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. Chapter 20.

The Authority of Jesus Questioned (Jerusalem) - [ Lk.20.1-8 → ] - Mt.21.23-27, Mk.11.27-33

1 ONE DAY, as he was teaching the people in the temple and telling them the good news, the priests and lawyers, and the elders with them, came upon him and accosted him. 2 'Tell us', they said, 'by what authority you are acting like this; who gave you this authority?' 3 He answered them, 'I have a question to ask you too: tell me, 4 was the baptism of John from God or from men?' 5 This set them arguing among themselves: 'If we say, "from God", he will say, "Why did you not believe him?" 6 And if we say, "from men", the people will all stone us, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.' 7 So they replied that they could not tell. 8 And Jesus said to them, 'Neither will I tell you by what authority I act.'

The Parable of the Vineyard and the Tenants (Jerusalem) - [ Lk.20.9-19 → ] - Mt.21.33-46, Mk.12.1-12, Is.5.1

9 He went on to tell the people this parable: 'A man planted a vineyard, let it out to vine-growers, and went abroad for a long time. 10 When the season came, he sent a servant to the tenants to collect from them his share of the produce; but the tenants thrashed him and sent him away empty-handed. 11 He tried again and sent a second servant; but he also was thrashed, outrageously treated, and sent away empty-handed. 12 He tried once more with a third; this one too they wounded and flung out. 13 Then the owner of the vineyard said, "What am I to do? I will send my own dear son; [Or: my only son.] perhaps they will respect him." 14 But when the tenants saw him they talked it over together. "This is the heir," they said; "let us kill him so that the property may come to us." 15 So they flung him out of the vineyard and killed him. What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and put these tenants to death and let the vineyard to others.'

17 [ Ps.118.22. ] When they heard this, they said, 'God forbid!' But he looked straight at them and said, 'Then what does this text of Scripture mean: "The stone which the builders rejected has become the main corner-stone"? 18 Any man who falls on that stone will be dashed to pieces; and if it falls on a man he will be crushed by it.'

Paying Taxes to Caesar - [ Lk.20.19-26 → ] - Mt.22.15-22, Mk.12.13-17

19 The lawyers and chief priests wanted to lay hands on him there and then, for they saw that this parable was aimed at them; but they were afraid of the people. 20 So they watched their opportunity and sent secret agents in the guise of honest men, to seize upon some word of his as a pretext for handing him over to the authority and jurisdiction of the Governor. 21 They put a question to him: 'Master,' they said, 'we know that what you speak and teach is sound; you pay deference to no one, but teach in all honesty the way of life that God requires. 22 Are we or are we not permitted to pay taxes to the Roman Emperor?' 23 He saw through their trick and said, 'Show me a silver piece. 24 Whose head does it bear, and whose inscription?' 'Caesar's', they replied. 25 'Very well then,' he said, 'pay Caesar what is due to Caesar, and pay God what is due to God.' 26 Thus their attempt to catch him out in public failed, and, astonished by his reply, they fell silent.

The Question about the Resurrection (Jerusalem) - [ Lk.20.27-40 → ] - Mt.22.23-33, Mk.12.18-27

27 Then some Sadducees came forward. They are the people who deny that there is a resurrection. Their question was this: 28 'Master, Moses laid it down for us that if there are brothers, and one dies leaving a wife but no child, then the next should marry the widow and carry on his brother's family. 29 Now, there were seven brothers: the first took a wife and died childless; 30 then the second married her, 31 then the third. In this way the seven of them died leaving no children. 32 Afterwards the woman also died. 33 At the resurrection whose wife is she to be, since all seven had married her?' 34 Jesus said to them, 'The men and women of this world marry; 35 but those who have been judged worthy of a place in the other world and of the resurrection from the dead, do not marry, 36 for they are not subject to death any longer. They are like angels; they are sons of God, because they share in the resurrection. 37 [ Ex.3.2-6. ] That the dead are raised to life again is shown by Moses himself in the story of the burning bush, when he calls the Lord, "the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob". 38 God is not God of the dead but of the living; for him all are alive.' [Or: they are all.]

39 At this some of the lawyers said, 'Well spoken, Master.' 40 For there was no further question that they ventured to put to him.

The Question about David's Son (Jerusalem) - [ Lk.20.41-44 → ] - Mt.22.41-46, Mk.12.35-37

41 He said to them, 'How can they say that the Messiah is son of David? 42 [ Ps.110.1. ] For David himself says in the Book of Psalms: "The Lord said to my Lord, 'Sit at my right hand 43 until I make your enemies your footstool.' " 44 Thus David calls him "Lord"; how then can he be David's son?'

The Denouncing of the Scribes - [ Lk.20.45-47 → ] - Mt.23.1-36, Mk.12.38-40, Lk.11.37-54

45 In the hearing of all the people Jesus said to his disciples: 46 'Beware of the doctors of the law who love to walk up and down in long robes, and have a great liking for respectful greetings in the street, the chief seats in our synagogues, and places of honour at feasts. 47 These are the men who eat up the property of widows, while they say long prayers for appearance' sake; and they will receive the severest sentence.'

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