanied by a great crowd which pressed upon him.

25Among them was a woman who had suffered from haemorrhages for twelve years; 26and in spite of long treatment by doctors, on which she had spent all she had, there had been no improvement; on the contrary, she had grown worse. 27She had heard what people were saying about Jesus, so she came up from behind in the crowd and touched his cloak; 28for she said to herself, 'If I touch even his clothes, I shall be cured.' 29And there and then the source of her haemorrhages dried up and she knew in herself that she was cured of her trouble. 30At the same time Jesus, aware that power had gone out of him, turned round in the crowd and asked, 'Who touched my clothes?' 31His disciples said to him, 'You see the crowd pressing upon you and yet you ask, "Who touched me?" ' 32Meanwhile he was looking round to see who had done it. 33And the woman, trembling with fear when she grasped what had happened to her, came and fell at his feet and told him the whole truth. 34He said to her, 'My daughter, your faith has cured you. Go in peace, free for ever from this trouble.'

35While he was still speaking, a message came from the president's house, 'Your daughter is dead; why trouble the Rabbi further?' 36But Jesus, overhearing the message as it was delivered, said to the president of the synagogue, 'Do not be afraid; only have faith.' 37After this he allowed no one to accompany him except Peter and James and James's brother John. 38They came to the president's house, where he found a great commotion, with loud crying and wailing. 39So he went in and said to them, 'Why this crying and commotion? The child is not dead: she is asleep.' 40But they only laughed at him. After turning all the others out, he took the child's father and mother and his own companions and went in where the child was lying. 41Then, taking hold of her hand, he said to her, 'Talitha cum', which means, 'Get up, my child.' 42Immediately the girl got up and walked about-she was twelve years old. At that they were beside themselves with amazement. 43He gave them strict orders to let no one hear about it, and told them to give her something to eat.


  6.The Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth (Nazareth)[ Mk.6.1-6 → ] - Mt.13.53-58, Lk.4.16-30

1He left that place and went to his home town accompanied by his disciples. 2When the Sabbath came he began to teach in the synagogue; and the large congregation who heard him were amazed and said, 'Where does he get it from?', and, 'What wisdom is this that has been given him?', and, 'How does he work such miracles? 3Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, [Some witnesses read: Is not this the son of the carpenter and Mary ...] the brother of James and Joseph and Judas and Simon? 4And are not his sisters here with us?' So they fell foul of him. Jesus said to them, 'A prophet will always be held in honour except in his home town, and among his kinsmen and family.' 5He could work no miracle there, except that he put his hands on a few sick people and healed them; [6a.) and he was taken aback by their want of faith.

The mission of the Twelve [ Mk.6.6-13 → ] - Mt.10.5-15, Lk.9.1-6

6[b.] ON ONE OF HIS TEACHING JOURNEYS round the villages 7he summoned the Twelve and sent them out in pairs on a mission. 8He gave them authority over unclean spirits, and instructed them to take nothing for the journey beyond a stick: no bread, no pack, no money in their belts. 9They might wear sandals, but not a second coat. 10'When you are admitted to a house', he added, 'stay there until you leave those parts. 11At any place where they will not receive you or listen to you, shake the dust off your feet as you leave, as a warning to them.' 12So they set out and called publicly for repentance. 13They drove out many devils, and many sick people they anointed with oil and cured.

The Death of John the Baptist [ Mk.6.14-29 → ] - Mt.14.1-12, Lk.9.7-9

14Now King Herod heard of it, for the fame of Jesus had spread; and people were saying, [Some witnesses read: and he said ...] 'John the Baptist has been raised to life, and that is why these miraculous powers are at work in him.' 15Others said, 'It is Elijah.' Others again, 'He is a prophet like one of the old prophets.' 16But Herod, when he heard of it, said, 'This is John, whom I beheaded, raised from the dead.'

17For this same Herod had sent and arrested John and put him in prison at the instance of his brother Philip's wife, Herodias, whom he had married. 18John had told Herod, 'You have no right to your brother's wife.' 19Thus Herodias nursed a grudge against him and would willingly have killed him, but she could not; 20for Herod went in awe of John, knowing him to be a good and holy man; so he kept him in custody. He liked to listen to him, although the listening left him greatly perplexed.

21Herodias found her opportunity when Herod on his birthday gave a banquet to his chief officials and commanders and the leading men of Galilee. 22Her daughter came in [Or: A festive occasion came when Herod on his birthday gave ... of Galilee. The Daughter of Herodias came in ...] and danced, and so delighted Herod and his guests that the king said to the girl, 'Ask what you like and I will give it you.' 23And he swore an oath to her: 'Whatever you ask I will give you, up to half my kingdom.' 24She went out and said to her mother, 'What shall I ask for?' She replied, 'The head of John the Baptist.' 25The girl hastened back at once to the king with her request: 'I want you to give me here and now, on a dish, the head of John the Baptist.' 26The king was greatly distressed, but out of regard for his oath and for his guests he could not bring himself to refuse her. 27So the king sent a soldier of the guard with orders to bring John's head. The soldier went off and beheaded him in the prison, 28brought the head on a dish, and gave it to the girl; and she gave it to her mother.

29When John's disciples heard the news, they came and took his body away and laid it in a tomb.

The Feeding of the Five Thousand (Bethsaida)[ Mk.6.30-44 → ] - Mt.14.13-21, Lk.9.10-17, Jn.6.1-14

30The apostles now rejoined Jesus and reported to him all that they had done and taught. 31He said to them, 'Come with me, by yourselves, to some lonely place where you can rest quietly.' (For they had no leisure even to eat, so many were coming and going.) 32Accordingly, they set off privately by boat for a lonely place. 33But many saw them leave and recognized them, and came round by land, hurrying from all the towns towards the place, and arrived there first. 34When he came ashore, he saw a great crowd; and his heart went out to them, because they were like sheep without a shepherd; and he had much to teach them. 35As the day wore on, his disciples approached him and said, 'This is a lonely place and it is getting very late; 36send the people off to the farms and villages round about, to buy themselves something to eat.' 37'Give them something to eat yourselves', he answered. 38They replied, 'Are we to go and spend twenty pounds [Literally: 200 denarii.] on bread to give them a meal?' 'How many loaves have you?' he asked; 'go and see.' They found out and told him, 'Five, and two fishes also.' 39He ordered them to make the people sit down in groups on the green grass, 40and they sat down in rows, a hundred rows of fifty each. 41Then, taking the five loaves and the two fishes, he looked up to heaven, said the blessing, broke the loaves, and gave them to the disciples to distribute. 42He also divided the two fishes among them. 43They all ate to their hearts' content; and twelve great basketfuls of scraps were picked up, with what was left of the fish. 44Those who ate the loaves numbered five thousand men.

Walking on the Water (Lake of Gennesaret)[ Mk.6.45-52 → ] - Mt.14.22-33, Jn.6.15-21

45As soon as it was over he made his disciples embark and cross to Bethsaida ahead of him, while he himself sent the people away. 46After taking leave of them, he went up the hill-side to pray. 47It grew late and the boat was already well out on the water, while he was alone on the land. 48Somewhere between three and six in the morning, seeing them labouring at the oars against a head-wind, he came towards them, walking on the lake. 49He was going to pass them by; but when they saw him walking on the lake, they thought it was a ghost and cried out; 50for they all saw him and were terrified. But at once he spoke to them: 'Take heart! 51It is I; do not be afraid.' Then he climbed into the boat beside them, and the wind dropped. At this they were completely dumbfounded, 52for they had not understood the incident of the loaves; their minds were closed.

