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 New English Bible << Exodus:12 >>Biblia Hebraica (Stuttgartensia) | BHS (pdf - 3.5mb)  

1 THE LORD SAID TO MOSES and Aaron in Egypt: THE PASSOVER. Ex.12.1-14וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וְאֶל־אַהֲרֹן בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם לֵאמֹר׃
2 This month is for you the first of months; you shall make it the first month of the year.  הַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לָכֶם רֹאשׁ חֳדָשִׁים רִאשֹׁון הוּא לָכֶם לְחָדְשֵׁי הַשָּׁנָה׃
3 Speak to the whole community of Israel and say to them: On the tenth day of this month let each man take a lamb or a kid for his family, one for each household,  דַּבְּרוּ אֶל־כָּל־עֲדַת יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר בֶּעָשֹׂר לַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה וְיִקְחוּ לָהֶם אִישׁ שֶׂה לְבֵית־אָבֹת שֶׂה לַבָּיִת׃
4 but if a household is too small for one lamb or one kid, then the man and his nearest neighbour may take one between them. They shall share the cost, taking into account both the number of persons and the amount each of them eats.  וְאִם־יִמְעַט הַבַּיִת מִהְיֹת מִשֶּׂה וְלָקַח הוּא וּשְׁכֵנֹו הַקָּרֹב אֶל־בֵּיתֹו בְּמִכְסַת נְפָשֹׁת אִישׁ לְפִי אָכְלֹו תָּכֹסּוּ עַל־הַשֶּׂה׃
5 Your lamb or kid must be without blemish, a yearling male. You may take equally a sheep or a goat.  שֶׂה תָמִים זָכָר בֶּן־שָׁנָה יִהְיֶה לָכֶם מִן־הַכְּבָשִׂים וּמִן־הָעִזִּים תִּקָּחוּ׃
6 You must have it in safe keeping until the fourteenth day of this month, and then all the assembled community of Israel shall slaughter the victim between dusk and dark.  וְהָיָה לָכֶם לְמִשְׁמֶרֶת עַד אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר יֹום לַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה וְשָׁחֲטוּ אֹתֹו כֹּל קְהַל עֲדַת־יִשְׂרָאֵל בֵּין הָעַרְבָּיִם׃
7 They must take some of the blood and smear it on the two door-posts and on the lintel of every house in which they eat the lamb.  וְלָקְחוּ מִן־הַדָּם וְנָתְנוּ עַל־שְׁתֵּי הַמְּזוּזֹת וְעַל־הַמַּשְׁקֹוף עַל הַבָּתִּים אֲשֶׁר־יֹאכְלוּ אֹתֹו בָּהֶם׃
8 On that night they shall eat the fleshroast on the fire; they shall eat it with unleavened cakes and bitter herbs.  וְאָכְלוּ אֶת־הַבָּשָׂר בַּלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה צְלִי־אֵשׁ וּמַצֹּות עַל־מְרֹרִים יֹאכְלֻהוּ׃
9 You are not to eat any of it raw or even boiled in water, but roasted, head, shins, and entrails.  אַל־תֹּאכְלוּ מִמֶּנּוּ נָא וּבָשֵׁל מְבֻשָּׁל בַּמָּיִם כִּי אִם־צְלִי־אֵשׁ רֹאשֹׁו עַל־כְּרָעָיו וְעַל־קִרְבֹּו׃
