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1 THE LORD SAID TO MOSES and Aaron in Egypt:

THE PASSOVER. Ex.12.1-14
2 This month is for you the first of months; you shall make it the first month of the year.  
3 Speak to the whole community of Israel and say to them: On the tenth day of this month let each man take a lamb or a kid for his family, one for each household,  
4 but if a household is too small for one lamb or one kid, then the man and his nearest neighbour may take one between them. They shall share the cost, taking into account both the number of persons and the amount each of them eats.  
5 Your lamb or kid must be without blemish, a yearling male. You may take equally a sheep or a goat.  
6 You must have it in safe keeping until the fourteenth day of this month, and then all the assembled community of Israel shall slaughter the victim between dusk and dark.  
7 They must take some of the blood and smear it on the two door-posts and on the lintel of every house in which they eat the lamb.  
8 On that night they shall eat the fleshroast on the fire; they shall eat it with unleavened cakes and bitter herbs.  
9 You are not to eat any of it raw or even boiled in water, but roasted, head, shins, and entrails.  
10 You shall not leave any of it till morning ; if anything is left over until morning, it must be destroyed by fire.

11 This is the way in which you must eat it: you shall have your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand, and you must eat in urgent haste. It is the LORD's Passover.  
12 On that night I shall pass through the land of Egypt and kill every first-born of man and beast. Thus will I execute judgement, I the LORD, against all the gods of Egypt.  
13 And as for you, the blood will be a sign on the houses in which you are: when I see the blood I will pass over Or stand guard over you; the mortal blow shall not touch you, when I strike the land of Egypt.

14 You shall keep this day as a day of remembrance, and make it a pilgrim-feast, a festival of the LORD; you shall keep it generation after generation as a rule for all time.

15 For seven days you shall eat unleavened cakes. On the very first day you shall rid your houses of leaven; from the first day to the seventh anyone who eats leavened bread shall be outlawed from Israel.

16 On the first day there shall be a sacred assembly and on the seventh day there shall be a sacred assembly: on these days no work shall be done, except what must be done to provide food for everyone; and that will be allowed.  
17 You will observe these commandments because this was the very day on which I brought you out of Egypt in your tribal hosts. You shall observe this day from generation to generation as a rule for all time.

18 You shall eat unleavened cakes in the first month from the evening which begins the fourteenth day until the evening which begins the twenty-first day.  
19 For seven days no leaven may be found in your houses, for anyone who eats anything fermented shall be outlawed from the community of Israel, be he foreigner or native.  
20 You must eat nothing fermented. Wherever you live you must eat your cakes unleavened.

21 Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, 'Go at once and get sheep for your families and slaughter the Passover.

The first Passover. Ex.12.21-28
22 Then take a bunch of marjoram Or hyssop, dip it in the blood in the basin Or on the threshold and smear some blood from the basin Or from the threshold on the Iintel and the two door-posts. Nobody may go out through the door of his house till morning.  
23 The LORD will go through Egypt and strike it, but when he sees the blood on the lintel and the two door-posts, he will pass over that door and will not let the destroyer enter your houses to strike you.  
24 You shall keep this as a rule for you and your children for all time.  
25 When you enter the land which the LORD will give you as he promised, you shall observe this rite.  
26 Then, when your children ask you, "What is the meaning of this rite?"  
27 you shall say, "It is the LORD's Passover, for he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt when he struck the Egyptians but spared our houses." ' The people bowed down and prostrated themselves.

28 The Israelites went and did all that the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron;

The death of the firstborn. Ex.12.28-36
29 and by midnight the LORD had struck down every first-born in Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh on his throne to the first-born of the captive in the dungeon, and the first-born of cattle.

30 Before night was over Pharaoh rose, he and all his courtiers and all the Egyptians, and a great cry of anguish went up, because not a house in Egypt was without its dead.  
31 Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron while it was still night and said, 'Up with you! Be off, and leave my people, you and your Israelites. Go and worship the LORD, as you ask;  
32 take your sheep and cattle, and go; and ask God's blessing on me also.'  
33 The Egyptians urged on the people and hurried them out of the country, 'Or else', they said, 'we shall all be dead.'

34 The people picked up their dough before it was leavened, wrapped their kneading-troughs in their cloaks, and slung them on their shoulders.  
35 Meanwhile the Israelites had done as Moses had told them, asking the Egyptians for jewellery of silver and gold and for clothing.

36 As the LORD had made the Egyptians well-disposed towards them, they let them have what they asked; in this way they plundered the Egyptians.

37 THE ISRAELITES SET OUT from Rameses on the way to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, not counting dependants.

THE EXODUS. Ex.12.37-42
38 And with them too went a large company of every kind, and cattle in great numbers, both flocks and herds.  
39 The dough they had brought from Egypt they baked into unleavened cakes, because there was no leaven; for they had been driven out of Egypt and allowed no time even to get food ready for themselves.

40 The Israelites had been settled in Egypt for four hundred and thirty years.  
41 At the end of four hundred and thirty years, on this very day, all the tribes of the LORD came out of Egypt.  
42 This was a night of vigil as the LORD waited to bring them out of Egypt. It is the LORD's night; all Israelites keep their vigil generation after generation.

43 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron: These are the rules for the Passover. No foreigner may partake of it;

How the Passover should be celebrated. Ex.12.43-51
44 any bought slave may eat it if you have circumcised him;  
45 no stranger or hired man may eat it.  
46 Each lamb must be eaten inside the one house, and you must not take any of the fleshoutside the house. You must not break a single bone of it.  
47 The whole community of Israel shall keep this feast.

48 If there are aliens living with you and they are to keep the Passover to the LORD, every male of them must be circumcised, and then he can take part; he shall rank as native-born. No one who is uncircumcised may eat of it.  
49 The same law shall apply both to the native-born and to the alien who is living among you.

50 The Israelites did all that the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron; and

51 on this very day the LORD brought the Israelites out of Egypt mustered in their tribal hosts.  
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