The Healing of the Sick in Gennesaret (Lake of Gennesaret)[ Mk.6.53-56 → ] - Mt.14.34-36

53So they finished the crossing and came to land at Gennesaret, where they made fast. 54When they came ashore, he was immediately recognized; 55and the people scoured that whole country-side and brought the sick on stretchers to any place where he was reported to be. 56Wherever he went, to farmsteads, villages, or towns, they laid out the sick in the marketplaces and begged him to let them simply touch the edge of his cloak; and all who touched him were cured.


Growing tension

  7.The Tradition of the Elders (Capernaum)[ Mk.7.1-23 → ] - Mt.15.1-20

1A GROUP OF PHARISEES, with some doctors of the law who had come from Jerusalem, met him 2and noticed that some of his disciples were eating their food with 'defiled' hands—in other words, without washing them. 3(For the Pharisees and the Jews in general never eat without washing the hands, [Some witnesses insert: with the fist; others insert: frequently; or: thoroughly.] in obedience to an old-established tradition; 4and on coming from the market-place they never eat without first washing. And there are many other points on which they have a traditional rule to maintain, for example, washing of cups and jugs and copper bowls.) 5Accordingly, these Pharisees and the lawyers asked him, 'Why do your disciples not conform to the ancient tradition, but eat their food with defiled hands?' 6 [ Is.29.13. ] He answered, 'Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites in these words: "This people pays me lip-service, but their heart is far from me: 7their worship of me is in vain, for they teach as doctrines the commandments of men." 8You neglect the commandment of God, in order to maintain the tradition of men.'

9He also said to them, 'How well you set aside the commandment of God in order to maintain [Some witnesses read: establish.] your tradition! 10 [ Ex.20.12, Dt.5.16. ] Moses said, "Honour your father and your mother", and, "The man who curses his father or mother must suffer death." 11But you hold that if a man says to his father or mother, "Anything of mine which might have been used for your benefit is Corban"' (meaning, set apart for God), 12'he is no longer permitted to do anything for his father or mother. 13Thus by your own tradition, handed down among you, you make God's word null and void. And many other things that you do are just like that.'

14On another occasion he called the people and said to them, 'Listen to me, all of you, and understand this: 15nothing that goes into a man from outside can defile him; no, it is the things that come out of him that defile a man.' 16[Some manuscripts here add: 'If you have ears to hear, then hear.']

17When he had left the people and gone indoors, his is disciples questioned him about the parable. 18He said to them, 'Are you as dull as the rest? Do you not see that nothing that goes from outside into a man can 19defile him, because it does not enter into his heart but into his stomach, and so passes out into the drain?' 20Thus he declared all foods clean. He went on, 'It is what comes out of a man that defiles him. 21For from inside, out of a man's heart, come evil thoughts, acts of fornication, of theft, murder, 22adultery, ruthless greed, and malice; fraud, indecency, envy, slander, arrogance, and folly; 23these evil things all come from inside, and they defile the man.'

The Syrophoenician Woman's Faith [ Mk.7.24-30 → ] - Mt.15.21-28

24Then he left that place and went away into the territory of Tyre. He found a house to stay in, and he would have liked to remain unrecognized, but this was impossible. 25Almost at once a woman whose young daughter was possessed by an unclean spirit heard of him, came in, and fell at his feet. 26(She was a Gentile, a Phoenician of Syria by nationality.) She begged him to drive the spirit out of her daughter. 27He said to her, 'Let the children be satisfied first; it is not fair to take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs.' 28'Sir,' she answered, 'even the dogs under the table eat the children's scraps.' 29He said to her, 'For saying that, you may go home content; the unclean spirit has gone out of your daughter.' 30And when she returned home, she found the child lying in bed; the spirit had left her.

A Deaf and Dumb Man Healed (Tyre & Sidon)

31On his return journey from Tyrian territory he went by way of Sidon to the Sea of Galilee through the territory of the Ten Towns. [Greek: Decapolis.] 32They brought to him a man who was deaf and had an impediment in his speech, with the request that he would lay his hand on him. 33He took the man aside, away from the crowd, put his fingers into his ears, spat, and touched his tongue. 34Then, looking up to heaven, he sighed, and said to him, 'Ephphatha', which means 'Be opened.' 35With that his ears were opened, and at the same time the impediment was removed and he spoke plainly. 36Jesus forbade them to tell anyone; but the more he forbade them, the more they published it. 37Their astonishment knew no bounds: 'All that he does, he does well,' they said; 'he even makes the deaf hear and the dumb speak.'


  8.The Feeding of the Four Thousand (Gennesaret)[ Mk.8.1-10 → ] - Mt.15.32-39

1THERE WAS ANOTHER OCCASION about this time when a huge crowd had collected, and, as they had no food, Jesus called his disciples and said to them, 2'I feel sorry for all these people; they have been with me now for three days and have nothing to eat. 3If I send them home unfed, they will turn faint on the way; some of them have come from a distance.' 4The disciples answered, 'How can anyone provide all these people with bread in this lonely place?' 5'How many loaves have you?' he asked; and they answered, 'Seven.' 6So he ordered the people to sit down on the ground; then he took the seven loaves, and, after giving thanks to God, he broke the bread and gave it to his disciples to distribute; and they served it out to the people. 7They had also a few small fishes, which she blessed and ordered them to distribute. 8They all ate to their hearts' content, and seven baskets were filled with the scraps that were left. 9The people numbered about four thousand. 10Then he dismissed them; and, without delay, got into the boat with his disciples and went to the district of Dalmanutha. [Some witnesses give: Magedan; others give: Magdala.]

The Demand for a Sign (Gennesaret)[ Mk.8.11-13 → ] - Mt.16.1-4, Lk.12.54-56

11Then the Pharisees came out and engaged him in discussion. 12To test him they asked him for a sign from heaven. He sighed deeply to himself and said, 'Why does this generation ask for a sign? I tell you this: no sign shall be given to this generation.' 13With that he left them, re-embarked, and went off to the other side of the lake.

The Leaven of the Pharisees and of Herod (Gennesaret)[ Mk.8.14-21 → ] - Mt.16.5-12

14Now they had forgotten to take bread with them; they had no more than one loaf in the boat. 15He began to warn them: 'Beware,' he said, 'be on your guard against the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.' 16They said among themselves, 'It is because we have no bread.' 17Knowing what was in their minds, he asked them, 'Why do you talk about having no bread? Have you no inkling yet? Do you still not understand? Are your minds closed? 18 [ Is.6.9-10. ] You have eyes: can you not see? You have ears: can you not hear? Have you forgotten? 19When I broke the five loaves among five thousand, how many basketfuls of scraps did you pick up?' 'Twelve', they said. 20'And how many when I broke the seven loaves among four thousand?' 21They answered, 'Seven.' He said, 'Do you still not understand?'

The Healing of a Blind Man at Bethsaida (Bethsaida)

22They arrived at Bethsaida. There the people brought a blind man to Jesus and begged him to touch him. 23He took the blind man by the hand and led him away out of the village. Then he spat on his eyes, laid his hands upon him, and asked whether he could see anything. 24The man's sight began to come back, and he said, 'I see men; they look like trees, but they are walking about.' 25Jesus laid his hands on his eyes again; he looked hard, and now he was cured so that he saw everything clearly. 26Then Jesus sent him home, saying, 'Do not tell anyone in the village.' [Some witnesses read: Do not go into the village.]

