||1 A GROUP OF PHARISEES, with some doctors of the law who had come from Jerusalem, met him 2 and noticed that some of his disciples were eating their food with 'defiled' hands-in other words, without washing them. 3 (For the Pharisees and the Jews in general never eat without washing the hands, in obedience to an old-established tradition; 4 and on coming from the market-place they never eat without first washing. And there are many other points on which they have a traditional rule to maintain, for example, washing of cups and jugs and copper bowls.) 5 Accordingly, these Pharisees and the lawyers asked him, 'Why do your disciples not conform to the ancient tradition, but eat their food with defiled hands?' 6 He answered, 'Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites in these words: "This people pays me lip-service, but their heart is far from me: 7 their worship of me is in vain, for they teach as doctrines the commandments of men." 8 You neglect the commandment of God, in order to maintain the tradition of men.'
9 He also said to them, 'How well you set aside the commandment of God in order to maintain your tradition! 10 Moses said, "Honour your father and your mother", and, "The man who curses his father or mother must suffer death." 11 But you hold that if a man says to his father or mother, "Anything of mine which might have been used for your benefit is Corban"' (meaning, set apart for God), 12 'he is no longer permitted to do anything for his father or mother. 13 Thus by your own tradition, handed down among you, you make God's word null and void. And many other things that you do are just like that.'
14 On another occasion he called the people and said to them, 'Listen to me, all of you, and understand this: 15 nothing that goes into a man from outside can defile him; no, it is the things that come out of him that defile a man.' 16 Some manuscripts here add: 'If you have ears to hear, then hear.'
17 When he had left the people and gone indoors, his is disciples questioned him about the parable. 18 He said to them, 'Are you as dull as the rest? Do you not see that nothing that goes from outside into a man can 19 defile him, because it does not enter into his heart but into his stomach, and so passes out into the drain?' 20 Thus he declared all foods clean. He went on, 'It is what comes out of a man that denies him. 21 For from inside, out of a man's heart, come evil thoughts, acts of fornication, of theft, murder, 22 adultery, ruthless greed, and malice; fraud, indecency, envy, slander, arrogance, and folly; 23 these evil things all come from inside, and they defile the man.'
||1 THEN JESUS WAS APPROACHED by a group of Pharisees and lawyers from Jerusalem, with the question: 2 'Why do your disciples break the old-established tradition? They do not wash their hands before meals.' 3 He answered them: 'And what of you? Why do you break God's commandment in the interest of your tradition? 4 For God said, "Honour your father and mother", and, "The man who curses his father or mother must suffer death." 5 But you say, "If a man says to his father or mother, 'Anything of mine which might have been used for your benefit is set apart for God', then he must not honour his father or his mother." 6 You have made God's law null and void out of respect for your tradition. 7 What hypocrisy! Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you: 8 "This people pays me lip-service,
but their heart is far from me;
9 their worship of me is in vain,
for they teach as doctrines the commandments of men." ' 10 He called the crowd and said to them, 'Listen to me, and understand this: 11 a man is not defiled by what goes into his mouth, but by what comes out of it.'
12 Then the disciples came to him and said, 'Do you know that the Pharisees have taken great offence at what you have been saying?' 13 His answer was: 'Any plant that is not of my heavenly Father's planting will be rooted up. 14 Leave them alone; they are blind guides, and if one blind man guides another they will both fall into the ditch.'
15 Then Peter said, 'Tell us what that parable means.' 16 Jesus answered, 'Are you still as dull as the rest? 17 Do you not see that whatever goes in by the mouth passes into the stomach and so is discharged into the drain? 18 But what comes out of the mouth has its origins in the heart; and that is what defiles a man. 19 Wicked thoughts, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, perjury, slander - these all proceed from the heart; 20 and these are the things that defile a man; but to eat without first washing his hands, that cannot defile him.'