10 You shall not leave any of it till morning ; if anything is left over until morning, it must be destroyed by fire.

 וְלֹא־תֹותִירוּ מִמֶּנּוּ עַד־בֹּקֶר וְהַנֹּתָר מִמֶּנּוּ עַד־בֹּקֶר בָּאֵשׁ תִּשְׂרֹפוּ׃
11 This is the way in which you must eat it: you shall have your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand, and you must eat in urgent haste. It is the LORD's Passover.  וְכָכָה תֹּאכְלוּ אֹתֹו מָתְנֵיכֶם חֲגֻרִים נַעֲלֵיכֶם בְּרַגְלֵיכֶם וּמַקֶּלְכֶם בְּיֶדְכֶם וַאֲכַלְתֶּם אֹתֹו בְּחִפָּזֹון פֶּסַח הוּא לַיהוָה׃
12 On that night I shall pass through the land of Egypt and kill every first-born of man and beast. Thus will I execute judgement, I the LORD, against all the gods of Egypt.  וְעָבַרְתִּי בְאֶרֶץ־מִצְרַיִם בַּלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה וְהִכֵּיתִי כָל־בְּכֹור בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם מֵאָדָם וְעַד־בְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל־אֱלֹהֵי מִצְרַיִם אֶעֱשֶׂה שְׁפָטִים אֲנִי יְהוָה׃
13 And as for you, the blood will be a sign on the houses in which you are: when I see the blood I will pass over [Or stand guard over] you; the mortal blow shall not touch you, when I strike the land of Egypt.  וְהָיָה הַדָּם לָכֶם לְאֹת עַל הַבָּתִּים אֲשֶׁר אַתֶּם שָׁם וְרָאִיתִי אֶת־הַדָּם וּפָסַחְתִּי עֲלֵכֶם וְלֹא־יִהְיֶה בָכֶם נֶגֶף לְמַשְׁחִית בְּהַכֹּתִי בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם׃
14 You shall keep this day as a day of remembrance, and make it a pilgrim-feast, a festival of the LORD; you shall keep it generation after generation as a rule for all time. THE FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD. Ex.12.14-20וְהָיָה הַיֹּום הַזֶּה לָכֶם לְזִכָּרֹון וְחַגֹּתֶם אֹתֹו חַג לַיהוָה לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם חֻקַּת עֹולָם תְּחָגֻּהוּ׃
15 For seven days you shall eat unleavened cakes. On the very first day you shall rid your houses of leaven; from the first day to the seventh anyone who eats leavened bread shall be outlawed from Israel.  שִׁבְעַת יָמִים מַצֹּות תֹּאכֵלוּ אַךְ בַּיֹּום הָרִאשֹׁון תַּשְׁבִּיתוּ שְּׂאֹר מִבָּתֵּיכֶם כִּי כָּל־אֹכֵל חָמֵץ וְנִכְרְתָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַהִוא מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל מִיֹּום הָרִאשֹׁן עַד־יֹום הַשְּׁבִעִי׃
16 On the first day there shall be a sacred assembly and on the seventh day there shall be a sacred assembly: on these days no work shall be done, except what must be done to provide food for everyone; and that will be allowed.  וּבַיֹּום הָרִאשֹׁון מִקְרָא־קֹדֶשׁ וּבַיֹּום הַשְּׁבִיעִי מִקְרָא־קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם כָּל־מְלָאכָה לֹא־יֵעָשֶׂה בָהֶם אַךְ אֲשֶׁר יֵאָכֵל לְכָל־נֶפֶשׁ הוּא לְבַדֹּו יֵעָשֶׂה לָכֶם׃
17 You will observe these commandments because this was the very day on which I brought you out of Egypt in your tribal hosts. You shall observe this day from generation to generation as a rule for all time.

 וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם אֶת־הַמַּצֹּות כִּי בְּעֶצֶם הַיֹּום הַזֶּה הֹוצֵאתִי אֶת־צִבְאֹותֵיכֶם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם אֶת־הַיֹּום הַזֶּה לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם חֻקַּת עֹולָם׃
18 You shall eat unleavened cakes in the first month from the evening which begins the fourteenth day until the evening which begins the twenty-first day.  בָּרִאשֹׁן בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר יֹום לַחֹדֶשׁ בָּעֶרֶב תֹּאכְלוּ מַצֹּת עַד יֹום הָאֶחָד וְעֶשְׂרִים לַחֹדֶשׁ בָּעָרֶב׃
19 For seven days no leaven may be found in your houses, for anyone who eats anything fermented shall be outlawed from the community of Israel, be he foreigner or native.  שִׁבְעַת יָמִים שְׂאֹר לֹא יִמָּצֵא בְּבָתֵּיכֶם כִּי כָּל־אֹכֵל מַחְמֶצֶת וְנִכְרְתָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַהִוא מֵעֲדַת יִשְׂרָאֵל בַּגֵּר וּבְאֶזְרַח הָאָרֶץ׃
20 You must eat nothing fermented. Wherever you live you must eat your cakes unleavened.  כָּל־מַחְמֶצֶת לֹא תֹאכֵלוּ בְּכֹל מֹושְׁבֹתֵיכֶם תֹּאכְלוּ מַצֹּות׃ ף
21 Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, 'Go at once and get sheep for your families and slaughter the Passover. The first Passover. Ex.12.21-28וַיִּקְרָא מֹשֶׁה לְכָל־זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם מִשְׁכוּ וּקְחוּ לָכֶם צֹאן לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתֵיכֶם וְשַׁחֲטוּ הַפָּסַח׃
22 Then take a bunch of marjoram [Or hyssop], dip it in the blood in the basin [Or on the threshold] and smear some blood from the basin [Or from the threshold] on the Iintel and the two door-posts. Nobody may go out through the door of his house till morning.  וּלְקַחְתֶּם אֲגֻדַּת אֵזֹוב וּטְבַלְתֶּם בַּדָּם אֲשֶׁר־בַּסַּף וְהִגַּעְתֶּם אֶל־הַמַּשְׁקֹוף וְאֶל־שְׁתֵּי הַמְּזוּזֹת מִן־הַדָּם אֲשֶׁר בַּסָּף וְאַתֶּם לֹא תֵצְאוּ אִישׁ מִפֶּתַח־בֵּיתֹו עַד־בֹּקֶר׃
23 The LORD will go through Egypt and strike it, but when he sees the blood on the lintel and the two door-posts, he will pass over that door and will not let the destroyer enter your houses to strike you.  וְעָבַר יְהוָה לִנְגֹּף אֶת־מִצְרַיִם וְרָאָה אֶת־הַדָּם עַל־הַמַּשְׁקֹוף וְעַל שְׁתֵּי הַמְּזוּזֹת וּפָסַח יְהוָה עַל־הַפֶּתַח וְלֹא יִתֵּן הַמַּשְׁחִית לָבֹא אֶל־בָּתֵּיכֶם לִנְגֹּף׃
24 You shall keep this as a rule for you and your children for all time.  וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם אֶת־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה לְחָק־לְךָ וּלְבָנֶיךָ עַד־עֹולָם׃
25 When you enter the land which the LORD will give you as he promised, you shall observe this rite.  וְהָיָה כִּי־תָבֹאוּ אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר יִתֵּן יְהוָה לָכֶם כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֵּר וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם אֶת־הָעֲבֹדָה הַזֹּאת׃
26 Then, when your children ask you, "What is the meaning of this rite?"  וְהָיָה כִּי־יֹאמְרוּ אֲלֵיכֶם בְּנֵיכֶם מָה הָעֲבֹדָה הַזֹּאת לָכֶם׃
27 you shall say, "It is the LORD's Passover, for he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt when he struck the Egyptians but spared our houses." ' The people bowed down and prostrated themselves.  וַאֲמַרְתֶּם זֶבַח־פֶּסַח הוּא לַיהוָה אֲשֶׁר פָּסַח עַל־בָּתֵּי בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּמִצְרַיִם בְּנָגְפֹּו אֶת־מִצְרַיִם וְאֶת־בָּתֵּינוּ הִצִּיל וַיִּקֹּד הָעָם וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲוּוּ׃