Peter's Declaration about Jesus [ Mk.8.27-30 → ] - Mt.16.13-20, Lk.9.18-21

27JESUS AND HIS DISCIPLES set out for the villages of Caesarea Philippi. On the way he asked his disciples, 'Who do men say I am?' 28They answered, 'Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, others one of the prophets.' 29'And you,' he asked, 'who do you say I am?' Peter replied: 'You are the Messiah.' 30Then he gave them strict orders not to tell anyone about him.

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection (Caesarea Philippi)[ Mk.8.31-9.1 → ] - Mt.16.21-28, Lk.9.22-27

31And he began to teach them that the Son of Man had to undergo great sufferings, and to be rejected by the elders, chief priests, and doctors of the law; to be put to death, and to rise again three days afterwards. 32He spoke about it plainly. At this Peter took him by the arm and began to rebuke him. 33But Jesus turned round, and, looking at his disciples, rebuked Peter. 'Away with you, Satan,' he said; 'you think as men think, not as God thinks.'

34Then he called the people to him, as well as his disciples, and said to them, 'Anyone who wishes to be a follower of mine must leave self behind; he must take up his cross, and come with me. 35Whoever cares for his own safety is lost; but if a man will let himself be lost for my sake and for the Gospel, that man is safe. 36What does a man gain by winning the whole world at the cost of his true self? 37What can he give to buy that self back? 38If anyone is ashamed of me and mine [Some witnesses read: me and my words.] in this wicked and godless age, the Son of Man will be ashamed of him, when he comes in the glory of his Father and of the holy angels.' [Some witnesses read: Father with the holy angels.]


  9.

1He also said, 'I tell you this: there are some of those standing here who will not taste death before they have seen the kingdom of God already come in power.'

The Transfiguration of Jesus (Mount Hermon)[ Mk.9.2-13 → ] - Mt.17.1-13, Lk.9.28-36

2Six days later Jesus took Peter, James, and John with him and led them up a high mountain where they were alone; and in their presence he was transfigured; 3his clothes became dazzling white, with a whiteness no bleacher on earth could equal. 4They saw Elijah appear, and Moses with him, and there they were, conversing with Jesus. 5Then Peter spoke: 'Rabbi,' he said, 'how good it is that we are here! Shall we make three shelters, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah?' 6(For he did not know what to say; they were so terrified.) 7Then a cloud appeared, casting its shadow over them, and out of the cloud came a voice: 'This is my Son, my Beloved; [Or: This is my only Son.] listen to him.' 8And now suddenly, when they looked around, there was nobody to be seen but Jesus alone with themselves.

9On their way down the mountain, he enjoined them not to tell anyone what they had seen until the Son of Man had risen from the dead. 10They seized upon those words, and discussed among themselves what this 'rising from the dead' could mean. 11And they put a question to him: 'Why do our teachers say that Elijah must be the first to come?' 12He replied, 'Yes, Elijah does come first to set everything right. Yet how is it [Or: Elijah, you say, comes first to set everything right: then how is it ...] that the scriptures say of the Son of Man that he is to endure great sufferings and to be treated with contempt? 13However, I tell you, Elijah has already come and they have worked their will upon him, as the scriptures say of him.'

The Healing of a Boy with an Unclean Spirit (Mount Hermon)[ Mk.9.14-29 → ] - Mt.17.14-21, Lk.9.37-43

14When they came back to the disciples they saw a large crowd surrounding them and lawyers arguing is with them. 15As soon as they saw Jesus the whole crowd were overcome with awe, and they ran forward to welcome him. 16He asked them, 'What is this argument about?' 17A man in the crowd spoke up: 'Master, I brought my son to you. He is possessed by a spirit which makes him speechless. 18Whenever it attacks him, is it dashes him to the ground, and he foams at the mouth, grinds his teeth, and goes rigid. I asked your disciples to cast it out, but they failed.' 19Jesus answered: 'What an unbelieving and perverse generation! How long shall I be with you? How long must I endure you? Bring him to me.' 20So they brought the boy to him; and as soon as the spirit saw him it threw the boy into convulsions, and he fell on the ground and rolled about foaming at the mouth. 21Jesus asked his father, 'How long has he been like this?' 'From childhood,' 22he replied; 'often it has tried to make an end of him by throwing him into the fire or into water. But if it is at all possible for you, take pity upon us and help us.' 23'If it is possible!' said Jesus. 'Everything is possible to one who has faith.' 24'I have faith,' cried the boy's father; 'help me where faith falls short.' 25Jesus saw then that the crowd was closing in upon them, so he rebuked the unclean spirit. 'Deaf and dumb spirit.' he said, 'I command you, come out of him and never go back!' 26After crying aloud and racking him fiercely, it came out; and the boy looked like a corpse; in fact, many said, 'He is dead.' 27But Jesus took his hand and raised him to his feet, and he stood up.

28Then Jesus went indoors, and his disciples asked him privately, 'Why could not we cast it out?' 29He said, 'There is no means of casting out this sort but prayer.' [Some witnesses add: and fasting.]

Jesus again Foretells his Death and Resurrection (Mount Hermon)[ Mk.9.30-32 → ] - Mt.17.22-23, Lk.9.43-45

30THEY NOW LEFT that district and made a journey so through Galilee. Jesus wished it to be kept secret; 31for he was teaching his disciples, and telling them, 'The Son of Man is now to be given up into the power of men, and they will kill him, and three days after being killed, he will rise again.' 32But they did not understand what he said, and were afraid to ask.

Who is the Greatest? (Capernaum)[ Mk.9.33-37 → ] - Mt.18.1-5, Lk.9.46-48

33So they came to Capernaum; and when he was indoors, he asked them, 'What were you arguing about on the way?' 34They were silent, because on the way they had been discussing who was the greatest. 35He sat down, called the Twelve, and said to them, 'If anyone wants to be first, he must make himself last of all and servant of all.' 36Then he took a child, set him in front of them, and put his arm round him. 37'Whoever receives one of these children in my name', he said, 'receives me; and whoever receives me, receives not me but the One who sent me.'

He Who is Not against Us is for Us (Capernaum)[ Mk.9.38-41 → ] - Lk.9.48-50

38John said to him, 'Master, we saw a man driving out devils in your name, and as he was not one of us, we tried to stop him.' 39Jesus said, 'Do not stop him; no one who does a work of divine power in my name will be able in the same breath to speak evil of me. 40For he who is not against us is on our side. 41I tell you this: if anyone gives you a cup of water to drink because you are followers of the Messiah, that man assuredly will not go unrewarded.

Temptations to Sin (Capernaum)[ Mk.9.42-48 → ] - Mt.18.6-9, Lk.17.1-2

42'As for the man who leads astray one of these little ones who have faith, it would be better for him to be thrown into the sea with a millstone round his neck. 43If your hand is your undoing, cut it off; it is better for you to enter into life maimed than to keep both hands and go to hell and the unquenchable fire." 44[Some manuscripts add: where the devouring worm never dies and the fire is not quenched.] 45And if it is your foot that leads you astray, cut it off; it is better to enter into life a cripple than to keep both your feet and be thrown into hell. 46[Some manuscripts add: where the devouring worm never dies and the fire is not quenched.] 47And if it is your eye, tear it out; it is better to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye than to keep both eyes and be thrown into hell, 48 [ Is.66.24. ] where the devouring worm never dies and the fire is not quenched.

49'For everyone will be salted with fire.

50'Salt is a good thing; but if the salt loses its saltness, what will you season it with?

