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13Exodus

1 The LORD spoke to Moses and said,

Dedication of the firstborn. Ex.13.1-2
2 'Every first-born, the first birth of every womb among the Israelites, you must dedicate to me, both man and beast; it is mine.'

 
3 Then Moses said to the people, 'Remember this day, the day on which you have come out of Egypt, the land of slavery, because the LORD by the strength of his hand has brought you out. No leaven may be eaten this day,

The feast of Unleavened Bread. Ex.13.3-10
4 for today, in the month of Abib, is the day of your exodus;  
5 and when the LORD has brought you into the country of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, the land which he swore to your forefathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, then you must observe this rite in this same month.  
6 For seven days you shall eat unleavened cakes, and on the seventh day there shall be a pilgrim-feast of the LORD.  
7 Only unleavened cakes shall be eaten during the seven days; nothing fermented and no leaven shall be seen throughout your territory.  
8 On that day you shall tell your son, "This commemorates what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt."  
9 You shall have the record of it as a sign upon your hand, and upon your forehead as a reminder, to make sure that the law of the LORD is always on your lips, because the LORD with a strong hand brought you out of Egypt.  
10 This is a rule, and you shall keep it at the appointed time from year to year.

 
11 'When the LORD has brought you into the land of the Canaanites as he swore to you and to your forefathers, and given it to you,

The firstborn offering. Ex.13.11-22
12 you shall surrender to the LORD the first birth of every womb; and of all first-born offspring of your cattle the males belong to the LORD.  
13 Every first-born male ass you may redeem with a kid or lamb, but if you do not redeem it, you must break its neck. Every first~born among your sons you must redeem.  
14 When in time to come your son asks you what this means, you shall say to him, "By the strength of his hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.  
15 When Pharaoh proved stubborn and refused to let us go, the LORD killed all the first-born in Egypt both man and beast. That is why I sacrifice to the LORD the first birth of every womb if it is a male and redeem every first-born of my sons.  
16 You shall have the record of it as a sign upon your hand, and upon your forehead as a phylactery, because by the strength of his hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt." '

 
17 NOW WHEN PHARAOH LET THE PEOPLE GO, God did not guide them by the road towards the Philistines, although that was the shortest; for he said, 'The people may change their minds when they see war before them, and turn back to Egypt.'

The Pillar of Cloud & the Pillar of Fire. 
18 So God made them go round by way of the wilderness towards the Red Sea; and the fifth generation of Israelites departed from Egypt.

 
19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, because Joseph had exacted an oath from the Israelites: 'Some day', he said, 'God will show his care for you, and then, as you go, you must take my bones with you.'

 
20 They set out from Succoth and encamped at Etham on the edge of the wilderness.

 
21 And all the time the LORD went before them, by day a pillar of cloud to guide them on their journey, by night a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel night and day.

 
22 The pillar of cloud never left its place in front of the people by day, nor the pillar of fire by night.  
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