28 The Israelites went and did all that the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron; The death of the firstborn. Ex.12.28-36וַיֵּלְכוּ וַיַּעֲשׂוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה וְאַהֲרֹן כֵּן עָשׂוּ׃ ס
29 and by midnight the LORD had struck down every first-born in Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh on his throne to the first-born of the captive in the dungeon, and the first-born of cattle.  וַיְהִי בַּחֲצִי הַלַּיְלָה וַיהוָה הִכָּה כָל־בְּכֹור בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם מִבְּכֹר פַּרְעֹה הַיֹּשֵׁב עַל־כִּסְאֹו עַד בְּכֹור הַשְּׁבִי אֲשֶׁר בְּבֵית הַבֹּור וְכֹל בְּכֹור בְּהֵמָה׃
30 Before night was over Pharaoh rose, he and all his courtiers and all the Egyptians, and a great cry of anguish went up, because not a house in Egypt was without its dead.  וַיָּקָם פַּרְעֹה לַיְלָה הוּא וְכָל־עֲבָדָיו וְכָל־מִצְרַיִם וַתְּהִי צְעָקָה גְדֹלָה בְּמִצְרָיִם כִּי־אֵין בַּיִת אֲשֶׁר אֵין־שָׁם מֵת׃
31 Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron while it was still night and said, 'Up with you! Be off, and leave my people, you and your Israelites. Go and worship the LORD, as you ask;  וַיִּקְרָא לְמֹשֶׁה וּלְאַהֲרֹן לַיְלָה וַיֹּאמֶר קוּמוּ צְּאוּ מִתֹּוךְ עַמִּי גַּם־אַתֶּם גַּם־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וּלְכוּ עִבְדוּ אֶת־יְהוָה כְּדַבֶּרְכֶם׃
32 take your sheep and cattle, and go; and ask God's blessing on me also.'  גַּם־צֹאנְכֶם גַּם־בְּקַרְכֶם קְחוּ כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתֶּם וָלֵכוּ וּבֵרַכְתֶּם גַּם־אֹתִי׃
33 The Egyptians urged on the people and hurried them out of the country, 'Or else', they said, 'we shall all be dead.'  וַתֶּחֱזַק מִצְרַיִם עַל־הָעָם לְמַהֵר לְשַׁלְּחָם מִן־הָאָרֶץ כִּי אָמְרוּ כֻּלָּנוּ מֵתִים׃
34 The people picked up their dough before it was leavened, wrapped their kneading-troughs in their cloaks, and slung them on their shoulders.  וַיִּשָּׂא הָעָם אֶת־בְּצֵקֹו טֶרֶם יֶחְמָץ מִשְׁאֲרֹתָם צְרֻרֹת בְּשִׂמְלֹתָם עַל־שִׁכְםָם׃
35 Meanwhile the Israelites had done as Moses had told them, asking the Egyptians for jewellery of silver and gold and for clothing.  וּבְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל עָשׂוּ כִּדְבַר מֹשֶׁה וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ מִמִּצְרַיִם כְּלֵי־כֶסֶף וּכְלֵי זָהָב וּשְׂמָלֹת׃
36 As the LORD had made the Egyptians well-disposed towards them, they let them have what they asked; in this way they plundered the Egyptians.
 וַיהוָה נָתַן אֶת־חֵן הָעָם בְּעֵינֵי מִצְרַיִם וַיַּשְׁאִלוּם וַיְנַצְּלוּ אֶת־מִצְרָיִם׃ ף
37 THE ISRAELITES SET OUT from Rameses on the way to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, not counting dependants. THE EXODUS. Ex.12.37-42וַיִּסְעוּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵרַעְמְסֵס סֻכֹּתָה כְּשֵׁשׁ־מֵאֹות אֶלֶף רַגְלִי הַגְּבָרִים לְבַד מִטָּף׃
38 And with them too went a large company of every kind, and cattle in great numbers, both flocks and herds.  וְגַם־עֵרֶב רַב עָלָה אִתָּם וְצֹאן וּבָקָר מִקְנֶה כָּבֵד מְאֹד׃
39 The dough they had brought from Egypt they baked into unleavened cakes, because there was no leaven; for they had been driven out of Egypt and allowed no time even to get food ready for themselves.