'Have salt in yourselves; and be [Or: Have the salt of fellowship and be ... ; or: You have the salt of fellowship between you; then be ...] at peace with one another.'


  10.Teaching about Divorce (Borders of Samaria)[ Mk.10.1-12 → ] - Mt.19.1-12

1ON LEAVING THOSE PARTS he came into the regions of Judaea and Transjordan; and when a crowd gathered round him once again, he followed his usual practice and taught them. 2The question was put to him: 'Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?' This was to test him. 3He asked in return, 'What did Moses command you?' 4 [ Dt.24.1-3. ] They answered, 'Moses permitted a man to divorce his wife by note of dismissal.' 5Jesus said to them, 'It was because you were so unteachable that he made this rule for you; 6 [ Gn.1.27, Gn.5.2. ] but in the beginning, at the creation. God made them male and female.

- A man shall leave his father and mother - Gn.2.24

7For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother, and be made one with his wife; [Some witnesses omit: and be made ... wife.] 8and the two shall become one flesh. It follows that they are no longer two individuals: they are one flesh. 9What God has joined together, man must not separate.'

10When they were indoors again the disciples questioned him about this matter; 11he said to them, 'Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her: 12so too, if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.'

Little Children Blessed (Borders of Samaria)[ Mk.10.13-16 → ] - Mt.19.13-15, Lk.18.15-17

13They brought children for him to touch; and the disciples scolded them for it. 14But when Jesus saw this he was indignant, and said to them, 'Let the children come to me; do not try to stop them; for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these. 15I tell you, whoever does not accept the kingdom of God like a child will never enter it.' 16And he put his arms round them, laid his hands upon them, and blessed them.

The Rich Man (Borders of Samaria)[ Mk.10.17-31 → ] - Mt.19.16-30, Lk.18.18-30

17As he was starting out on a journey, a stranger ran up, and, kneeling before him, asked, 'Good Master, is what must I do to win eternal life?' 18Jesus said to him, 'Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone. 19 [ Ex.20.12-16, Dt.5.16. ] You know the commandments: "Do not murder; do not commit adultery; do not steal; do not give false evidence; do not defraud; honour your father and mother." ' 20'But, Master,' he replied, 'I have kept all these since I was a boy.' 21Jesus looked straight at him; his heart warmed to him, and he said, 'One thing you lack: go, sell everything you have, and give to the poor, and you will have riches in heaven; and come, follow me.' 22At these words his face fell and he went away with a heavy heart; for he was a man of great wealth.

23Jesus looked round at his disciples and said to them, 'How hard it will be for the wealthy to enter the kingdom of God!' 24They were amazed that he should say this, but Jesus insisted, 'Children, how hard it is [Some witnesses insert: for those who trust in riches.] to enter the kingdom of God! 25It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.' 26They were more astonished than ever, and said to one another, 'Then who can be saved?' 27Jesus looked at them and said, 'For men it is impossible, but not for God; to God everything is possible.'

28At this Peter spoke. 'We here', he said, 'have left everything to become your followers.' 29Jesus said, 'I tell you this: there is no one who has given up home, brothers or sisters, mother, father or children, or land, for my sake and for the Gospel, 30who will not receive in this age a hundred times as much-houses, brothers and sisters, mothers and children, and land—and persecutions besides; and in the age to come eternal life. 31But many who are first will be last and the last first.'

Challenge to Jerusalem

A Third Time Jesus foretells His Death and Resurrection (Borders of Samaria)[ Mk.10.32-34 → ] - Mt.20.17-19, Lk.18.31-34

32THEY WERE ON THE ROAD, going up to Jerusalem, Jesus leading the way; and the disciples were filled with awe; while those who followed behind were afraid. He took the Twelve aside and began to tell them what was to happen to him. 33'We are now going to Jerusalem,' he said; 'and the Son of Man will be given up to the chief priests and the doctors of the law; they will condemn him to death and hand him over to the foreign power. 34He will be mocked and spat upon, flogged and killed; and three days afterwards, he will rise again.'

The Request of James and John (Borders of Samaria)[ Mk.10.35-45 → ] - Mt.20.20-28

35James and John, the sons of Zebedee, approached him and said, 'Master, we should like you to do us a favour.' 36'What is it you want me to do?' he asked. 37They answered, 'Grant us the right to sit in state with you, one at your right and the other at your left.' 38Jesus said to them, 'You do not understand what you are asking. Can you drink the cup that I drink, or be baptized with the baptism I am baptized with?' 39'We can', they answered. Jesus said, 'The cup that I drink you shall drink, and the baptism I am baptized with shall be your baptism; 40but to sit at my right or left is not for me to grant; it is for those to whom it has already been assigned.' [Some witnesses add: by my Father.]

41When the other ten heard this, they were indignant with James and John. 42Jesus called them to him and said, 'You know that in the world the recognized rulers lord it over their subjects, and their great men make them feel the weight of authority. 43That is not the way with you; among you, whoever wants to be great must be your servant, 44and whoever wants to be first must be the willing slave of all. 45For even the Son of Man did not come to be served but to serve, and to surrender his life as a ransom for many.'

The Healing of Blind Bartimaeus (near Jericho)[ Mk.10.46-52 → ] - Mt.20.29-34, Lk.18.35-43

46They came to Jericho; and as he was leaving the town, with his disciples and a large crowd, Bartimaeus son of Timaeus, a blind beggar, was seated at the roadside. 47Hearing that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to shout, 'Son of David, Jesus, have pity on me!' 48Many of the people rounded on him: 'Be quiet', they said; but he shouted all the more, 'Son of David, have pity on me.' 49Jesus stopped and said, 'Call him'; so they called the blind man and said, 'Take heart; stand up; he is calling you.' 50At that he threw off his cloak, sprang up, and came to Jesus. 51Jesus said to him, 'What do you want me to do for you?' 'Master,' the blind man answered, 'I want my sight back.' 52Jesus said to him, 'Go; your faith has cured you.' And at once he recovered his sight and followed him on the road.


  11.The Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem c. Passover 30ce. (Jerusalem-Bethany)[ Mk.11.1-11 → ] - Mt.21.1-11, Lk.19.28-38, Jn.12.12-19

1THEY WERE NOW APPROACHING Jerusalem, and when they reached Bethphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, 2he sent two of his disciples with these instructions: 'Go to the village opposite, and, just as you enter, you will find tethered there a colt which no one has yet ridden. Untie it and bring it here. 3If anyone asks, "Why are you doing that?", say, "Our Master [Or: Its owner.] needs it, and will send it back here without delay." ' 4So they went off, and found the colt tethered to a door outside in the street. 5They were untying it when some of the bystanders asked, 'What are you doing, untying that colt?' 6They answered as Jesus had told them, and were then allowed to take it. 7So they brought the colt to Jesus and spread their cloaks on it, and he mounted. 8And people carpeted the road with their cloaks, while others spread brushwood which they had cut in the fields; 9 [ Ps.118.25-26. ] and those who went ahead and the others who came behind shouted, 'Hosanna! 10Blessings on him who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessings on the coming kingdom of our father David! Hosanna in the heavens!'

11He entered Jerusalem and went into the temple, where he looked at the whole scene; but, as it was now late, he went out to Bethany with the Twelve.

The Cursing of the Fig Tree c. Passover 30ce. (Mount of Olives)[ Mk.11.12-14 → ] - Mt.21.18-22, Mk.11.20-24

12On the following day, after they had left Bethany, he felt hungry, 13and, noticing in the distance a fig-tree in leaf, he went to see if he could find anything on it. But when he came there he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. 14He said to the tree, 'May no one ever again eat fruit from you!' And his disciples were listening.

