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. Chapter 15.

Life after death

The Resurrection of Christ

1 AND NOW, MY BROTHERS. I must remind you of the gospel that I preached to you; the gospel which you received, on which you have taken your stand, and which is now bringing you salvation. 2 Do you still hold fast the Gospel as I preached it to you? If not, your conversion was in vain. [Or: Do you remember the terms in which I preached the Gospel to you?—for I assume you did not accept it thoughtlessly.]

3 First and foremost, I handed on to you the facts which had been imparted to me: that Christ died for our sins, in accordance with the scriptures; 4 that he was buried; that he was raised to life on the third day, according to the scriptures; 5 and that he appeared to Cephas, and afterwards to the Twelve. 6 Then he appeared to over five hundred of our brothers at once, most of whom are still alive, though some have died. 7 Then he appeared to James, and afterwards to all the apostles.

8 In the end he appeared even to me. It was like an abnormal birth; 9 I had persecuted the church of God and am therefore inferior to all other apostles?indeed not fit to be called an apostle. 10 However, by God's grace I am what I am, nor has his grace been given to me in vain; on the contrary, in my labours I have outdone them all—not I, indeed, but the grace of God working with me. 11 But what matter, I or they? This is what we all proclaim, and this is what you believed.

The Resurrection of the Dead

12 Now if this is what we proclaim, that Christ was raised from the dead, how can some of you say there is no resurrection of the dead? 13 If there be no resurrection, then Christ was not raised; 14 and if Christ was not raised, then our gospel is null and void, and so is your faith; 15 and we turn out to be lying witnesses for God, because we bore witness that he raised Christ to life, whereas, if the dead are not raised, he did not raise him. 16 For if the dead are not raised, it follows that Christ was not raised; 17 and if Christ was not raised, your faith has nothing in it and you are still is in your old state of sin. 18 It follows also that those who have died within Christ's fellowship are utterly lost. 19 If it is for this life only that Christ has given us hope, [Or: If it is only an uncertain hope that our life in Christ has given us ...] we of all men are most to be pitied.

20 But the truth is, Christ was raised to life—the firstfruits of the harvest of the dead. 21 For since it was a man who brought death into the world, a man also brought resurrection of the dead. 22 As in Adam all men die, so in Christ all will be brought to life; 23 but each in his own proper place: Christ the firstfruits, and afterwards, at his coming, those who belong to Christ. 24 Then comes the end, when he delivers up the kingdom to God the Father, after abolishing every kind of domination, authority, and power. 25 For he is destined to reign until God has put all enemies under his feet; 26 and the last enemy to be abolished is death. [Or: Then at the end, when ... power (for he ... feet), the last enemy, death, will be abolished.] 27 [ Ps.8.6. ] Scripture says, 'He has put all things in subjection under his feet.' But in saying 'all things', it clearly means to exclude God who subordinates them; 28 and when all things are thus subject to him, then the Son himself will also be made subordinate to God who made all things subject to him, and thus God will be all in all.

29 Again, there are those who receive baptism on behalf of the dead. Why should they do this? If the dead are not raised to life at all, what do they mean by being baptized on their behalf?

30 And we ourselves—why do we face these dangers hour by hour? 31 Every day I die: I swear it by my pride in you, my brothers—for in Christ Jesus our Lord I am proud of you. 32 [ Is.22.13, Is.56.12. ] If, as the saying is, I 'fought wild beasts' at Ephesus, what have I gained by it? [Or: If, as men do, I had fought wild beasts at Ephesus, what good would it be to me? Or: If I had been in no better case than one fighting beasts in the arena at Ephesus, what good would it be to me?] If the dead are never raised to life, 'let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die'.

33 Make no mistake: 'Bad company is the ruin of a good character.' 34 Come back to a sober and upright life and leave your sinful ways. There are some who know nothing of God; to your shame I say it.

The Resurrection Body

35 But, you may ask, how are the dead raised? In what kind of body? 36 How foolish! The seed you sow does not come to life unless it has first died; 37 and what you sow is not the body that shall be, but a naked grain, perhaps of wheat, or of some other kind; 38 and God clothes it with the body of his choice, each seed with its own particular body. 39 All flesh is not the same flesh: there is flesh of men, flesh of beasts, of birds, and of fishes—all different. 40 There are heavenly bodies and earthly bodies; and the splendour of the heavenly bodies is one thing, the splendour of the earthly, another. 41 The sun has a splendour of its own, the moon another splendour, and the stars another, for star differs from star in brightness. 42 So it is with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown in the earth as a perishable thing is raised imperishable. 43 Sown in humiliation, it is raised in glory; sown in weakness, it is raised in power; 44 sown as an animal body, it is raised as a spiritual body.

If there is such a thing as an animal body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 [ Gn.1.7. ] It is in this sense that Scripture says, 'The first man, Adam, became an animate being', whereas the last Adam has become a life-giving spirit. 46 Observe, the spiritual does not come first; the animal body comes first, and then the spiritual. 47 The first man was made 'of the dust of the earth': the second man is from heaven. 48 The man made of dust is the pattern of all men of dust, and the heavenly man is the pattern of all the heavenly. 49 As we have worn the likeness of the man made of dust, so we shall wear the likeness of the heavenly man.

50 What I mean, my brothers, is this: flesh and blood can never possess the kingdom of God, and the perishable cannot possess immortality. 51 Listen! I will unfold a mystery: we shall not all die, but we shall all be changed 52 in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet-call. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will rise immortal, and we shall be changed. 53 This perishable being must be clothed with the imperishable, and what is mortal must be clothed with immortality. 54 [ Is.25.8. ] And when [Some witnesses insert: our perishable nature has been clothed with the imperishable, and ...] our mortality has been clothed with immortality, then the saying of Scripture will come true: 'Death is swallowed up; victory is won!' 55 [ Hs.13.14. ] 'O Death, where is your victory? O Death, where is your sting?' 56 The sting of death is sin, and sin gains its power from the law; 57 but, God be praised, he gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

58 Therefore, my beloved brothers, stand firm and immovable, and work for the Lord always, work without limit, since you know that in the Lord your labour cannot be lost.

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NEBNew English Bible: © The Delegates of the Oxford University Press & the Syndics of the Cambridge University Press 1961. This Webpage layout © Paul Ingram 2009. Any mismatches, truncated verses, other mistakes? Please e-mail me.