 וַיֹּאפוּ אֶת־הַבָּצֵק אֲשֶׁר הֹוצִיאוּ מִמִּצְרַיִם עֻגֹת מַצֹּות כִּי לֹא חָמֵץ כִּי־גֹרְשׁוּ מִמִּצְרַיִם וְלֹא יָכְלוּ לְהִתְמַהְמֵהַּ וְגַם־צֵדָה לֹא־עָשׂוּ לָהֶם׃
40 The Israelites had been settled in Egypt for four hundred and thirty years.  וּמֹושַׁב בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר יָשְׁבוּ בְּמִצְרָיִם שְׁלֹשִׁים שָׁנָה וְאַרְבַּע מֵאֹות שָׁנָה׃
41 At the end of four hundred and thirty years, on this very day, all the tribes of the LORD came out of Egypt.  וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ שְׁלֹשִׁים שָׁנָה וְאַרְבַּע מֵאֹות שָׁנָה וַיְהִי בְּעֶצֶם הַיֹּום הַזֶּה יָצְאוּ כָּל־צִבְאֹות יְהוָה מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם׃
42 This was a night of vigil as the LORD waited to bring them out of Egypt. It is the LORD's night; all Israelites keep their vigil generation after generation.  לֵיל שִׁמֻּרִים הוּא לַיהוָה לְהֹוצִיאָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם הוּא־הַלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה לַיהוָה שִׁמֻּרִים לְכָל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לְדֹרֹתָם׃ ף
43 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron: These are the rules for the Passover. No foreigner may partake of it; How the Passover should be celebrated. Ex.12.43-51וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וְאַהֲרֹן זֹאת חֻקַּת הַפָּסַח כָּל־בֶּן־נֵכָר לֹא־יֹאכַל בֹּו׃
44 any bought slave may eat it if you have circumcised him;  וְכָל־עֶבֶד אִישׁ מִקְנַת־כָּסֶף וּמַלְתָּה אֹתֹו אָז יֹאכַל בֹּו׃
45 no stranger or hired man may eat it.  תֹּושָׁב וְשָׂכִיר לֹא־יֹאכַל־בֹּו׃
46 Each lamb must be eaten inside the one house, and you must not take any of the fleshoutside the house. You must not break a single bone of it.  בְּבַיִת אֶחָד יֵאָכֵל לֹא־תֹוצִיא מִן־הַבַּיִת מִן־הַבָּשָׂר חוּצָה וְעֶצֶם לֹא תִשְׁבְּרוּ־בֹו׃
47 The whole community of Israel shall keep this feast.  כָּל־עֲדַת יִשְׂרָאֵל יַעֲשׂוּ אֹתֹו׃
48 If there are aliens living with you and they are to keep the Passover to the LORD, every male of them must be circumcised, and then he can take part; he shall rank as native-born. No one who is uncircumcised may eat of it.  וְכִי־יָגוּר אִתְּךָ גֵּר וְעָשָׂה פֶסַח לַיהוָה הִמֹּול לֹו כָל־זָכָר וְאָז יִקְרַב לַעֲשֹׂתֹו וְהָיָה כְּאֶזְרַח הָאָרֶץ וְכָל־עָרֵל לֹא־יֹאכַל בֹּו׃
49 The same law shall apply both to the native-born and to the alien who is living among you.

 תֹּורָה אַחַת יִהְיֶה לָאֶזְרָח וְלַגֵּר הַגָּר בְּתֹוכְכֶם׃
50 The Israelites did all that the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron; and  וַיַּעֲשׂוּ כָּל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה וְאֶת־אַהֲרֹן כֵּן עָשׂוּ׃ ס
51 on this very day the LORD brought the Israelites out of Egypt mustered in their tribal hosts.  וַיְהִי בְּעֶצֶם הַיֹּום הַזֶּה הֹוצִיא יְהוָה אֶת־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם עַל־צִבְאֹתָם׃ ף
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