The Cleansing of the Temple. (Jerusalem)[ Mk.11.15-19 → ] - Mt.21.12-17, Lk.19.45-48, Jn.2.12-22

15So they came to Jerusalem, and he went into the temple and began driving out those who bought and sold in the temple. He upset the tables of the money-changers and the seats of the dealers in pigeons; 16and he would not allow anyone to use the temple court as a thoroughfare for carrying goods. 17 [ Is.56.7. ] Then he began to teach them, and said, 'Does not Scripture say, "My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations"? But you have made it a robbers' cave.' 18The chief priests and the doctors of the law heard of this and sought some means of making away with him; for they were afraid of him, because the whole crowd was spellbound by his teaching. 19And when evening came he went out of the city.

The Lesson from the Withered Fig Tree (Bethany)[ Mk.11.20-25 → ] - Mt.21.20-22

20Early next morning, as they passed by, they saw that the fig-tree had withered from the roots up; 21and Peter, recalling what had happened, said to him, 'Rabbi, look, the fig-tree which you cursed has withered.' 22Jesus answered them, 'Have faith in God. 23I tell you this: if anyone says to this mountain, "Be lifted from your place and hurled into the sea", and has no inward doubts, but believes that what he says is happening, it will be done for him. 24I tell you, then, whatever you ask for in prayer, believe that you have received it and it will be yours.

25'And when you stand praying, if you have a grievance against anyone, forgive him, so that your Father in heaven may forgive you the wrongs you have done.' 26[Some manuscripts add: But if you do not forgive others, then the wrongs you have done will not be forgiven by your Father in heaven.]

The Authority of Jesus Questioned (Jerusalem)[ Mk.11.27-33 → ] - Mt.21.23-27, Lk.20.1-8

27THEY CAME ONCE MORE to Jerusalem. And as he was walking in the temple court the chief priests, lawyers, and elders came to him 28and said, 'By what authority are you acting like this? Who gave you authority to act in this way?' 29Jesus said to them, 'I have a question to ask you too; and if you give me an answer, I will tell you by what authority I act. 30The baptism of John: was it from God, or from men? Answer me.' 31This set them arguing among themselves: 'What shall we say? If we say, "from God", he will say, "Then why did you not believe him?" 32Shall we say, "from men"?'- but they were afraid of the people, for all held that John was in fact a prophet. 33So they answered Jesus, 'We do not know.' And Jesus said to them, 'Then neither will I tell you by what authority I act.'


  12.The Parable of the Vineyard and the Tenants (Jerusalem)[ Mk.12.1-17 → ] - Mt.21.20-22, Lk.20.9-19, Is.5.1-2

1He went on to speak to them in parables: 'A man planted a vineyard and put a wall round it, hewed out a winepress, and built a watch-tower; then he let it out to vine-growers and went abroad. 2When the vintage season came, he sent a servant to the tenants to collect from them his share of the produce. 3But they took him, thrashed him, and sent him away empty-handed. 4Again, he sent them another servant, whom they beat about the head and treated outrageously. 5So he sent another, and that one they killed; and many more besides, of whom they beat some, and killed others. 6He had now only one left to send, his own dear son. [Or: his only son.] In the end he sent him. "They will respect my son", he said. 7But the tenants said to one another, "This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the property will be ours." 8So they seized him and killed him, and flung his body out of the vineyard. 9What will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and put the tenants to death and give the vineyard to others.

10 [ Ps.118.22-23. ] 'Can it be that you have never read this text: "The stone which the builders rejected has become the main corner-stone. 11This is the Lord's doing, and it is wonderful in our eyes"?'

12Then they began to look for a way to arrest him, for they saw that the parable was aimed at them; but they were afraid of the people, so they left him alone and went away.

Paying Taxes to Caesar (Jerusalem)[ Mk.12.13-17 → ] - Mt.22.15-22, Lk.20.20-26

13A NUMBER OF PHARISEES and men of Herod's party were sent to trap him with a question. 14They came and said, 'Master, you are an honest man, we know, and truckle to no man, whoever he may be; you teach in all honesty the way of life that God requires. Are we or are we not permitted to pay taxes to the Roman Emperor? 15Shall we pay or not?' He saw how crafty their question was, and said, 'Why are you trying to catch me out? 16Fetch me a silver piece, and let me look at it.' They brought one, and he said is to them, 'Whose head is this, and whose inscription?' 'Caesar's', they replied. 17Then Jesus said, 'Pay Caesar what is due to Caesar, and pay God what is due to God.' And they heard him with astonishment.

The Question about the Resurrection (Jerusalem)[ Mk.12.18-27 → ] - Mt.22.23-33, Lk.20.27-40

18Next Sadducees came to him. (It is they who say that there is no resurrection.) Their question was this: 19'Master, Moses laid it down for us that if there are brothers, and one dies leaving a wife but no child, then the next should marry the widow and carry on his brother's family. 20Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife and died without issue. 21Then the second married her, and he too died without issue. So did the third. 22Eventually the seven of them died, all without issue. Finally the woman died. 23At the resurrection, when they come back to life, whose wife will she be, since all seven had married her?' 24Jesus said to them, 'You are mistaken, and surely this is the reason: you do not know either the scriptures or the power of God. 25When they rise from the dead, men and women do not marry; they are like angels in heaven.

26'But about the resurrection of the dead, have you never read in the Book of Moses, in the story of the burning bush, how God spoke to him and said, "I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob"? 27God is not God of the dead but of the living. You are greatly mistaken.'

The Great Commandment (Jerusalem)[ Mk.12.28-34 → ] - Mt.22.34-40, Lk.10.25-28

28Then one of the lawyers, who had been listening to these discussions and had noted how well he answered, came forward and asked him, 'Which commandment is first of all?' 29 [ Dt.6.4-5, Jos.22.5. ] Jesus answered, 'The first is, "Hear, O Israel: the Lord your God is the only Lord; 30love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength." 31 [ Lv.19.18. ] The second is this: "Love your neighbour as yourself." There is no other commandment greater than these.' 32 [ Dt.6.4, Dt.4.35, Is.45.21. ] The lawyer said to him, 'Well said. Master. You are right in saying that God is one and beside him there is no other. 33And to love him with all your heart, all your understanding, and all your strength, and to love your neighbour as yourself—that is far more than any burnt offerings or sacrifices.' 34When Jesus saw how sensibly he answered, he said to him, 'You are not far from the kingdom of God.'

After that nobody ventured to put any more questions to him.

The Question about David's Son (Jerusalem)[ Mk.12.35-37 → ] - Mt.22.41-46, Lk.20.41-44

35And Jesus went on to say, as he taught in the temple, 'How can the teachers of the law maintain that the Messiah is "Son of David"? 36 [ Ps.110.1. ] David himself said, when inspired by the Holy Spirit, "The Lord said to my Lord, 'Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.'" 37David himself calls him "Lord"; how can he also be David's son?'

There was a great crowd and they listened eagerly. [Or: The mass of the people listened eagerly.]

The Denouncing of the Scribes [ Mk.12.38-40 → ] - Mt.23.1-36, Lk.11.37-52, Lk.20.45-47

38He said as he taught them, 'Beware of the doctors of the law, who love to walk up and down in long robes, receiving respectful greetings in the street; 39and to have the chief seats in synagogues, and places of honour at feasts. 40These are the men who eat up the property of widows, while they say long prayers for appearance' sake, and they will receive the severest sentence.' [Or: As for those who eat up the property of widows, while they say long prayers for appearance' sake, they will have an even sterner judgement to face.]

