Dictionary of the Bible. Second Edition. Original edition by James Hastings, D.D. Revised by Frederick C Grant Th.D., D.D., Litt.D. and H.H. Rowley, D.D., B.Litt., F.B.A. Edinburgh: © T & T Clark and Charles Scribner's Sons 1963. Extracts adapted for katapi by Paul Ingram, 2009.

Plan of Herod's Temple and Courts

Herod's Temple. (1200x1400px)


a b c d, the surrounding balustrade (soregh). X Y Z, the terrace (hel).

A, Court of the Women. B B B, Court of Israel. C C C, Court of the Priests.

D, altar of burnt-offering. E F G, porch, holy place, and holy of holies. O, the laver.

H, 1-9, Gates of the Sanctuary (Middoth, i. 4, 5), viz.: 1, gate of the House Moked; 2, Corban gate; 3, gate Nitsus; 5, the gate of Nicanor, or the Beautiful Gate; 7, the water gate; 8, gate of the firstborn; 9, the fuel gate; 10, the 'upper gate,' wrongly called the gate of Nicanor.

K, the guardhouse Moked (=hearth). L, the 'northern edifice that was between the two gates' (see BJ vi. ii. 7 [150]). Here, it is suggested, the sacrificial victims were examined by the priests, having been brought in either by the underground passage shown on the plan, or by the ramp also shown. The upper storey may have contained the important 'chamber of the councillors' (parhedrin) (Yoma, i. 1).

M, the chamber Gazith, in which the priests on duty assembled for prayer (Tamid, iv. end). There are not sufficient data for fixing the location of the other chambers mentioned in the Mishnah. Their distribution on the plan is purely conjectural.