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The Purpose of the Parables Mt.13.10-17

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Καὶ προσελθόντες οἱ μαθηταὶ εἶπαν αὐτῷ, Διὰ τί ἐν παραβολαῖς λαλεῖς αὐτοῖς; The Purpose of the Parables Mt.13.10-17 | Mk.4.10-12 | Lk.8.9-10Then the disciples came and said to him, "Why do you speak to them in parables?"
ὁ δὲ ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπεν αὐτοῖς ὅτι Ὑμῖν δέδοται γνῶναι τὰ μυστήρια τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν, ἐκείνοις δὲ οὐ δέδοται.  And he answered them, "To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given.
ὁστις γὰρ ἐχει, δοθήσεται αὐτῷ καὶ περισσευθήσεται· ὁστις δὲ οὐκ ἐχει, καὶ ὃ ἐχει ἀρθήσεται ἀπ' αὐτοῦ.  For to him who has will more be given, and he will have abundance; but from him who has not, even what he has will be taken away.
διὰ τοῦτο ἐν παραβολαῖς αὐτοῖς λαλῶ, ὅτι βλέποντες οὐ βλέπουσιν καὶ ἀκούοντες οὐκ ἀκούουσιν οὐδὲ συνίουσιν·  This is why I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand.
καὶ ἀναπληροῦται αὐτοῖς ἡ προφητεία Ἠσαΐου ἡ λέγουσα,
    ἀκοῇ ἀκούσετε καὶ οὐ μὴ συνῆτε,
    καὶ βλέποντες βλέψετε καὶ οὐ μὴ ἴδητε.
- You shall indeed hear but never understand Mt.13.14-15 | Is.6.9-10 | Ez.12.2With them indeed is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah which says:
'You shall indeed hear but never understand,
and you shall indeed see but never perceive.
ἐπαχύνθη γὰρ ἡ καρδία τοῦ λαοῦ τούτου,
καὶ τοῖς ὠσὶν βαρέως ἤκουσαν,
καὶ τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς αὐτῶν ἐκάμμυσαν:
μήποτε ἴδωσιν τοῖς ὀφθαλμοῖς
καὶ τοῖς ὠσὶν ἀκούσωσιν
καὶ τῇ καρδίᾳ συνῶσιν καὶ ἐπιστρέψωσιν,
καὶ ἰάσομαι αὐτούς.
 For this people's heart has grown dull,
and their ears are heavy of hearing,
and their eyes they have closed,
lest they should perceive with their eyes,
and hear with their ears,
and understand with their heart,
and turn for me to heal them.'
ὑμῶν δὲ μακάριοι οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ ὅτι βλέπουσιν, καὶ τὰ ὦτα ὑμῶν ὅτι ἀκούουσιν.  But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear.
ἀμὴν γὰρ λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι πολλοὶ προφῆται καὶ δίκαιοι ἐπεθύμησαν ἰδεῖν ἂ βλέπετε καὶ οὐκ εἶδαν, καὶ ἀκοῦσαι ἂ ἀκούετε καὶ οὐκ ἠκουσαν.  Truly, I say to you, many prophets and righteous men longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.

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© Paul Ingram 2006.