The Widow's Offering (Jerusalem)[ Mk.12.41-44 → ] - Lk.21.1-4

41Once he was standing opposite the temple treasury, watching as people dropped their money into the chest. Many rich people were giving large sums. 42Presently there came a poor widow who dropped in two tiny coins, together worth a farthing. 43He called his disciples to him. 'I tell you this,' he said: 'this widow has given more than any of the others; 44for those others who have given had more than enough, but she, with less than enough, has given all that she had to live on.'


  13.The Destruction of the Temple Foretold (Olivet)[ Mk.13.1-2 → ] - Mt.24.1-2, Lk.21.5-6

1AS HE WAS LEAVING the temple, one of his disciples exclaimed, 'Look, Master, what huge stones! What fine buildings!' 2Jesus said to him, 'You see these great buildings? Not one stone will be left upon another; all will be thrown down.'

The Beginning of the Woes (Olivet)[ Mk.13.3-13 → ] - Mt.24.3-14, Lk.21.7-19

3When he was sitting on the Mount of Olives facing the temple he was questioned privately by Peter, James, John, and Andrew. 4'Tell us,' they said, 'when will this happen? What will be the sign when the fulfilment of all this is at hand?'

5Jesus began: 'Take care that no one misleads you. 6Many will come claiming my name, and saying, "I am he"; and many will be misled by them.

7'When you hear the noise of battle near at hand and the news of battles far away, do not be alarmed. Such things are bound to happen; but the end is still to come. 8For nation will make war upon nation, kingdom upon kingdom; there will be earthquakes in many places; there will be famines. With these things the birth-pangs of the new age begin.

Coming Persecutions (Olivet)[ Mk.13.9-13 → ] - Mt.10.16-25, Lk.21.12-17

9'As for you, be on your guard. You will be handed over to the courts. You will be flogged in synagogues. You will be summoned to appear before governors and kings on my account to testify in their presence. 10But before the end the Gospel must be proclaimed to all nations. 11So when you are arrested and taken away, do not worry beforehand about what you will say, but when the time comes say whatever is given you to say; for it will not be you who will be speaking, but the Holy Spirit. 12Brother will betray brother to death, and the father his child; children will turn against their parents and send them to their death. 13All will hate you for your allegiance to me; but the man who holds out to the end will be saved.

The Great Tribulation (Olivet)[ Mk.13.14-23 → ] - Mt.24.15-28, Lk.21.20-24, Dn.9.27, Dn.11.31, Dn.12.11

14'But when you see "the abomination of desolation" usurping a place which is not his (let the reader understand), then those who are in Judaea must take to the hills. 15If a man is on the roof, he must not come down into the house to fetch anything out; 16if in the field, he must not turn back for his cloak. 17Alas for women with child in those days, and for those who have children at the breast! 18Pray that it may not come in winter. 19 [ Dn.12.1. ] For those days will bring distress such as never has been until now since the beginning of the world which God created-and will never be again. 20If the Lord had not cut short that time of troubles, no living thing could survive. However, for the sake of his own, whom he has chosen, he has cut short the time.

21'Then, if anyone says to you, "Look, here is the Messiah", or, "Look, there he is", do not believe it. 22Impostors will come claiming to be messiahs or prophets, and they will produce signs and wonders to mislead God's chosen, if such a thing were possible. 23But you be on your guard; I have forewarned you of it all.

The Coming of the Son of Man [ Mk.13.24-27 → ] - Mt.24.32-35, Lk.21.29-33, Is.13.10, Is.34.4, Eze.32.7

24'But in those days, after that distress, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give her light; 25the stars will come falling from the sky, the celestial powers will be shaken. 26Then they will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds with great power and glory, 27and he will send out the angels and gather his chosen from the four winds, from the farthest bounds of earth to the farthest bounds of heaven.

The Lesson of the Fig Tree (Olivet)[ Mk.13.28-31 → ] - Mt.24.32-35, Lk.21.29-33

28'Learn a lesson from the fig-tree. When its tender shoots appear and are breaking into leaf, you know that summer is near. 29In the same way, when you see all this happening, you may know that the end is near, [Or: that he is near.] at the very door. 30I tell you this: the present generation will live to see it all. 31Heaven and earth will pass away; my words will never pass away.

The Unknown Day and Hour (Olivet)[ Mk.13.32-37 → ] - Mt.24.36-44, Lk.17.26-30, Lk.17.34-36

32'But about that day or that hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, not even the Son; only the Father.

33'Be alert, be wakeful. [Some witnesses add: and pray.] You do not know when the moment comes. 34It is like a man away from home: he has left his house and put his servants in charge, each with his own work to do, and he has ordered the doorkeeper to stay stay awake. 35Keep awake, then, for you do not know when the master of the house is coming. 36Evening or midnight, cock-crow or early dawn—if he comes suddenly, he must not find you asleep. 37And what I say to you, I say to everyone: Keep awake.'


The final conflict

  14.The Plot to Kill Jesus (Jerusalem)[ Mk.14.1-2 → ] - Mt.26.1-5, Lk.22.1-2, Jn.11.45-53

1NOW THE FESTIVAL of Passover and Unleavened Bread was only two days off; and the chief priests and the doctors of the law were trying to devise some cunning plan to seize him and put him to death. 2'It must not be during the festival,' they said, 'or we should have rioting among the people.'

The Anointing at Bethany [ Mk.14.3-9 → ] - Mt.26.6-13, Lk.12.1-8

3Jesus was at Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper. As he sat at table, a woman came in carrying a small bottle of very costly perfume, pure oil of nard. She broke it open and poured the oil over his head. 4Some of those present said to one another angrily, 'Why this waste? 5The perfume might have been sold for thirty pounds [Literally: 300 denarii; some witnesses read: more than 300 denarii.] and the money given to the poor'; and they turned upon her with fury. 6But Jesus said, 'Let her alone. Why must you make trouble for her? 7It is a fine thing she has done for me. You have the poor among you always, and you can help them whenever you like; but you will not always have me. 8She has done what lay in her power; she is beforehand with anointing my body for burial. 9I tell you this: wherever in all the world the Gospel is proclaimed, what she has done will be told as her memorial.'

Judas' Agreement to Betray Jesus (Jerusalem)[ Mk.14.10-11 → ] - Mt.26.14-16, Lk.22.3-6

10Then Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve, went to the chief priests to betray him to them. 11When they heard what he had come for, they were greatly pleased, and promised him money; and he began to look for a good opportunity to betray him.

The Passover with the Disciples (Jerusalem)[ Mk.14.12-21 → ] - Mt.26.17-25, Lk.22.7-14, Lk.22.21-23, Jn.13.21-30

12NOW ON THE FIRST DAY of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lambs were being slaughtered, his disciples said to him, 'Where would you like us to go and prepare for your Passover supper?' 13So he sent out two of his disciples with these instructions: 'Go into the city, and a man will meet you carrying a jar of water. 14Follow him, and when he enters a house give this message to the householder: "The Master says, 'Where is the room reserved for me to eat the Passover with my disciples?'" 15He will show you a large room upstairs, set out in readiness. Make the preparations for us there.' 16Then the disciples went off, and when they came into the city they found everything just as he had told them. So they prepared for Passover.

