katapi New Study Bible - Synopsis of the Gospels - New English Bible (New Testament)

katapi HOME The Tradition of the Elders - Mt.15.1-20  Mk.7.1-23       | NEB Books | notes

Matthew: 15
1THEN JESUS WAS APPROACHED by a group of Pharisees and lawyers from Jerusalem, with the question: 2'Why do your disciples break the old-established tradition? They do not wash their hands before meals.' 3He answered them: 'And what of you? Why do you break God's commandment in the interest of your tradition? 4For God said, "Honour your father and mother", and, "The man who curses his father or mother must suffer death." 5But you say, "If a man says to his father or mother, 'Anything of mine which might have been used for your benefit is set apart for God', 6then he must not honour his father or his mother." You have made God's law null and void out of respect for your tradition. 7What hypocrisy! Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you: 8"This people pays me lip-service, but their heart is far from me; 9their worship of me is in vain, for they teach as doctrines the commandments of men." ' 10He called the crowd and said to them, 'Listen to me, and understand this: 11a man is not defiled by what goes into his mouth, but by what comes out of it.'
12Then the disciples came to him and said, 'Do you know that the Pharisees have taken great offence at what you have been saying?' 13His answer was: 'Any plant that is not of my heavenly Father's planting will be rooted up. 14Leave them alone; they are blind guides [Some witnesses insert: of blind men.], and if one blind man guides another they will both fall into the ditch.'
15Then Peter said, 'Tell us what that parable means.' 16Jesus answered, 'Are you still as dull as the rest? 17Do you not see that whatever goes in by the mouth passes into the stomach and so is discharged into the drain? 18But what comes out of the mouth has its origins in the heart; and that is what defiles a man. 19Wicked thoughts, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, perjury, slander—these all proceed from the heart; 20and these are the things that defile a man; but to eat without first washing his hands, that cannot defile him.'

Mark: 7
1A GROUP OF PHARISEES, with some doctors of the law who had come from Jerusalem, met him 2and noticed that some of his disciples were eating their food with 'defiled' hands—in other words, without washing them. 3(For the Pharisees and the Jews in general never eat without washing the hands, [Some witnesses insert: with the fist; others insert: frequently; or: thoroughly.] in obedience to an old-established tradition; 4and on coming from the market-place they never eat without first washing. And there are many other points on which they have a traditional rule to maintain, for example, washing of cups and jugs and copper bowls.) 5Accordingly, these Pharisees and the lawyers asked him, 'Why do your disciples not conform to the ancient tradition, but eat their food with defiled hands?' 6He answered, 'Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites in these words: "This people pays me lip-service, but their heart is far from me: 7their worship of me is in vain, for they teach as doctrines the commandments of men." 8You neglect the commandment of God, in order to maintain the tradition of men.'
9He also said to them, 'How well you set aside the commandment of God in order to maintain [Some witnesses read: establish.] your tradition! 10Moses said, "Honour your father and your mother", and, "The man who curses his father or mother must suffer death." 11But you hold that if a man says to his father or mother, "Anything of mine which might have been used for your benefit is Corban"' (meaning, set apart for God), 12'he is no longer permitted to do anything for his father or mother. 13Thus by your own tradition, handed down among you, you make God's word null and void. And many other things that you do are just like that.'
14On another occasion he called the people and said to them, 'Listen to me, all of you, and understand this: 15nothing that goes into a man from outside can defile him; no, it is the things that come out of him that defile a man.' 16[Some manuscripts here add: 'If you have ears to hear, then hear.']
17When he had left the people and gone indoors, his is disciples questioned him about the parable. 18He said to them, 'Are you as dull as the rest? Do you not see that nothing that goes from outside into a man can 19defile him, because it does not enter into his heart but into his stomach, and so passes out into the drain?' 20Thus he declared all foods clean. He went on, 'It is what comes out of a man that defiles him. 21For from inside, out of a man's heart, come evil thoughts, acts of fornication, of theft, murder, 22adultery, ruthless greed, and malice; fraud, indecency, envy, slander, arrogance, and folly; 23these evil things all come from inside, and they defile the man.'

Notes: The most generally known harmonies of the Gospels are based upon the Huck-Lietzmann Synopsis (1936) of the three gospels and Sparks' Synopsis (1964) of four gospels. Many of the passages in these harmonies are too short to display in a useful manner on a web-page.
The katapi New Study Bible Synopsis of the Gospels is based upon the headings displayed in the New Study Bible reference table which in turn follows the headings printed in the United Bible Societies' New Testament in Greek. These sections are more useful for bible study. Columns are arranged so that the first column is your chosen heading from the bible passage list (highlighted). The harmonies that follow across the web-page are then in the normally accepted order.
For Old Testament references quoted by New Testament authors, you should either go back to the passage listing web-page and select the link on the 'version' column; or click on the column heading and search through the chapter for the relevant passage; than select the OT passage from the reference column.

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© Paul Ingram 2009.