17In the evening he came to the house with the Twelve. 18As they sat at supper Jesus said, 'I tell you is this: one of you will betray me—one who is eating with me.' 19At this they were dismayed; and one by one they said to him, 'Not I, surely?' 20'It is one of the Twelve', he said, 'who is dipping into the same bowl with me. 21The Son of Man is going the way appointed for him in the scriptures; but alas for that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would be better for that man if he had never been born.'

The Institution of the Lord's Supper (Jerusalem)[ Mk.14.22-25 → ] - Mt.26.26-30, Lk.22.14-23, 1Cor.11.23-26

22During supper he took bread, and having said the blessing he broke it and gave it to them, with the words: 'Take this; this is my body.' 23Then he took a cup, and having offered thanks to God he gave it to them; and they all drank from it. 24And he said, 'This is my blood of the covenant, shed for many. 25I tell you this: never again shall I drink from the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.'

26After singing the Passover Hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. Peter's denial Foretold (Jerusalem)[ Mk.14.27-31 → ] - Mt.26.31-35, Lk.22.31-34, Jn.13.36-38, Zch.13.727And Jesus said, 'You will all fall from your faith; for it stands written: "I will strike the shepherd down and the sheep will be scattered." 28Nevertheless, after I am raised again I will go on before you into Galilee.' 29Peter answered, 'Everyone else may fall away, but I will not.' 30Jesus said, 'I tell you this: today, this very night, before the cock crows twice, you yourself will disown me three times.' 31But he insisted and repeated: 'Even if I must die with you, I will never disown you.' And they all said the same.

The Prayer in Gethsemane (Gethsemane)[ Mk.14.32-42 → ] - Mt.26.36-46, Lk.22.39-46

32WHEN THEY REACHED a place called Gethsemane, he said to his disciples, 'Sit here while I pray.' 33And he took Peter and James and John with him. Horror and dismay came over him, 34and he said to them, 'My heart is ready to break with grief; stop here, and stay awake.' 35Then he went forward a little, threw himself on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, this hour might pass him by. 36'Abba, Father,' he said, 'all things are possible to thee; take this cup away from me. Yet not what I will, but what thou wilt.'

37He came back and found them asleep; and he said to Peter, 'Asleep, Simon? Were you not able to keep awake for one hour? 38Stay awake, all of you; and pray that you may be spared the test: the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.' 39Once more he went away and prayed. [Some witnesses add: using the same words.] 40On his return he found them asleep again, for their eyes were heavy; and they did not know how to answer him.

41The third time he came and said to them, 'Still sleeping? Still taking your ease? Enough! [The Greek is obscure; a possible meaning is: 'The money has been paid', 'The account is settled.'] The hour has come. The Son of Man is betrayed to sinful men. 42Up, let us go forward! My betrayer is upon us.'

The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus (Gethsemane)[ Mk.14.43-50 → ] - Mt.26.47-56, Lk.22.47-53, Jn.18.3-12

43Suddenly, while he was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, appeared, and with him was a crowd armed with swords and cudgels, sent by the chief priests, lawyers, and elders. 44Now the traitor had agreed with them upon a signal: 'The one I kiss is your man; seize him and get him safely away.' 45When he reached the spot, he stepped forward at once and said to Jesus, 'Rabbi', and kissed him. 46Then they seized him and held him fast.

47One of the party [Or: of the bystanders.] drew his sword, and struck at the High Priest's servant, cutting off his ear. 48Then Jesus spoke: 'Do you take me for a bandit, that you have come out with swords and cudgels to arrest me? 49Day after day I was within your reach as I taught in the temple, and you did not lay hands on me. But let the scriptures be fulfilled.' 50Then the disciples all deserted him and ran away.

The Young Man Who Fled (Gethsemane)

51Among those following was a young man with nothing on but a linen cloth. They tried to seize him, 52but he slipped out of the linen cloth and ran away naked.

Jesus before the Council (Jerusalem)[ Mk.14.53-65 → ] - Mt.26.57-68, Lk.22.54-55, Jn.18.13-14, Jn.18.19-24

53THEN THEY LED JESUS away to the High Priest's house, where the chief priests, elders, and doctors of the law were all assembling. 54Peter followed him at a distance right into the High Priest's courtyard; and there he remained, sitting among the attendants, warming himself at the fire.

55The chief priests and the whole Council tried to find some evidence against Jesus to warrant a death-sentence, but failed to find any. 56Many gave false evidence against him, but their statements did not tally. 57Some stood up and gave this false evidence against him: 58'We heard him say, "I will throw down this temple, made with human hands, and in three days I will build another, not made with hands." ' 59But even on this point their evidence did not agree.

60Then the High Priest stood up in his place and questioned Jesus: 'Have you no answer to the charges that these witnesses bring against you?' 61But he kept silence; he made no reply.

Again the High Priest questioned him: 'Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?' - You will see the Son of man seated - Ps.110.1, Dn.7.1362Jesus said, 'I am; and you will see the Son of Man seated on the right hand of God [Literally: of the Power.] and coming with the clouds of heaven.' 63Then the High Priest tore his robes and said, 'Need we call further witnesses? 64You have heard the blasphemy. What is your opinion?' Their judgement was unanimous: that he was guilty and should be put to death.

65Some began to spit on him, blindfolded him, and struck him with their fists, crying out, 'Prophesy!' [Some witnesses add: Who hit you? (as in Matthew and Luke.)] And the High Priest's men set upon him with blows.

Peter's Denial of Jesus [ Mk.14.66-72 → ] - Mt.26.69-75, Lk.22.56-62, Jn.18.15-18, Jn.18.25-27

66Meanwhile Peter was still below in the courtyard. One of the High Priest's serving-maids came by and saw him there warming himself. 67She looked into his face and said, 'You were there too, with this man from Nazareth, this Jesus.' 68But he denied it: 'I know nothing,' he said; 'I do not understand what you mean.' 69Then he went outside into the porch; [Some witnesses insert: and a cock crew.] and the maid saw him there again and began to say to the bystanders, 'He is one of them'; 70and again he denied it.

Again, a little later, the bystanders said to Peter, 'Surely you are one of them. You must be; you are a Galilean.' 71At this he broke out into curses, and with an oath he said, 'I do not know this man you speak of.' 72Then the cock crew a second time; and Peter remembered how Jesus had said to him, 'Before the cock crows twice you will disown me three times.' And he burst into tears.


  15. Jesus before Pilate (Jerusalem)[ Mk.15.1-5 → ] - Mt.27.11-14, Lk.23.1-5, Jn.18.28-38

1AS SOON AS MORNING CAME the chief priests, having made their plan with the elders and lawyers and all the Council, put Jesus in chains; then they led him away and handed him over to Pilate.

2Pilate asked him, 'Are you the king of the Jews?' He replied, 'The words are yours.' [Or: It is as you say.] 3And the chief priests brought many charges against him. 4Pilate questioned him again: 'Have you nothing to say in your defence? You see how many charges they are bringing against you.' 5But, to Pilate's astonishment, Jesus made no further reply.

Jesus Sentenced to Die c. Passover 30ce. (Jerusalem)[ Mk.15.6-15 → ] - Mt.27.15-26, Lk.23.13-25, Jn.18.39-19.16

6At the festival season the Governor used to release one prisoner at the people's request. 7As it happened, the man known as Barabbas was then in custody with the rebels who had committed murder in the rising. 8When the crowd appeared [Some witnesses read: shouted.] asking for the usual favour, 9Pilate replied, 'Do you wish me to release for you the king of the Jews?' 10For he knew it was out of spite that they had brought Jesus before him. 11But the chief priests incited the crowd to ask him to release Barabbas rather than Jesus. 12Pilate spoke to them again: 'Then what shall I do with the man you call king of the Jews?' 13They shouted back, 'Crucify him!' 14'Why, what harm has he done?' Pilate asked. They shouted all the louder, 'Crucify him!' 15So Pilate, in his desire to satisfy the mob, released Barabbas to them; and he had Jesus flogged and handed him over to be crucified.

The Soldiers Mock Jesus (Jerusalem)[ Mk.15.16-20 → ] - Mt.27.27-31, Jn.19.2-3

16Then the soldiers took him inside the courtyard (the Governor's headquarters [Greek: praetorium.]) and called together the whole company. 17They dressed him in purple, and having plaited a crown of thorns, placed it on his head. 18Then they began to salute him with, 'Hail, is King of the Jews!' 19They beat him about the head with a cane and spat upon him, and then knelt and paid mock homage to him. 20When they had finished their mockery, they stripped him of the purple and dressed him in his own clothes.

The Crucifixion of Jesus (Golgotha)[ Mk.15.21-32 → ] - Mt.27.32-44, Lk.23.26-43, Jn.19.17-27

21THEN THEY TOOK HIM OUT to crucify him. A man called Simon, from Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus, was passing by on his way in from the country, and they pressed him into service to carry his cross.

22They brought him to the place called Golgotha, which means 'Place of a skull'. 23He was offered drugged wine, but he would not take it. - divided his garments among them . - Ps.22.1824Then they fastened him to the cross. They divided his clothes among them, casting lots to decide what each should have.

25The hour of the crucifixion was nine in the morning, 26and the inscription giving the charge against him read, 'The king of the Jews.' 27Two bandits were crucified with him, one on his right and the other on his left." [Some witnesses add: Thus that text of Scripture came true which says, 'He was reckoned among the criminals.'] 28[Some manuscripts add (v.28): Thus that text of Scripture came true which says, 'He was reckoned among criminals.']

29 [ Ps.22.7. ] The passers-by hurled abuse at him: 'Aha!' they cried, wagging their heads, 'you would pull the temple down, would you, and build it in three days? 30Come down from the cross and save yourself!' 31So too the chief priests and the doctors of the law jested with one another: 'He saved others,' they said, 'but he cannot save himself. 32Let the Messiah, the king of Israel, come down now from the cross. If we see that, we shall believe.' Even those who were crucified with him taunted him.

The Death of Jesus (Golgotha)[ Mk.15.33-41 → ] - Mt.27.45-56, Lk.23.44-49, Jn.19.28-30

33At midday darkness fell over the whole land, which lasted till three in the afternoon; 34 [ Ps.22.1, Ps.109.25. ] and at three Jesus cried aloud, 'Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?', which means, 'My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?' [Some witnesses read: My God, My God, why hast thou shamed me?] 35Some of the passers-by, on hearing this, said, 'Hark, he is calling Elijah.' 36 [ Ps.69.21. ] A man ran and soaked a sponge in sour wine and held it to his lips on the end of a cane. 'Let us see', he said, 'if Elijah will come to take him down.'
37Then Jesus gave a loud cry and died. 38And the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. 39And when the centurion who was standing opposite him saw how he died, [Some witnesses read: saw that he died with a cry.] he said, 'Truly this man was a son of God.' [Or: the Son of God.]

40A NUMBER OF WOMEN were also present, watching from a distance. Among them were Mary of Magdala, Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joseph, and Salome, 41who had all followed him and waited on him when he was in Galilee, and there were several others who had come up to Jerusalem with him.

The Burial of Jesus (the garden)[ Mk.15.42-47 → ] - Mt.27.57-61, Lk.23.50-56, Jn.19.38-42

42By this time evening had come; and as it was Preparation-day (that is, the day before the Sabbath), 43Joseph of Arimathaea, a respected member of the Council, a man who was eagerly awaiting the kingdom of God, bravely went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 44Pilate was surprised to hear that he was already dead; so he sent for the centurion and asked him whether it was long since he died. 45And when he heard the centurion's report, he gave Joseph leave to take the dead body. 46So Joseph bought a linen sheet, took him down from the cross, and wrapped him in the sheet. Then he laid him in a tomb cut out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the entrance. 47And Mary of Magdala and Mary the mother of Joseph were watching and saw where he was laid.


  16. The Resurrection of Jesus c. Passover 30ce. (the garden)[ Mk.16.1-8 → ] - Mk.28.1-10, Lk.24.1-12, Jn.20.1-10

1When the Sabbath was over, Mary of Magdala, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought [Some witnesses omit: When the Sabbath ... Salome, reading: And they went and bought ...] aromatic oils intending to go and anoint him; 2and very early on the Sunday morning, just after sunrise, they came to the tomb. 3They were wondering among themselves who would roll away the stone for them from the entrance to the tomb, 4when they looked up and saw that the stone, huge as it was, had been rolled back already. 5They went into the tomb, where they saw a youth sitting on the right-hand side, wearing a white robe; and they were dumbfounded. 6But he said to them, 'Fear nothing; you are looking for Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has risen; he is not here; look, there is the place where they laid him. 7But go and give this message to his disciples and Peter: "He will go on before you into Galilee; there you will see him, as he told you." ' 8Then they went out and ran away from the tomb, beside themselves with terror. They said nothing to anybody, for they were afraid.

[At this point some of the most ancient manuscripts bring the book to a close.]


[Some manuscripts add this paragraph, which in one of them is the conclusion of the book.]

And they delivered all these instructions briefly to Peter and his companions. Afterwards Jesus himself sent out by them from east to west the sacred and imperishable message of eternal salvation.


[Some witnesses give verses 9-20 either instead of, or in addition to, the paragraph: 'And they delivered ... eternal salvation', (here printed before verse 9), and so bring the book to a close. Others insert additional matter.]

The Appearance of Mary Magdalene [ Mk.16.9-11 → ] - Mt.28.9-10, Jn.20.11-189When he had risen from the dead early on Sunday morning he appeared first to Mary of Magdala, from whom he had formerly cast out seven devils. 10She went and carried the news to his mourning and sorrowful followers, 11but when they were told that he was alive and that she had seen him they did not believe it.

The Appearance to Two Disciples (Emmaus)[ Mk16.12-13 → ] - Lk.24.13-35

12Later he appeared in a different guise to two of them as they were walking, on their way into the country. 13These also went and took the news to the others, but again no one believed them.

The Commissioning of the Disciples (Jerusalem)[ Mk.16.14-18 → ] - Mt.28.16-20, Lk.24.36-49, Jn.20.19-23, Ac.1.6-8

14Afterwards while the Eleven were at table he appeared to them and reproached them for their incredulity and dullness, because they had not believed those who had seen him risen from the dead. 15Then he said to them: 'Go forth to every part of the world, and proclaim the Good News to the whole creation. 16Those who believe it and receive baptism will find salvation; those who do not believe will be condemned. 17Faith will bring with it these miracles: believers will cast out devils in my name and speak in strange tongues; 18if they handle snakes or drink any deadly poison, they will come to no harm; and the sick on whom they lay their hands will recover.'

The Ascension of Jesus (Bethany)

19So after talking with them the Lord Jesus was taken up into heaven, and he took his seat at the right hand of God; 20but they went out to make their proclamation everywhere, and the Lord worked with them and confirmed their words by the miracles that followed."


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